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Useful Herbs of the Garden & Countryside

Updated on April 13, 2018

AGRIMONY

(AGRIMONIA EUPATORIA)

Parts used: Flowering tops

Properties: Astringent, diuretic, liver tonic, wound herb

Uses: Laryngitis, Tonsilitis, sore throat, diarrhoea and bedwetting children. Haemorrhages, wounds and ulcers. Liver and gall bladder disorders. Weakness and debility. It can be used as a substitute for or addition to black tea.

Combinations: Agrimony combines well with Blackberry as a gargle for sore throat.

BLACKBERRY

(RUBUS VILLOSUS)

Parts used: Fruit, leaf and roots

Properties: It is a tonic and the whole plant is astringent, the root more so than the leaf.

Uses: Diarrhoea, dysentery, enteritis, excessive menstrual flow. Fever and heat in the head, eyes and body.

Externally: Piles, haemorrhoids, ulcers and sores. Sore throats or mouth ulcers- gargle.

Combinations: Blackberry combines well with Agrimony as astringent, especially as a gargle for a sore throat. Combined with Lemon balm, it makes a refreshing substitute for tea.

DANDELION

(TARAXACUM OFFICINALIS)

Parts used: Leaf, roots and flowers

Properties: The whole plant is hepatic tonic, bitter and digestive. The leaf is diuretic; the root, laxative. It is a safe and gentle diuretic, as it is mineral rich and so prevents potassium and sodium depletion commonly found with diuretics.

Uses: Constipation, liver and gall bladder tonic, spring tonic and blood cleanser. Rheumatism and gout, oedema, bladder and urinary disorder.

Externally: The latex sap from the fresh root or leaf stem is said to promote the regression of warts.

DAISY

(BELLIS PERENNIS)

Parts used: Leaf

Properties: Used both internally and externally as an oil, lotion or wash for bruises, wounds, aches and pains, muscle strains and sprains. Eye strain, lumps and swellings, mouth ulcers, used as an alternative to arnica.

Combination: Combines well with Agrimony for gout; and with Hawthorn for aches and pains around the heart.

ELDERFLOWER

(SAMBUCUS NIGRA)

Parts used: Flower and berry

Properties: Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, anti-catarrhal

Uses: The flower is used for hay fever, sinusitis, tonsilitis, fever and any inflammation. A cold infusion is useful in night sweats and promotes the flow of urine. A hot infusion is a diaphoretic for fevers and heat. The berry is an immune stimulant and tonic.

Combination: With Peppermint and yarrow for fevers and colds.

GOLDENROD

(SOLIDAGO VIRGAUREA)

Parts used : Flowering tops.

Properties: Antiseptic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, mucous membrane tonic, anti-catarrhal, diaphoretic.

Uses: Thrush and candida, excess mucous or blood loss, nausea and vomiting. Kidney and urinary stones and gravel. Internal and external sores, wounds and ulcers. Irritable bowel syndrome. Bronchitis.

GOOSEGRASS

(GALLIUM APARINE)-Also known as clever or sticky bud.

Parts used: Leaf and Stalk

Properties: Diuretic, alterative and antiseptic

Uses: Oedema, heart failure. Obesity. Tumours and growth. Psoriasis. Urinary, kidney bladder infection. Spring tonic and blood cleanser.

HAWTHORN

(CRATAEGUS SPP.)

Parts used: Berry and flowering tops

Properties: Heart and blood vessel tonic, antiarrhythmic. Hawthorne helps improve the action of the heart, increasing blood flow and strengthening the muscle without straining the heart or increasing blood pressure.

Uses: High blood pressure, Arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis. Heart arrhythmias. Heart failure. Angina. Hypertrophy of the heart muscle. As a heart and vascular tonic.

HYSSOP

(HYSSOPUS OFFICINALIS)

AVOID IN HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND GRAND MAL EPILEPSY

Parts used: Flowering tops

Properties: Diaphoretic, expectorant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, sedative, antiviral and anti-catarrhal

Uses: To induce sweating in fevers. Coughs, Bronchitis, chronic catarrh. Petit mal epilepsy, Anxiety and hysteria.

Externally: Bruises, Eczema, shingles and cold sores.

Lady's Mantle

(ALCHEMILLA VULGARIS)

Parts used: Leaves

Properties:Leaves Astringent, wound herb, anti-inflammatory, emmenogogue

Uses: Excessive menstruation, period pain and out of cycle bleeding. Diarrhoea and colitis. Stomach and duodenal ulcers

Externally: Wounds, sores and ulcers

Combination: For wind and colic in babies with spearmint and cinnamon

LAVENDER

(LAVANDULA OFFICINALIS)

Parts used: Flowering tops

Properties: Nervine, antidepressants, calming, sedative, carminative, anti-spasmodic

Uses: Headaches- especially of nervous or stressful origins. Insomnia. Physical and mental exhaustion. Depression, nervousness, stress and anxiety.

Externally: As an infusion on burns and shingles. For rheumatism, arthritis and muscle aches and strains. As an oil on the temple for sinusitis

MARJORAM

(ORIGANUM VULGARE)

Parts used:

Properties: Expectorant, antiseptic, carminative, antiviral, diaphoretic, antispasmodic, emmenogogue, stimulant.

Uses:Tension headache.coughs, whooping cough, colds and flu. Digestive stimulant. To promote a sluggish menstrual flow

Externally: As an antiseptic mouthwash for ulcers and mouth sores and toothache. Rheumatism, muscle pains. Insect bites and stings

MEADOWSWEET

(FILIPENDULA ULMARIA)

Parts used: Flowering tops

Properties: Digestive, astringent, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic

Uses: stomach and duodenal ulcers, heart burn or indigestion. Nausea, diarrhoea, fever, rheumatic and muscle pain.

NETTLE

(URTICA DIOICA)

Parts used: Whole herb

Properties: Astringent, antiallergic, tonic, antihaemorrhagic, galactogogue, hypoglycaemic, antirheumatic and diuretic.

Uses: Eczema, Hay Fever, Blood cleanser and tonic, Rheumatism, arthritis and gout, anaemia, diabetes, Blood loss. To sooth nettle rash.

PARSLEY

(PETROSELINUM CRISPUM)

AVOID IN PREGNENCY, KIDNEY STONES AND KIDNEY INFLAMMATION.

Parts used: Leaf

Properties: Diuretic, antimicrobial, emmenogogue, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, uterine tonic, adrenal tonic, potassium, calcium and silica rich

Uses: Bloating, oedema, water retention. Period pain and uterine cramping. Menopausal hot flushes, congestive heart failure. Inflammation or enlargement of the prostate gland.

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    • jennzie profile image

      Jenn 

      4 months ago from Pennsylvania

      Very interesting!

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