Types of Stroke And Ways to Treat
Types of Stroke
Stroke occurs mostly in two main ways. One is when a piece of plaque or a blood clot breaks open and plugs a blood artery in the brain. This blockage leads to ischemic strokes. The other one is known as brain haemorrhage and it occurs because of a rupture in a blood vessel in the brain.
Strokes Caused by Blocked Arteries
Ischaemic strokes are caused by blood coagulation. Blood clotting is a natural process that is actually beneficial, as it slows down the bleeding of a wound. However, it is a serious concern in the case of clot-provoked stroke, as blood clumps interrupt blood flow to the human brain. Here are some of its causes: diabetes, high cholesterol, uncontrolled blood pressure, obesity, and smoking.
Strokes Caused By Bleeding
A brain haemorrhage or haemorrhagic stroke is caused by the bursting or leaking of a blood vessel in or near the brain, causing the cells around to die. Some of the main risk factors that increase the risk of brain haemorrhage include smoking, alcohol abuse, and use of high-dose estrogen birth control pills.
In the case of TIA, or Transient Ischaemic Attacks (often called “mini-strokes”), most people don’t recognize the symptoms, although they are very similar to those of a stroke. It occurs due to a temporary drop in the blood flow to the brain. Symptoms include weakness, lack of coordination and in most cases last less than 24 hours before disappearing.
First-Aid for Stroke
Generally, people should follow a specific action plan in case of an emergency. It could help you determine whether someone has a life-threatening condition. First, you should try to make contact to see if the victim is responsive by asking their name. Stroke victims may have speech difficulties, so ask them to squeeze and release your hands or fingers. If the person is not responsive, you should jump in and perform CPR and then immediately call 911 or your local E.R. department.
Treatments for Stroke
Early treatment after stroke is of vital importance, as it may minimize the long-term effects of a stroke and speed up the recovery process.
1. Stroke unit care: a stroke unit is an area in a hospital where a specialised stroke team looks after people with stroke. The victim has to be taken to a stroke unit care as quickly as possible.
2. rt-PA: if you arrive at the hospital within 2–3 hours after your stroke, you may be treated with a drug to try to return the blood supply to your brain. The medicine is called rt-PA, or recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. It removes the blood clot that caused the stroke and can only be given to people with an ischaemic stroke.
3. Aspirin: Should be given at the earliest (within 48 hours) to people with ischaemic stroke.
Help People Know About FAST
To help recognize the signs of stroke, ask yourself these simple questions:
Face – can the person smile? Is their face drooping?
Arm – can the person raise both of his or her arms?
Speech – can the person speak clearly and understand what you are saying?
Time – immediately call an ambulance!
In any emergency, wearing a medical information wristband can save your life. It can contain crucial information about yourself and about your allergies, conditions or medications you are currently taking. In such emergencies, every second counts, and accessing your records or contacting your relatives may be impossible without emergency contact details. Wristbands “speak” on your behalf, helping medical staff treat you quickly and effectively. They are available in different styles and options, are 100% silicone, durable, and non-allergenic.
© 2016 Billie Jean Bateson