ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Thinking about steroids

Updated on September 3, 2011

Many legends are told about steroids, either outbursts of admiration or stories of consequences from their uses.

But what is the real truth about anabolic steroids?

There are 2 things that are certainly true about steroids: they are really effective and they are surely harmful.

The history of steroids dates back to 1889. when a british neurologist Charles Edward Brown injected an extract from dog’s testicles in himself and then presented the benefits he got by doing this.

First time steroids are publicly spoken about is in 1938 in ‘Strength and Health’ magazine and since then steroids have only been improving and got perfected. Now there are more than a hundred types…

But what are steroids and how do they really work?

A steroid is a type of organic compound that contains a specific arrangement of four cycloalkane rings that are joined to each other. Examples of steroids include the dietary fat cholesterol, the sex hormones estradiol and testosterone, and the anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone.

Theese organic compounds can be used either orally or injection( you inject it into the muscle). After the steroid molecul gets into the muscle, it penetrates into cell

and bonds with its DNA. Then happens the next process:

There is an increased protein synthesis and with training it leads to muscle hypertrophy( growing). Also the steroids lower the function of cortisol (a hormone that breaks the muscle down). They also increase the retention of glycogen, which is fuel for muscles, so they give muscles more strength and endurance.

Steroids are used in cycles. Usually a cycle lasts 6 - 12 weeks and after that there is a pause of at least 2 months before the next cycle begins. The point of this is to return the normal functions of the organism.

The effects of steroids:

Positive effects of using steroids are visible after only 2 weeks of using. Muscle strength, muscle mass, definition of muscles are just incredible. The results are just impossible to compare with the results without using steroids. Not even years of training can give you the results like when using steroids.

Now all this would be great if there wasn’t the bad side of using ‘roids’.

Generally at least one side effect of using steroids happen in more than 90% of cases. If using the steroids according to instructions there is a chance that the consequences would be minor. But in some cases, if using steroids over long period, the consequences can really be severe.

The most common side effects of steroid use:

Sodium retention – this can cause edemas(tissue swelling) and lead to a more serius problem like

Hypertension – this is increased artery pressure, it usually goes back to normal when you stop using.

Acne – this is a very common side affect. They mostly appear on the back or face. There were cases when someones face was completely covered with acne.

Headache – this happens because of the artery pressure or because of muscle contraction in the neck area.

Insomnia – it happens very often because of the effect that steroid has on Central Nerve system.

Low immunity – this is because the new condition of the body which is overwhelmed with hormones.

Stomach issues – this happens when using orally

Hypertrophy of prostate

Hypertrophy of the hearth – This is a rare side effect, it usually happens when using steroids over a long period. It can lead to some cardiovascular illnesses.


Gynecomastia (man boobs) – this is when your mammary glands increase. If this happens its solved with surgery


Muscle breaking – this happens when muscle grows too fast and tendons and ligamenst cant follow up

Impotency(infertility) – one of the worst side effects. In early stage it can be cured but after that it can cause permanent problems. This happens when the body gets informations that it has enough testosterone and it stops creating its own. The testosterone creating is lowered even weeks after stopping the use of steroids.

Cancer – this is a rare side effect but it can happen when using for a long time. It damages the liver and can eventually turn into cancer. This usually happens to people who already have liver problems.

After this you should think about the ‘Gains-Losses’ with the use of steroids. Many go with the logic: ‘It will not happen to me’, but you can never know.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Zzare profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Serbia

      Well as I said many of them probabbly think it will not happen to them or if it happens that consequences will be minor. But the problem is that not only professional athletes use it, but its getting used more and more by regular, young people that want to get results in a short period and without much effort...

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      So why people still use this? The side effect is very clear that it can kill. For the body builders this is a shortcut, but they must put in their mind that building body in natural way have a long term results compare in using steroids.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)