ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

VIYOG AND MILAN (separation and meeting) IN LOVE

Updated on September 22, 2011

The words viyog and virah are synonymous. Separation and meeting are two stages of love. Meeting is sweet. Separation evokes the feeling of meeting, and then, meeting after such a separation is sweeter.Thus the sweetness of Divine love goes on multiplying at every stage and ever new experiences of ever-increasing Divine love are enjoyed by the Gopis (associates) in the form of meeting and separation.

As a matter of fact, Gopis experience Krishn and Krishn love in each and every perception, in dream and awakened state.In the words of a rasik Saint, a Gopi(associate) says, "In every pore of my body, I experience only Krishn love. In my soul and in my heart, I feel that only Krishn is there.


“In every thought and in every conception, I find that only Krishn is present.”

Meera bai (a lady saint) said,

"My Beloved lives in my body, in my mind, and in mysoul. He is so much one with me that I cannot find a place where he is not."

Surdas (a saint) wrote a lot about Gopis' feelings, where a Gopi says to her friend,

"Every moment I see Krishn before me. In my body and in my ornaments, in my house, and in the courtyard, on the Yamuna river bank and in the gardens of Braj, in the living beings and in our friends. Wherever I look I find Kristin is present.

He is so merged in my thoughts that I cannot think of anything except Him. He is so absorbed in my vision that I cannot see anything except Him."

These are the expressions of their natural unity with Krishn.

Krishn’s vision

Another aspect of Gopis' love is seen when they yearn for Krishn's vision. This state of separation has also been described by many rarik Saints and in the Bhagwatam -the holy book as well. They describe that their eyes desired the vision of Krishn, their senses desired association with Krishn, andfrom such yearning, their souls wished to leave their bodies to meet Krishn, because they loved Him more than their own souls. Again, when they received association with Krishn, they experiences an indescribable Bliss according to the intensity oftheir feelings of separation. Thus, their joy of meeting and their sorrow of separation were at extremes.

We find two opposite expressions existing simultaneously in the Gopis. They perceive Krishn every moment, yet still they cry for His vision and association. Although every moment they experience an ever-increasing Bliss of Divine love, yet they feel pain of His separation.

The two fold experience

.This two fold experience is the speciality of Krishn's love and is the real grandeur of Divine love. Divine love, with its innumerable amazing qualities, represents itself in two forms of stable experiences, virah and milan, along with their intricate stages of a more and more subtle nature.

In the material world, the object and the observer are entirely different, and the experiencing faculty, the mind, is always being influenced by so many factors. Moreover, it is the emotional state of one's mind which appears as pleasure, not the observed object itself.

Philosophy of mind in love

The human mind is used to comprehending simple incidents, not simultaneous opposites, because in the material world, opposite things never happen at the same time. So, when we read about the simultaneous expressions of meeting and separation in the Gopis, we take it as an event of dualistic experience of separation or meeting, and we forget their original state, that they are ever one with Krishn.

Again, if we try to consider both these stages together, our minds fail to understand how the existence of two opposite things is possible at one time, so in both ways, our intellect fails to grasp the reality and we interpret the Divine leelas(plays) according to our worldly notions and decisions. If the Gyanis (the knowledgeable) cannot understand the Gopis' love with their Divine intellect, how can a worldly person do so? This was the most puzzling point for Uddhao, the foremost Gyani and Yogi, as well as Krishn's intimate friend, that on one hand Gopis yearn for Krishn's association and on the other hand they say, "Krishn is with me, Krishn is in me. O Uddhao! I can show you your friend Krishn if you so wish it”

The Divine mind and Divine love

In the Divine abode, the perceiving and experiencing faculty (the Divine mind) is itself a form of Divine love power. The experiencing media (the Divine body and senses) is itself a form of Divine love power. The perceived object itself is the eternal embodiment of Divine love. The act of perception is the self-evolved state of the playful nature of Devine love power and, thus, the perceived experience is just the full-­bloomed splendor of Divine love which is sell-perceived on its own hose.

