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Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes

Updated on November 7, 2013

Type I diabetes is a chronic condition which involves the existence of high level of sugar or glucose in the blood. The condition begins when the body fails to produce sufficient amount of insulin or when the use of insulin becomes less effective in the body. Though this condition may occur among people of all age groups, it is mostly prevalent in children, teenagers and adults at young age (Government of Victoria, 2013). The exact cause of type I diabetes has not been established, however, available information indicates that its cause is most probably due to an autoimmune disorder. This is whereby an infection causes the body to wrongly hinder the manufacture of insulin. The major treatment and therapy for this condition includes adhering to a healthy diet, regular exercises and controlling the level of insulin in the patient’s blood. This paper evaluates how these treatment options can be applied in patients with Diabetes 1 syndrom.

Exercises

In most cases, diabetes patients have problems with their eyes. This is irrespective of whether the symptoms show themselves or not. A fragile, small and delicate blood vessel in the retina is the cause for such eye problems. In a case when these vessels are damaged, then there is bleeding in the backside of the eye. Consistent bleeding may then lead to blurred or total loss of vision. Apparently, regular exercises assist a lot in controlling the level of sugar in the patient’s blood system. In addition, it also assists in burning excess calories and fat into the required amount.


Mathur, (2010) explains that patients with extensive eye diseases related with diabetes need to control the type and intensity of exercises. Intensive exercises such as weight lifting, boxing and driving should be avoided. Those exercises that may increase the sblood level should also be avoided especial in the case when the kidney is affected. The author goes on that before these individual begins doing exercises; a doctor or health physician should firstly evaluate his or her health condition. The patients should also pay closer attention to any complications in their blood level. Another important consideration is the type of food to take before and after these exercise programs. For instance, sufficient amount of carbohydrates should be consumed at this time since 50% of the burned calories are from carbohydrates.

Eat a Healthy and Balanced Diet

Maya and Melinda, (2013) explains that for patients with diabetes condition, health living is a crucial element to them. What these patients take as food has much influence concerning their weight. According to the authors, it is important for diabetes patients to lose weight and if possible maintain it. Health eating does not however mean partaking of special or complicated kind of diet, rather, it should involve normal balanced diet.

Individuals with type I diabetes should particularly pay a closer attention to the kind of snacks and meals they partake than people who are well. The kind of meals eaten by these types of people need to be healthy and balanced at all times. It is quite necessary to align the food they take with the quantity of insulin they take plus the level of activities. This is because there are some foods if taken will only assist to increase sugar level in the patient’s blood. The level of increase in the blood sugar is depended upon the type nutrition, which the food harbors. Three major nutrients found in foods include proteins, carbohydrates and fats. All these nutrients offers energy inform of calories to the body. Excess carbohydrate foods mostly cause the sugar level to increase while fat and proteins do not necessarily affect the level of sugar.

In order to operate normally, the human body requires all these nutrients in specific amounts. Patients with type 1 diabetes should establish a eating program that includes foods containing a balanced diet. Studies have shown that patients who plan their diet had a probability of losing weight and therefore, improving on their health conditions in comparison to those who don’t. Though the so planned meal should not in any way be about specific foods to partake, it should act as a guideline to foods that are nutritious and balanced. All the meals and snacks taken should contain the required amount of carbohydrates and should be aligned with the amount of insulin that is being taken. Equally important is that the meal program should be designed in accordance to the extent of activity, age, schedule, likes and dislikes. In addition, the meal should be flexible in such a way that it can be easily handled in specific situations such as in parties.

Controlling the Level of Insulin

Controlling the level of sugar in the blood can greatly assist in curbing or reducing complications. The control of insulin is a useful way of treating people with type I diabetes. These treatment is meant to supplement the insulin found in the body as well as maintaining the normal level of blood sugar. Though various types of insulin treatment may be used to control the level of sugar in the blood, individual factors determines the best options to be considered. In leading stress free life, there is a necessity of careful planning in the intake of insulin to control the level of sugar in the blood

Various types of insulin includes the rapid acting, short acting and long acting insulin. These may be combined so as to control the sugar level in the blood at all time. For starters in insulin intake, doctors or nurses are necessary in regulating such insulin intake. Patients are mandated to constantly check the level of blood sugar in their bodies more than once a day. The quantity of insulin required in the body will depend on a person’s diet, weight changes, health conditions, rate of activities and type of work. Although patients need the assistance of health care givers regularly, they should be made to adjust their intake of insulin depending on the factors mentioned above. However, such patients should see a physician at least once every four months to assess the level of blood sugar.

There are two types of insulin treatment plans, standard insulin treatment and intensive insulin treatment plan. In particular, people with type 1 diabetes are best treated using the intensive treatment option. Though standard insulin may also be recommended for specific patients, it is not a common treatment method for such kind of patients.


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