ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What Is Obesity? Types, Causes, Effects And Management

Updated on January 5, 2013


WHAT IS OBESITY?

Obesity, which is a major health issue in the developed countries, is increasing day-by-day. This is regarded as a pandemic which is giving its lethal hazardous effects on human health. Obesity is defined as accumulation of adipose tissue in such a quantity so as to impair the health. Assessment of obesity can be given through BMI calculation. BMI (Body Mass Index) can be calculated as follows:

BMI = Weight (kg)

Divided By

Height (meters square)

The normal BMI range is 18.5-25 kg/m2 (varies in different countries)

The BMI above 30kg/m2 are classified as obese. Those with BMI between 25-30kg/m2 are taken as people who are over-weight.

TYPES OF OBESITY

CENTRAL OBESITY

This type of obesity can also be called as abdominal, visceral, android or apple-shaped obesity. It is basically the type of obesity in which there is increased abdominal fat. The people with central obesity have a higher risk of acquiring heart diseases and diabetes type 2. This type is more commonly observed in men.

GENERALIZED OBESITY

This type can also be called as gynoid or pear-shaped obesity. It is more commonly associated with women. In this there is fat accumulation within the subcutaneous tissue.

CAUSES OF OBESITY

Obesity can occur due to multiple factors;

  • Recent research has proven complex neural mechanisms that control appetite and this is from where the weight loss and weight occurs. Obesity can also result from genetic influences such as severe childhood obesity which is very rarely seen.
  • Too much intake of saturated fats leads to fat deposition, which causes obesity. Saturated fats include fats that have animal origin. Unsaturated fats, which come from a plant origin, should be preferred.
  • Eating too much and less energy consumption can lead to a miss balance which in turn leads to fat deposition leading to obesity. Lack of exercise and excessive food intake can lead to obesity as well so there should be a balance in a person's food requirement and the amount of work he/she has per day.
  • High consumption of cholesterol is also a major factor contributing to obesity.
  • Lack of activity including; lack of sports, walking etc. also contributes to obesity.

EFFECTS OF OBESITY

  • Severe obesity with waist circumference greater than 102cm in men or greater than 88cm in women, indicates high risk of heart complications. This includes the increased chances of a person to suffer from Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) which is the blockage of the coronary artery which supplies blood to the heart muscle which reduces the blood supply to the heart muscle which can cause heart attack.
  • Its may cause hypertension leading to stroke.
  • Due to the increased weight cause varicose veins (as seen in the picture).
  • Obesity is directly associated with the greatly increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • The probability of gall stones is six times more common in obese than lean people.
  • Obese people suffer from joint diseases because their increased weight puts extra and unwanted load on their weight-bearing joints.

TREATMENT OF OBESITY

The management plan should vary in accordance with the severity of the obesity. Initiatives in reducing weight include;

  • By promoting healthy eating in schools, enhancing walking, walking.
  • To consume unsaturated fats which are extracted from plants, rather than saturated fats which are extracted from animals.
  • To eat a generous amount of fruits and vegetables, of a wide range.
  • Eating fish, which is rich in omega-3 fatty acid.
  • Consume enough fiber.
  • Increase exercise rate per day.
  • Usage of very low calorie diets are recommended for short term rapid weight-loss, producing losses of 1.5-2.5kg per week compared to 0.5kg per week on conventional regimes, but requires the supervision of an experienced physician.
  • Also, regular support from a dietitian is helpful.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      khalida khan 

      20 months ago

      very well

    • profile image

      annu 

      3 years ago

      Thanks.... got lotts off information... it I'll really help us...

    • profile image

      nidhi 

      3 years ago

      Take to according to required nutrients food .

    • profile image

      Obesity.... needforhealth.wordpress.com 

      5 years ago

      Nice piece of work . Thanks for sharing .

    • Daniya Sheikh profile imageAUTHOR

      Daniya Sheikh 

      5 years ago from Karachi

      No problem! And thanks for the vote!

    • cuttler profile image

      Cuttler 

      5 years ago from HubPages

      Thanks for the info. Learned a bit more about obesity today. Voted up as useful.

    • Daniya Sheikh profile imageAUTHOR

      Daniya Sheikh 

      5 years ago from Karachi

      No problem, I'll always be there to help people :)

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 

      5 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      It's time to really take care of our bodies. It's not only to look good but the most important thing is to hurdle all the troubles in trying to be fit and healthy.

      Thanks for sharing your hub. :)

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)