We can understand this by an example, a mother is watching, the playfulactions of her child and she is much pleased. Another woman is also watching the actions of the child, but she is not pleased. Instead, she is spitefully jealous because she has no son of her own. It shows that in the material world:

(a) We get pleasure through emotional observation, not through mere perception, and,

(b) Our emotions themselves are the only source of our happiness, The 'object' is not the source of happiness, otherwise, the child would have given an equal amount of happiness to both the women. Thus, the material object is simply a medium for getting happiness.

In the Divine world, (a) the object itself is the embodied Bliss or love and (b) it is self-perceived, because the perceiver and the perceived object are not two different and independent existences, but both are thesame Divine love power.

So, we understand that the Divine object 'itself' is the 'form' of Divine Bliss, which, by itself, enters the perception of a Saint. Thus, the perceiver, the act of perceiving and the perceived object are the three different appearances of Divine love.

Krishn’s love and Divine love

Krishn's other form is called Divine love. The virtues of Krishn (or the virtues of Divine love) are self-active, so they naturally and independently enter into the heart of the Gopis or Krishn's other associates. This was the reason that the radiance of the Divine virtues of Krishn entered into the heart of Shukdeo(a saint) and evoked his absolute transcendence.

Ice becomes water. Substantially there is no difference between the two, but physically there is a difference in their appearance and use. Thus there is no basic difference between ice and water. Similarly,we canunderstand that Krishn and Krishn love (Divine love) are the two undifferentiated appearances of Krishn Himself. Either you say that Divine love power has two forms, one is Divine love and the other is Krishn (this is the philosophy of Hit Harivansh); or you say, that Krishn has His two forms, one as Himself and the other as Divine love. Both expressions are correct, but in the Divine abode and in the Divine plays, Krishn's personified form is most important.


Now we again come to the point of virah and milan. When a devotee of Vrindaban bhaoreceives Divine love, with the Grace of Krishn, Krishn Himself enters into his heart as Love. His experiencing faculty (mind) and experiencing medium (body), both become Divine. So he experiences only Krishn and Krishn love in every perception.

In the visual world, Krishn is omnipresent, and in the Gopi's heart He stays as Divine love or Krishn love. So inside and outside, everywhere, a Gopi sees only Krishn. This is the normal stage of a Gopi where she is in complete unity with Krishn.

Divine love in virah and milan

Divine love, in its integrity, is not quiet, it is playful. It evolves into so many surprising Divine experiences, the marvel of which is experienced in the forms of virah and milan. The experiences of meeting and separation are the real charm of Krishn love which are experienced by the Gopis in addition to their normal experience of constant unity with Krishn.

The elevated stage of virah and milanis called Bhao, or Bhavavesh, which is the ultimate attainable stage of Divine love and which can only be experienced through the form of a Gopi.

Further, during the appearance period of Krishn (when He lived in Braj), the Gopis, along with their experiences of Bhavavesh, also enjoyed the pleasure of personal meeting with Krishn; and during the day, when He stayed out in the woods with His playmates, they experienced separation and longed for His vision.

A Gopi says,

"At the close of the day, Krishn, the Beloved ofall Brajwasis, comes. He is surrounded by his playmates, His curly hair is dusty from the foot dust of the cows that follow Him. He lays His flute and sometimes He glances towards us and smiles.

Further she says, "He is so sweet and He is so loving, that His look and His smile penetrate our hearts. I wonder, how could I live without Him"

There are many verses about the Gopis' love and longing which relate to the meeting and separation with Krishn when He was on theearth planet, five thousand years ago. Thus, in two ways, Gopis experienced virah and milan, one in Bhavaveshand the other in person.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      AGREED......and very true nityanandji.....u had added an extra value to this article.....thank u very much

    • nityanandagaurang profile image


      7 years ago

      lord shri krsna is supreme personalit of godhead.Radha and krsna are divine couple. lord shri krsna relation with shrimati radharani and gopis are not mundane but purely spiritual

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks natural solution.....

      yes divinity itself long ever and enlightens all its surroundings...

