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Treating Muscle Pain and Recognizing Muscle Injury

Updated on August 1, 2012

Muscle Soreness and Muscle Injury

The grueling workout that flooded blood vessels, pumped up muscles and sent endorphins rushing throughout the body felt great while you were doing it, or at least after it was finished. But anyone who has ever taken the body to its limits, especially with resistance training, knows they can anticipate the delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) which follows strenuous exercise.

DOMS is the general term for muscle soreness caused by the microscopic destruction of muscle tissue. It sets in 12-48 hours after the workout and can be painful enough to limit mobility for several days. Over-the-counter ibuprofen, massages, contrast baths, gentle active recovery and other treatments are all common recommendations for helping with the pain. However, if the pain persists beyond a few days, it can mean more than sore muscles, and it is time to see a doctor.

Sports and fitness related muscle injuries are common. The difference between soreness and injury are the symptoms:

-DOMS is typically a general soreness on both sides of the body.

-DOMS pain is reduced with gentle motion or exercise.

-DOMS usually disappears within three days.

-An injury often occurs to one side of the body.

-Injuries tend to worsen with continued activity.

-Injuries often persist long after the workout or activity that caused them.

Treating DOMS

Active recovery helps relieve muscle pain by increasing blood flow to the muscles, delivering oxygen and nutrients they need. Do not try to set any records during this time; light weights, slow movements and easy cardio are the key. Practice gentle yoga or other stretching as well.

Other suggestions include hot baths (or Jacuzzi,) hot/cold baths and massage. One professional soccer team even put their athletes in a cold room following practice to improve recovery time and lessen the impact of DOMS. Prevent injury or prolonged pain and avoid exercising the affected muscles with intensity until they are fully recovered.

Treating Injuries

If you suspect you have an injury, stop exercising the affected areas, or doing any activity which triggers the pain. See a sports medicine doctor as soon as possible and do not try to work through it. Allowing the injury to go untreated can make the problem worse; it will then be more difficult (and expensive) to treat and require additional recovery time.

When the injury is to soft tissue, such as a sprain, strain or muscle pull, most experts recommend using the R.I.C.E. formula for immediate treatment. R.I.C.E. stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation.

Rest: The ‘rest’ is obvious; don’t work an injured area. Rest it.

Ice: Immediate ice application after an injury happens helps reduce swelling. It also numbs the area and reduces pain. The general rule of thumb is to ice the area for 20 minutes at a time, giving the area time to re-warm after removing the ice pack.

Overuse of ice may interfere with the body’s natural healing mechanisms, so be mindful of how long it is left on the injured area.

Compression: The use of pressure on the injured area reduces swelling and pain as well. A sports sleeve or cloth bandage provides ample compression, but it should not be so tight that the area is throbbing.

Elevation: This step also reduces swelling by limiting blood flow to the area. Ideally, the injury should be raised above heart level.

This treatment works best when applied immediately following injury. If pain and swelling do not improve within 48 hours, see a sports medicine specialist.

Muscle soreness is an indicator of a good workout that will cause positive adaptations in the body. Persistent, acute and isolated pain may cause just the opposite. If you suspect an injury, don’t wait to have it treated. The sooner you take care of it, the faster that body will be back in action.

***Please note: I have researched this topic and provided what I believe to be accurate information. However, I am not a medical professional, and this hub is not intended to represent medical advice.

A bath can work wonders on sore muscles.
A bath can work wonders on sore muscles. | Source
Negative repetitions can trigger intense muscle fiber growth, and are notorious for causing DOMS
Negative repetitions can trigger intense muscle fiber growth, and are notorious for causing DOMS | Source


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