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What Are Cataracts? When do I need Cataract Surgery?

Updated on April 7, 2014

Cataracts are Normal

Don't be alarmed if you were just diagnosed with cataracts. Everyone eventually develops cataracts ( as long as you live long enough). It is simply a product of age. Other risks associated with cataract formation include sunlight exposure, certain medications and diseases.

What are cataracts? Cataracts are opacifications and cloudiness that develop on the natural lens in your eyes. With time, cataracts cause glare issues, halos at night, diminished color vision, and general difficulty in vision.

Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery has come a long way in recent years. The risks and complications are very minimal. As an outpatient procedure, cataract patients go home the same day and are able to return to work the following day. Eye drops are administered several days before and after surgery.

Benefits of Cataract Surgery:

Many people are choosing to have cataract surgery at an early age because of the benefits achieved. After surgery, most individuals no longer need glasses for their distance vision. Only readers are needed following surgery.

Multifical IOLs (Intraocular lenses)

Many premium IOL options are available to patients interested in achieving clear distance and near vision. These lenses are paid out of pocket (whereas standard cataract surgery is covered by Medicare/medical insurance).

When to Proceed with Surgery

The following indications will lead you towards surgery:

1. Blurry Vision

2. Glare issues

3. Difficulty with night vision/ Halos at night

4. Hazy vision

5. Difficulty adapting from light to dark conditions


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    • btrbell profile image

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      I am so enjoying perusing your hubs! It seems we have more than just our admiration of Oprah in common. I am an optician by trade. Great hub with lots of good information! Voted up and useful!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 5 years ago

      My parents had cataracts due to diabetes complications. Thankfully, the surgery procedures are helpful these days. Great post.

    • breakfastpop profile image

      breakfastpop 5 years ago

      I did have to pay 2,500 for each lens that wasn't covered by insurance.

    • harmony155 profile image

      harmony155 5 years ago from Atlanta, Georgia

      You must have paid a premium for the ReSTOR IOL but I bet it was worth it!

    • breakfastpop profile image

      breakfastpop 5 years ago

      I had Restora lenses put in my eyes and I no longer need glasses of any type. It's great!