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Understanding Hypertension

Updated on August 07, 2014


Today there are many things you can do to control your hypertension. This, is a serious disease that affect million of people. With the epidemic of obesity in the US, we are also seeing a rise in this serious, but reversible disease.

One in three or over 75 million American children and adults suffer from hypertension. It is the number cause of heart attack and stroke. More than 65% of people with suffer with this ailment do not know it. This condition often has no symptoms and is often overlooked.

It, is caused by a lung disorder. It is also called unexplained hypertension, because, the causes are unknown. When the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery is elevated above normal without apparent causes.

The pulmonary artery carries oxygen-deficient blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs. The lungs then carries fresh oxygen to the left ventricle which delivers it throughout the body.

Contributing Factors

Like pulmonary hypertension, doctors are not sure in most cases what causes hypertension. However, they do know what can make it worse. Lifesytle has a lot to do with managing high blood pressure. What it eat and drink, the type of job your have, your family can all contribute to hypertension. Some things can not be controlled, like heredity. Some things are in your control like:

  • Stress: Constant unmanaged stress in itself, is harmful to the mind and body. It can also make hypertension worse. Stress causes the heart rate to elevate causing the heart to work harder, thus casing blood pressure to rise. These things can affect you:
  • Obesity: When the body carries extra weight, it causes the heart to work harder.
  • Smoking: Substances in cigarettes, cigars, and snuff causes blood vessels to narrow, causing the heart to work hard to move through the body and blood pressure to rise
  • Salt: Too much salt causes the body to retain water, causing blood pressure to rise.
  • Genetics (can not be helped): Some people are predisposed to having hypertension. Hypertension can run in families.


Symptoms off of PPH are:

* dizziness
* fatigue
* difficulty breathing
* fainting
* swelling of ankles and legs
* chest pains
* blue tint to lips and skin

PHH is treated by diuretics, blood thinner (anticoagulants) or supplemental oxygen. Those who do not respond with these therapies may need and heart or lung transplant.

The Silent Killer

Most of the time, you may have high blood pressure and not know it. That is why it is called the silent killer. It is very important to see your physician regularly. If you can not afford to go to the doctor, most cities have free clinics, that will charge you according to your income. The first thing that will be done, is you blood pressure will be taken. If this condition runs in your family it is very important, to see a doctor every year.

Lifestyle Changes that Help

The blood pressure goal for otherwise healthy people is, less than140 for systolic and less than 90 for diastolic. For people with diabetes or renal disease the goal is 130/80, and for people with heart disease, 140/90.

Lifestyle changes can make a big impact on hypertension. Something as low as a 5 to 10 pound weight loss can normalize high blood pressure. Look for natural methods, to control this condition. Many methods are inexpensive, and some don't cost anything as all.

  • Lose weight
  • Stop smoking
  • exercise
  • drink in moderation
  • maintain, calcium, magnesium and potassium
  • reduce cholesterol and saturated fats

Lower Blood Pressure without Drugs

Medication for Hypertension
Medication for Hypertension


When you are per-hypertensive, your doctor will usually not prescribe medication. He or will usually suggest, diet and exercise changes. Once you are diagnosed with high blood pressure, you will then be given medication. Some medication may cause side effect, such as dizziness when standing, dry mouth, weight gain, or frequent urination.

It is vital that you continue to take medication that has been prescribed. Do not skip doses, even if you feel fine. If you are having uncomfortable side effects, do not stop taking your medicine, but discuss this with your doctor, so that they can make changes to the script. Keep communicating with you physician, until you get the medication that is right for you.

Help for hypertension


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