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Vital information about Measles

Updated on May 14, 2015
'Ligtas Tigdas' means Philippines is measles free.
'Ligtas Tigdas' means Philippines is measles free.
submit baby for vaccination
submit baby for vaccination
Supportive treatment
Supportive treatment

Measles info for parents

  • Measles infection of children as experienced in the United States before 2011 was not mild.
  • Complications, like pneumonia, encephalitis and seizures would often complicate those cases.
  • Some of the measles-infected kids would not survive. About 0.1 to 0.2 of the cases would die.
  • Thanks to the development and invention of the measles vaccine which has checked the rapid spread and occurrence of the disease.
  • Granting a kid who isn’t vaccinated is infected with measles today, and so fortunate that his case is simple, not complicated. As a parent, what measures would you do to help your child regain back his health in the soonest time possible?
  • Children, even in simple or minor case of measles, can have fever of 103 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit for 5 to 7 days. Remember, they’ll still need good medical attention so that their sickness will not worsen and attain any of the complications named before.
  • Up to now, there’s no specific treatment or antidote for measles.
  • For non-vaccinated children who have contracted measles, treatment is merely supportive and may compose of the following, according to Vincent Iannelli, M.D., a board certified pediatrician and Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics:(1) maintenance of hydration with oral or IV fluids, (2) oxygen, (3) antipyretics, ibuprofen or acetaminophen, for fever control, (4) vitamin A for children with risk factors, such as immunodeficiency, malnutrition, impaired and intestinal absorption, etc., (5) ribavirin, an antiviral medication, is sometimes used for immunocompromised children and those with severe infections.



Helps

• Intravenous therapy [IV therapy or iv therapy, in short] is the infusion of liquid substances directly into a vein. The word intravenous simply means ‘within vein ...’

• The only cure for severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID] is a bone marrow transplant.

• Immunocompromised children are at high risk for developing nosocomial infections which may cause significant morbidity and mortality.

• Nosocomial: Originating or taking place in a hospital, acquired in a hospital, especially in reference to an infection. A hospital-acquired infection, also known as a HAI

• Define Immunocompromised ‘A state of having increased susceptibility to ...’

Face mask
Face mask
Child with measles rash after 4 days
Child with measles rash after 4 days

Tips for parents in treating measles

  • As has been said treatment for measles is merely supportive and a big percentage of parents the world over aren’t prepared having a child suffer a high fever of 103 to 105 degrees for 5 to 7 days, therefore it is vital that parents should stay calm and do the correct thing.
  • The sick child must be attended and his comfort gets topmost attention. Provisions be made not to expose other children to the child who has measles.
  • Measles vaccination may help to prevent measles if given within 72 hours (3 days) of exposure to someone with measles if they are not already immune. This is postexposure vaccination.
  • Put a mask over the sick child's face and nose to minimize his contact with other children, especially infants who are too young to get their first dose of MMR, toddlers and preschoolers who haven't gotten a booster dose, and children with immune system problems.
  • Measles are contagious beginning four days before they develop the measles rash to four days after the rash starts

Measles vaccination in Kaloocan City
Measles vaccination in Kaloocan City
Fund for Measles Program
Fund for Measles Program

Mass measles vaccination in the Philippines

  • In its January 7, 2014 report, the Philippines Department of Health conducts this year’s mass measles vaccination with Health Secretary Enrique T. Ona in the ceremonial lead, joined by Health Undersecretaries Teodoro Herbosa, Janette Loreto Garin and DOH-NCR Director Dr. Eduardo Janairo.
  • Mass measles vaccination starts in identified outbreak areas in Metro Manila.
  • The time frame January to December 14 last year, a total of 1,724 cases with 21 deaths was recorded nationwide.
  • Outbreaks have been noted in Manila, Kalookan, Las Piñas, Malabon, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Taguig, and Valenzuela.

Coriander Plant
Coriander Plant

DOH: 'Kulantro' isn't effective for 'tigdas' [measles]

  • Kulantro is taken from the seeds of the cilantro’ plant. It’s more commonly known as ‘coriander.
  • Health Assistant Secretary and Director of the National Epidiomology Center Dr. Eric Tayag said there’s no basis that drinking kulantro can heal patient’s tigdas.
  • He advised mothers not to brew and make children drink kolantro, which is an ineffective treatment against measles, and instead may become a corrosive when drink.
  • Dr. Tayag added that measles is a contagious viral disease and may cause death when complicated, so he said that parents must bring all children to health centers countrywide for measles vaccination. He emphasized the target ‘not one less’ meaning all and nobody must be left out in the vaccination.
  • Wikipedia: A corrosive substance is one that will destroy and damage other substances with which it comes into contact. It may attack a great variety of materials, including metals and various organic compounds, but people are mostly concerned with its effects on living tissue: it causes chemical burns on contact.
  • Sources: 1) http://pediatrics.about.com/od/measles/a/measles-treatment.htm; 2) http://www.doh.gov.ph/top/node/10823%20.html

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