- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Understand Aspergers Syndrome And How It Affects Your Child
Aspergers is a high functioning form of Autism that affects how a person see the world around them. Aspergers is a neurobiolocigal disorder, which means this is an illness of the nervous system caused by genetic, metabolic, or other biological factors. Many illnesses categorized as psychiatric disorders are neurobiological, including autism, bipolar disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, schizophrenia and Tourette syndrome.Aspergers is considered a hidden disability because you can't tell a person has aspergers from their appearance. A person with Aspergers may have a higher intellect will lack the social skills to interact with other children their age.
Asperger is related to the autistic spectrum. The person is affected in individual ways that may have both positive and can negative effects on their lives. They will have levels of repetitive behavior patterns and confusion in a social setting. The ability to interact is impaired. They do desire social acceptance yet don't have the ability to create an interaction. They have difficulty knowing body language of those around them.
Researchers and mental health officials continue to look for the causes of autism. However they believe that Aspergers may have a heredity factor. They have found that children who had pre-peri or post natal problems have been diagnosed with Asperger's including children who suffered lack of oxygen at birth.
The s key factors are:
- Difficulty in socializing -- they want to socialize and try hard though it's hard for them to understand a person's non verbal body language such as facial expressions.
- Communicating -- they have the ability to communicate however when talking in a group they don't notice the reactions of other people and they sometimes come up with something completely irrelevant that makes no sense. They also don't comprehend jokes or word play. When hearing someone say I will scratch her eyes out they may be scared because they expect that to happen. They don't understand it's a play on words.
- Limited in Imagination and creative play -- they don't have the ability to imagine something, aren't able to say play house, have a tea party or read a book and be able to imagine what a character would look like.
- Very knowledgeable about a specific subject - they become focused on one particular object or subject. It could be anything from specific game to collecting baseball card. They would study all the facts listed on each baseball card and recite them from memory.
- Like routines -- they like to follow the same routine, it may be necessary for them to dress the same way every day, in the same order. They could eat their food in a particular order or anytime they are being driven somewhere they want to take the exact route. Any changes to their routine could greatly upset them.
- Easily Distracted -- they can be easily distracted, thrown off their game plan for any reason, a phone ringing, dog barking, someone talking, there are various ways they get interrupted.
The other signs are:
- Doesn't like interruptions or changes to a routine
- Not emotional to a person yet can be to an object
- Somewhat sensitive to particular sounds or motions
- Delayed motor skill development
- Repeats behavior
- Repeats interest in a specific subject
Now that you have more information in regards to what Aspergers is let's concentrate on how to handle your child at home
- Create a routine from when they wake up, get washed, brush their teeth, get dressed, have breakfast, leave for school or daycare. Basically they need a routine from the time they get up in the morning until they go to bed at night.
- When trying to teach them something talk to them first, then show them. This is a two step method that is required by most children with aspergers. Something visual may help them grasp what you are trying to tell them. Such as if you are taking about their routine make a schedule, the visual will help them to understand better.
- Be mindful of noises that may distract them.
- Try to determine what their triggers are and if possible avoid them.
- Help them to understand how to behave when out in a social setting such as school, the park, a party or other situations.
- Show them how to talk to someone, explain that making eye contact lets that person know you are talking to them.
- Explain that we all have feelings and sometimes our feelings get hurt. Work with them on being careful with what we say so we don't hurt people's feelings.
- Talk about what is acceptable at home, outside, in his bedroom, what isn't acceptable outside, at someone else' house, at a party, at home and teach them what words they can't say in public or at home.