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What Is Body Integrity Identity Disorder?

Updated on April 21, 2018

Body Integrity Identity Disorder … Have you heard of it?

Let us meddle with the idea that you may have never heard of this condition before. What is it? Body Integrity Identity Disorder, or BIID, is a disorder where the outwardly perceived identity of the person, which is healthy, mismatches with the mental identity, which is not. In other words, BIID causes an able-bodied person to have a need to be disabled. Cases of BIID have stated that people with this disorder report wanting to be blind, deaf, paralyzed, or, as currently recognized as the most common, have a limb or limbs amputated. I am sure you are thinking "That is bizarre! Who wants to be disabled?!" Well, it really isn’t as wild as it sounds, as we will get to why later on in this article.

Perhaps you have heard of this disorder. Perhaps, you have seen it on videos of ‘Top 5 Rarest Mental Disorders’ or ‘Person Wants To Cut Their Leg Off? WHAT?!?!’ or maybe you have someone who confessed they have this condition to you, and you want to know more about it. Either way, whether you have or have not heard about it, have a negative or positive connotation of it, or are just plain out bored, I am glad you are here taking the time out of your schedule to continue reading what I have to say. For the sake of a clear understanding, BIID is not the result of someone wanting attention, or wanting money from the government, as BIID is a genuine condition where a human, just like you, has their brain telling them that their limb is not theirs, or that one of their healthy functions is not supposed to work (paralysis, deafness, blindness), or both. It is a struggle, a war against one's self, a never ending torture of an unmet need, Body Integrity Identity Disorder is a consistent state of disunity with the brain and the body. BIID can be a never-ending void of misery just as easily as Depression and Anxiety, and it is just as real.

"What about the people who pretend?"

Similar to how a transgender ftm may wear a chest binder, a person with BIID may use crutches, prosthetic limbs, a wheelchair, or other things to aide them with making the visual match their mental picture. Now you may be wondering why people with BIID pretend to be disabled when they physically are not. My question in reply is why do people pretend to be successful at something when they are not? Is that not what the whole phrase "Fake it 'til you make it" means? Cannot see the connection? Allow me to explain. In the eyes of most people, it is a success when the body matches the mental picture of themselves. This is proven from the fact that people have cosmetic surgery, or that people wear clothes that match their identity. It makes sense that one would want to correspond as much as one can with the brain, which can cause other disorders such as Major Depressive Disorder, Body Dysphoric Disorder, many forms of Anxiety Disorders, and so on. In people with BIID are just trying to match the mental picture of themselves, as it is a common goal to be at peace with yourself. In words that the current society may understand better, it is a success to a transgender mtf to wear a dress so that they can feel more comfortable in their own skin while living in a society that says dresses are assigned to girls, because they are a girl, not because they want to be a girl. They want to correspond with the mental picture of themselves, if you think about it, we all do. People just want to be who they are, and similarly, a person with BIID is disabled, and that is who they are. The people with BIID who 'pretend' are trying to feel whole and at peace with themselves, which is something most of humanity strives for.

Causes of BIID

There is not much known about the causes of Body Integrity Identity Disorder. Little research has been put into this disorder as many psychologists deny their patients the actuality that this disorder is real. Partially due to the fact that most people with this disorder hide it in shame, it is unknown how many people have this condition. Therefore, and rightfully so, it has been labeled as a rare condition. Along with the limited amount of research emerges one main theory upon which this condition is not that of a psychiatric disorder, but of a neurological condition where the brain has not properly mapped the body. There are two main reasons why this may happen. Human brains map the body at a young age, which explains the reports of having had the feelings of discomfort from a childhood. Some psychologists believe that BIID is concocted from a child's exposure to people who are disabled, and while in a few cases this seemed to prove correct, it does not appear to hold water as there are cases where the child was not exposed to people with a disability until later in life when the map of the body would have already been fully completed. Another reason could be damage to the right side of the parietal lobe in the brain. Although, with such little research, it is hard to come to a properly accurate conclusion on the causes of BIID.

"This is Absurd!" Well, If you think about it, the brain is absurd

The definition of Absurd is wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate. Try to keep this in mind during this time frame...

An open mind is the key to exploring mental conditions, or really anything to do with the brain. Basically, your brain has to accept itself as a brain in a sense, as well as other brains that are physically like it. The natural phenomenon of the human brain is far beyond it's own comprehension. In other words, our brain can't comprehend itself. We could continue to try and explain this confusing oddity, but I hypothesize that doing so would only tangle the situation further, as well as being increasingly likely to confuse you, the reader, who did not click on this article for a long-winded explanation of the brain. Therefore, as this gray matter inside our skulls is body's most complex organ, science cannot explain all that it can do. We have come quite far since 3000 B.C when medical science was first created, and as this branch of science evolves we broaden our understanding of it. However, up to this date, we have not cracked the code of the human brain. Not even close.

So tell me, who's brain has the right to say another brain is right or wrong? Who's gray matter confined inside a skull gets the privilege of blabbering what it perceives as what is real and what is not and condemn anyone who thinks differently? In all actuality, no one, no brain no thought or scientific process made by a brain, can entirely and accurately deny another brain, which is equally as complex in different ways as the first mentioned brain, of what they perceive as real or that is real in reality just not understood.

Confused yet?

This masterpiece of well-rounded confusion simply proves one point, the human brain is absurd.

Bizarre or Misunderstood?

Our world is constantly changing. Body Integrity Identity Disorder may seem bizarre in this day in age, however, at one point in time transgenderism was considered bizarre and unnatural and people asked questions like "who wants to be transgender?", thinking that it only caused problems for the individual. Now you are probably thinking "Being transgender is not a choice, it is a need" Can you see where this is going? If you go back and review the first paragraph, you will find the description used was that of a need to be disabled. Though on other sites portraying this condition have described it as a strong desire, or a want, I simply find this information as misleading and incorrect. In most people with BIID, it is described as a need from birth. Many people suffering from this condition have stated that they should have been born with the disability. If you attempt to look deeper into the condition, you are sure to find that people with BIID may state that it is a desire, or a want, but my research concludes that the real pull towards the person's true identity is a need of fulfillment and wholeness. This comes to the conclusion upon which BIID is a misunderstood disorder, and that there is a possibility, which is highly probable, that one day the world will grow to accept people with BIID as the medical realm reaches its peak in the understanding Body Integrity Identity Disorder.

How do you feel about Body Integrity Identity Disorder?

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© 2018 Luca Belladonna

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