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What You Need to Know About Anxiety

Updated on September 14, 2017

What is Anxiety?

Everyone experiences some sort of anxiety in their lifetime. A problem arises when the anxiety begins to interfere with your day to day life. Anxiety is often marked by a feeling of being overwhelmed, a constant feeling that something is wrong, feeling that you are going crazy, or being afraid to do something because you're afraid of failure. All of these feelings can appear all at once or individually. If you have a problem with anxiety, you want it gone. There's nothing worse than feeling like you're not yourself, which is a feeling far too common for those dealing with anxiety.

What Causes Anxiety?

There are a variety of reasons why anxiety occurs. Some of these reasons include:

  • Environmental factors
  • Genetics
  • Medical Factors
  • Substance Abuse
  • Brain Chemistry

One thing is certain in regards to anxiety is that all of the above are and can be affected by different types of stress, which is the main factor that causes anxiety.

5 Medical Treatments that Work to Reduce Anxiety

In order to combat anxiety and all of its symptoms, there are a variety of treatment options available to those seeking help for dealing with anxiety. A person can use a combination of these treatments to find the one that best suits their needs. The following is a list of the treatments that have been proven to be effective for the treatment of anxiety.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Medications
  • Medication and Therapy
  • Self Treatment



Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for anxiety and anxiety disorders. That's because the therapist allows the patient to pinpoint negative thought patterns that lead to anxiety. The therapist works one on one with the patient in trying to change these negative thought patterns into more productive thoughts.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is another form of counseling that has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety and anxiety disorders. This form of therapy enables the patient to talk with the therapist freely about their anxiety and the issues they are having in dealing with their anxiety. The therapist and the patient then work on a solution that will better help the patient with their anxiety.

Medications

There are a variety of medications that are used to treat anxiety and anxiety disorders. Some of these include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Tricyclics
  • Beta-blockers

Antidepressants, otherwise known as SSRI's are commonly used to treat anxiety, even though they were originally designed to treat depression. But as we've seen, depression and anxiety often go hand in hand, therefore, it can be used to treat both symptoms.

Benzodiazepines have been used in the past to treat anxiety, but due to their addictive nature, many doctors choose to go with another type of medication.

Tricyclics, are slightly older than SSRI's and they have been known to effectively treat anxiety disorder. The only problem with these is that there are many side effects.

Beta-blockers, block norepinephrine and adrenaline from beta receptors on nerves. This induces a calming effect in the person.

Medicine and Therapy

The most effective form of treatment is dual therapy. This means the patient takes medication at the same time of receiving some sort of counseling treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy tends to be the most successful treatment when paired with medication to treat anxiety disorders.

Self-Treatment

  • Caffeine Consumption
  • Take Deep Breaths
  • Visualization Exercises

If you have a problem with anxiety you may want to look at how much caffeine you are drinking every day. Too much caffeine can increase heart rate and increase alertness, making it much more difficult to relax and unwind.

Another self-treatment that is effective for treating anxiety disorder is taking deep breaths. Whenever you feel like an anxiety attack is near, take time out and learn the art of deep breathing. This calms the body and the mind.

Another self-treatment you can practice is visualization exercises. Close your eyes and picture yourself somewhere peaceful. Fixate on this scene for a few minutes when you're feeling anxious and this will enable you to calm down and feel centered.

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