How to maintain Good Mental Health - Guidelines for maintaining Healthy Personality - Mentally healthy
Tips for Good Mental Health
Causes of Mental Illness:
Mental illness may result from either organic disease or from environmental causes. Organic causes are mental deficiency or defects, birth injuries, accidents, degenerative changes of old age, syphilis and vitamin deficiencies.
By and large, the greatest incidence of mental illness originates from factors in the environment. The greatest proportion of personality maladjustment have their roots in childhood and are traceable to early parent child relationships. Lack of parental affection, neglect of a child’s emotional needs, and domination of the child’s developing personality are primary elements predisposing to serious emotional maladjustment and mental illness in later life.
Problems in the home such as constant quarreling among family members, economic insecurity, inadequate housing, and home broken by separation, divorce or death of a parent, create emotional stresses in children frequently leading to personality disorders.
The adult who has grown up without having experienced love and security in the home may not demonstrate any maladjustment until he faces a serious conflict or crisis in his life. A mental breakdown may be brought on by job stresses, marital problems, or economic difficulties.
Essential of Mental Health:-
The definition of health accepted by the World Health Organization includes; “mental well being” as one of the requisites of health. In fact mental health plays a pivotal role to maintain physical health. In the more advanced countries the psychiatry, the science and medical specialty dealing with the study and treatment of mental disorders, is a highly advanced field. These advances have come about largely as a result of the high incidence of mental illness existing in those societies. It is observed fact that the more advanced a society becomes, the greater is the incidence of mental disorders among its people. However, following tips are of great help to make you mentally healthy:-
1. Capacity for Emotional Feelings and Appropriate emotional response:
To be emotionally well-adjusted one must have the capacity for emotional experience. One who is incapable of emotional feeling is a dull, drab person whose life lacks color and warmth. He is without fear or preferences, neither loves nor hates, and tends to be rigid, cold and apathetic. He is usually without friends, and does not know the satisfaction derived from acts of kindness and sympathy, for only an emotion such as love can motivate them.
Emotion creates energy which the emotionally mature person utilizes constructively. He works out his emotional tensions, and the excess energy created, in some physical activity. A bout of depression, for example, can be relieved by a vigorous game of tennis. The person in control of his emotions knows how to relax, for many emotions, especially unpleasant ones, are accompanied by muscular tension. When one learns to relax, the emotional state becomes less obvious. He knows that emotions can have harmful effects on his physical health, and is aware that the tensions produced predispose towards such physical conditions as digestive disturbances and hypertension.
An emotionally mature person has developed a sense of humor which he finds effective as a means of getting rid of unpleasant emotions. When situations provoke he attempts to see the humorous aspects, for this frequently helps dispel much of the unpleasantness.
2. Interest and Enthusiasm For the Activities of Daily Living:
Emotional adjustment is dependent upon one’s interest and enthusiasm for daily activities; the exciting as well as the routine.
One must select a type of work suitable to his temperament and abilities. Doing a job one enjoys, and which one feels is worthwhile, can be among the greatest satisfaction of life.
Proper use of leisure time is also important in sustaining personal satisfactions and enthusiasm. Creative hobbies are an effective means of relaxation, diversion, and enjoyment.
3. Ability To Recognize and Accept One’s Own Weaknesses, Appreciate One’s Own Capabilities, and have a Confidence respect for one’s personal worth.
A desire for recognition is a basic psychological need of everyone. Each person wants to feel worthy, both in the eyes of himself and of others. When this desire is not fulfilled he may seek other measures of fulfillment, which are sometimes undesirable. He may attempt to hide his weaknesses, or justify his actions through such devices as face-saving. An emotionally healthy person recognizes his weaknesses and accepts them. Those which are troublesome he makes an effort to over come. Or, he tries to develop his strengths sufficiently so that his weaknesses are not a handicap. He develop his strengths sufficiently so that his weaknesses are not a handicap. He knows his capabilities and does not attempt to do things exceeding them; thereby, avoiding undue frustration or discouragement. He believes in himself and in his own personal worth, for the realizes that only when he has faith in himself can he expects others to have faith in him.
4. Capacity to set realistic and socially desirable goals and to direct one’s efforts in achieving them.
Vocational choices need to be made as early in life as possible. Aiming for the top can be a desirable goal if one has the required leadership qualities and intellectual equipment. To aim for such goals when these personal endowments are absent is nto only unrealistic, but creates unnecessary frustrations. To aim solely for goals such as great prestige and success frequently leads to failure, disappointment, and much personal unhappiness. The emotionally adjusted person has evaluated his own assets and liabilities and sets his goals accordingly. He does not seek that obviously beyond his reach.
5. Capacity to get along successfully with individuals and in groups.
Because man has a social nature he must learn to associate and get along with others. The problem facing the world today is not so much the population problem as it is of living harmoniously with others. Unless the human race learns to live together without conflict, it may face atomic extinction.
The well-adjusted individual knows how to get along with others. He understands that all people have different personalities causing them to react in different ways. Because of his understanding people respond favourably to him, and he is able to live and work with them without discord. He is interested in others, has confidence in them, and shows them respect. He knows that cheerfulness, gentleness, and good manners are necessary attributes in getting along successfully with others.
6. Freedom from persistent anxiety and worry.
The emotionally adjusted person demonstrates concern over his problems. However, he does not allow himself to become constantly anxious and fearful, for he is aware that nothing is to be gained by worrying over things that are past, or those to come. He knows that undue worry and anxiety makes him an ineffective person in his work, and in getting along with his associates. He puts forth his best efforts in all he does and profits from the mistakes of the past. Most important, he recognizes that most worries and fears are baseless, and seldom develop to the extent anticipated.
7. Believe in God.
Strong believe in God makes you mentally stronger. You will believe in luck and do not get disappoint on the things which are not in your control. You behave just like a peasant who do his vest and then wait for the rain and he thank God in all situations. Such an attitude help you to get rid of mentally diseases like; depression, anxiety and stress etc.
Tolerance is a great tool to handle difficult situations. You may not lose your temper on hearing unwanted remarks and reactions. This will eliminate the chances of any mental sickness.
Anger is a state when the mind is in the weakest mode. You cannot make the right decisions. He may harm innocents. Anger is a state which paralyzes your abilities to behave normally. Most of the wrong decisions on which we see men usually repent are taken in the state of anger. Anger is a very hazardous decease of mind. Anger is a great hurdle in happiness not only for the individuals, but for the whole family as one angry family member makes the life of the whole uncomfortable and distressing.
10. Purity of Thoughts
Hygiene of thoughts is very important for mental health. Impurity of thoughts would lead to vices while the good and positive thinking would lead to prosperity and virtuous life. Virtues bring mental satisfaction while the vices bring distress, tension and depression.