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Things - You - Need - to - Know - about - Diabetes

Updated on March 13, 2016

Facts about diabetes

Diabetes, often referred to as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood Sugar)either because the insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or even both

TYPES OF DIABETES

Type 1: can appear in childhood or early adulthood. This is also known as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(IDDM)

Type2: diabetes mellitus most commonly develops in adulthood and more likely in people who are overweight and physically inactive

There is also what is known as gestational diabetes mellitus in which pregnant women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibits high blood glucose ( blood sugar levels during pregnancy especially during their third trimester) this is caused when insulin receptors do not function properly . in most cases gestational diabetes after delivery.

COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst(drinking of water frequently)
  • Intense hunger- as the insulin in your bloods are not working well or is not there at all, your cells are not getting their energy, your body may react by trying to find more energy, you will be hungry
  • Weight gain- this is a result of excessive hunger and a eating to satisfy the hunger
  • Increased fatigue- if your insulin is not working properly or there is no insulin, glucose will not be entering the cells which makes you tired always
  • Blurred vision- this can be caused by tissue being pulled from eye lenses. This affects the eyes ability to see well
  • Wound hardly get healed
  • Prone to more skin infections
  • Sexual dysfunction among men

DIAGNOSIS

For diagnosis, test and treatment please visit the hospital

The following are some general dietary tips for a healthy lifestyle

  1. Eat regularly – avoid the effects on glucose levels of skipping meals or having meals delayed because of work or long journeys (take healthy snacks with you)
  2. Eat vegetables and fruits and eat in place of high calorie food
  3. Avoid food containing sugar or added salt
  4. Avoid beer, coke, and other soft drinks containing sugar
  5. Whole grains high in fiber e.g maize are recommended as healthy source of carbohydrate
  6. Eat pulse, a low – fat starching source of protein and fiber such as beans, lentils, chickpeas and garden peas
  7. Plantain is very good too
  8. Eat fish twice a week or more
  9. Avoid red meat and take more leanest cuts
  10. Eat ( fat – free ) ,milk and low fat dairy product, reduce consumption of butter
  11. Take tea or coffee with sugar
  12. Regular exercise for obsessed people

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    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 14 months ago from Home Sweet Home

      my mom had diabetes since she was young and her siblings too

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