ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Types of Diabetes Mellitus – Which Type are You

Updated on April 8, 2012

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood levels or hyperglycemia. Factors leading to hyperglycemia in diabetes include reduced or no insulin secretion, decreased glucose utilization and increased glucose production. Diabetes could lead to major complications including end stage renal disease, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, leg amputations, and blindness. Diabetes Mellitus is usually known with two types, Type 1 diabetes or previously known as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes or formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, however there are other types of diabetes mellitus which are not that common to people, below is a list of the types of diabetes mellitus

courtesy of
courtesy of

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes – this type is the result of genetic, environmental and immunologic factors leading to the destruction of insulin producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. Type 1 Diabetes results from autoimmune destruction of beta cells in the pancreas leading to reduced insulin secretion or no insulin secretion at all. Patients who are Type 1’s should be maintain on insulin starting the time they are diagnosed. Some patients with type 1 diabetes would go to diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma (DM complications) even with just one missed dose of insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes – this type results from insulin resistance and abnormal insulin secretion which are central to the development of type 2 diabetes. Other factors include excessive hepatic glucose production and abnormal fat metabolism. Obesity is common among patients with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetics could be started on oral hypoglycemics to decreased insulin resistance and promote insulin secretion. If sugar levels are still uncontrolled, insulin therapy might be needed to maintain sugar levels to normal.

Gestational Diabetes – a previous healthy female who develop glucose intolerance during her pregnancy is defined as gestational diabetes. Resistance to insulin in pregnancy is due to the metabolic changes occurring in pregnancy. Glucose tolerance usually return back to normal after pregnancy but some patients will eventually developed impaired fasting glucose or eventually have diabetes post-delivery.

Other Types of Diabetes Mellitus – other etiologies of diabetes not belonging to the first three mentioned above belong to this group. The group includes: disease entities with genetic defects in beta cell function like your Maturity Onset Diabetes in the Young (MODY) type 1 to 6, disease entities with genetic defects in insulin action like Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome and Lipodystropy syndromes, disease entities of the exocrine pancreas like your pancreatitis or a pancreatic neoplasm, endocrinopathies like your Cushing’s syndrome and pheochromocytoma, drug or chemically induced diabetes like anti-psychotics, steroids and nicotinic acid, infections like your rubella and cytomegalovirus infections, uncommon immune-mediated diabetes and other genetic syndromes associated with diabetes like your Down’s and Klinefelter’s syndrome.


Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 18th ed

Related Articles

5 Things You Should Do Against Diabetes

Diabetes is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Knowing pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options are a huge advantage against the disease.

Insulin Therapy for Diabetics - Types, Indications and Complications

Insulin is a plays a vital role in the management of diabetes. Knowing the different types and indications can be helpful


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • jhunpaler profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for the comment :)I m glad you enjoyed reading my article :)

    • thesingernurse profile image

      Tina Siuagan 

      6 years ago from Rizal, Philippines

      Filipinos are all high-risk to develop Diabetes Mellitus (just like other susceptible races). They have to be educated further regarding such disease. And I'm glad that you use Hubpages as a platform to do such that.

      Thank you for sharing these useful information Doctor! More power to you!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)