Vitamins For Pregnancy
Should I take vitamins during pregnancy? Opinions on this topic can differ, from the fact that it’s absolutely necessary to take vitamins at the earliest stages of planning for pregnancy and ending with the fact that they can harm the future baby.
Obstetricians-gynecologists say that vitamins for the future mother are necessary, but first of all, it’s necessary to comply with all the recommendations of doctors. It’s also important not to overdo it to avoid hypervitaminosis, so don’t think that if there are now two of you, then a number of vitamins consumed should simply be doubled. This isn’t true. Of course, you will need more vitamins and other trace elements, but the volume of their consumption doesn’t always equal double.
- The need for vitamin D and folic acid will double;
- The need for vitamin B6 increases by 65%;
- Calcium increases by 50%;
- The need for vitamin C increases by 45%;
- Consumption of vitamin A and iron should be increased by 40%;
- Magnesium - by 35%.
Why Take Vitamins?
Vitamins are needed to maintain a normal metabolic process in the body. During pregnancy, each vitamin and microelement perform a very definite function, answering for the correct development of organs and systems of a small organism.
For example, folic acid is necessary for the normal development of the spinal cord; Iron provides normal hematopoiesis and supplies the body with oxygen; Magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium help the normal formation of the skeleton of the baby, its central nervous system and internal organs.
When Should You Start Taking Vitamins?
Fortunately, preventive medicine continues to strengthen its position, more attention is paid to timely measures to prevent a wide variety of pathologies, including congenital malformations of the fetus. Therefore, specialists involved in reproductive and family planning issues recommend taking folic acid before pregnancy, ideally - three months before conception, and then the entire first trimester of pregnancy. This will avoid the formation of congenital malformations, in particular, neural tube growth, as a result of which the contents of the child's spinal cord in the form of a hernial protrusion leaves the spinal canal.
In addition, in the first trimester of pregnancy, the intake of vitamin E and iodine is recommended, and complex prenatal vitamins are not really necessary, although they may be useful for fighting early toxicosis: nausea and vomiting.
But in the fourth month of pregnancy, there is a need for additional intake of an increased amount of vitamins for the future mother, but obstetricians and gynecologists advise to take breaks: after a month of taking prenatal vitamins, rest for 1-2 weeks.
Vitamins for Pregnancy: Which Ones are Better?
In the period of breastfeeding, the need for vitamins for a young mother is also increased, especially calcium, which is intensely lost when milk is produced. Therefore, it is worthwhile to continue taking prenatal vitamins, but it’s necessary to observe the stool of the baby: in the slightest change, and also when a child develops allergic reactions, the taking of prenatal vitamins should be stopped immediately.
There are a variety of prenatal vitamins, presented today in pharmacies. First of all, it’s important to understand and remember the main thing: there’s no ideal medicine for all future mothers. Each female body in this important and vibrant period of life has its own characteristics, its individual needs.
Therefore, each future mother needs advice from her gynecologist.
- Pregnavit - has in its composition all the necessary vitamins, but doesn’t contain iron or iodine;
- Supradyn - contains a sufficient concentration of folic acid, but not enough calcium dosage and doesn’t contain iodine at all;
- Multitabs Prenatal - enough magnesium, iodine, vitamin A; Folic acid is sufficient for the body if you’re not deficient in it;
- Elevit - it contains a lot of magnesium, which is important for the threat of termination of pregnancy, as well as a sufficient amount of folic acid. Nevertheless, there’s not enough iodine in its composition, therefore, additional iodine-containing vitamins should be taken;
- Materna is a good combination of iodine and folic acid, which makes the vitamin preferable for early pregnancy, but the complex is especially rich in B vitamins and vitamin A, which contributes to the development of allergic reactions;
One a Day Woman's Prenatal
Of course, it’s difficult to get all the necessary vitamins through nutrition throughout the year, but it’s still possible, at least during the summer. Spending sufficient time in the open air, under the sun, eating fresh vegetables and fruits, you can provide yourself and your baby with everything you need.
Especially if the future mother has a tendency toward allergies, remember that multivitamins, by virtue of their multicomponent composition, are still capable of provoking an undesirable allergic reaction in a number of cases.