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Divine poem and divine love :) that word is enough to say that this hub are really fantastic. Thumbs up for a great work moneycop.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks cogerson for your humble visit for the topic u not know any thing.

      But i request if u want real happiness get acquainted with all my philosophic hubs. not oly they are rich but will help u to overcome many stresses in life leading to absolute happiness.

    • Cogerson profile image


      7 years ago from Virginia

      A very interesting hub that I had no previous knowledge about....but I found the information to be interesting and informative. Hubs like this one are one of the reasons why I look hub pages so much.....I continue to expand my knowledge...thank you for that. Voted up and awesome.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks RNMSM.....really u made a right point. You are absolute towards your vision of coming back. I suggest you when you are free from writing and just want to learn about the meditation and real Love.

      So you are Welcome to my world any time. feel free to have some doubts and question. I will be there to solve your queries.

    • RNMSN profile image

      Barbara Bethard 

      7 years ago from Tucson, Az

      beautiful writing on love and how to live a loving life...I will come back to these hubs moneycop. I need them. I need to learn them. I am glad you are here.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks sueswan..hope it benifit u are always sinked into love feelings...take care dear..

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      A beautiful and interesting hub on love.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR


      this subject is only for those who knows it completely or who does not know any thing. I mean a clear mind or a complete mind.

      as its a natural topic of love and in divinity you will find your self intriguing, means that u are clean at heart and so u can have this peace of knowledge and love to share with ur feeling and mind.

      thanks for commenting

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      7 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Interesting, A subject i know nothing about, still, i find it intriguing. Thank you for sharing...

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      Movie master this is the absolute topic to be learned in this birth. Being human we can know any knowledge. Its not just another hub with some extra knowledge.My all hubs are a deep research and adds human heart the divine happiness for ever.

      Any person who is a real seeker of happiness will gain with these hubs and practice for the attainment of the same.

      Just take time always to come by and read a little. It will add and not be a burden to you.

      Thanks for you comment and showing interest. As this topic is of low interest to most people, but still i write becoz its beneficiary to the needy one.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks vinaya...its very true, even krishna was not so long with gopis. He was in brag till the age of 11 years 11 months and 11 days. Then he went mathura to kill kans...and most of his youth and last stage was with those who didnt knew him as gopis.

      narad had maid a verse in the name o gopis

      yatha gopika naam

      means the love and devotion in its pure form is gopi.

      the love of gopi is untouched even by krishn's wife rukmani.

      arjun was very innocent but graced in some stage of life with love too. this shows that the one who is in complete love to God has to do nothing else in life except loving him. But the one who has not attained this Divine love form has to struggle a lot. He has to fight a war also as its still interesting to him.

      God runs this world through those people who are desirous in this world, fulfilling which God makes an assets to his world too.

      But the one who knows love and in deep love to him is being served by krishn and his whole world which is in his complete control.

      And thus he enjoys the viyog and milan form of Divine love.

    • Movie Master profile image

      Movie Master 

      7 years ago from United Kingdom

      This is so refreshing for me, to read a subject I know so little about, your writing makes a very interesting read, and the photos compliment well.

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 

      7 years ago from Nepal

      Kali and Krishna are the two interesting symbolism in Hinduism. One is sword and another is flute.

      I loved the way you interpret milan and viyog with the vision of Krishna.

      Radha and gopinis cannot see war in Krishan and Arjuna cannot see love in Krishna.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks frank.....

    • Frank Atanacio profile image

      Frank Atanacio 

      7 years ago from Shelton

      A very good hub-- and those pictures you use just adds to it :) thanks for sharing


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)