What is Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Explained
Diabetes is a problem in the body that causes blood glucose (blood sugar) levels to rise above normal levels; this is also known as hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes results from the body (specifically the pancreas) no longer being able to produce the hormone insulin that regulates the blood glucose levels. The more common form of diabetes however is that of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the result of the body no longer being able to properly use insulin. The body, specifically the pancreas produces very little insulin or the body does not respond appropriately to insulin, better known as insulin resistance. When the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or properly recognize and use the insulin properly, the glucose from processing food is unable to enter the body’s cells to be used for energy. Rather the glucose builds up in the bloodstream which can cause damage to the body and its organs, while also preventing the body to function properly.
Even though type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in the world compared to type 1 diabetes, the causes of type 2 diabetes are less understood than the causes of type 1 diabetes. Understanding the cause of type 2 diabetes continues to be highly important due to the fact that so many people in the world suffer from it. Originally known as adult-onset diabetes, it is now better categorized as insulin resistant diabetes because either the body does not produce enough insulin or it is unable to use the insulin to the fullest extent. In this day and age, more and more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes negating the name of adult-onset diabetes.
What is Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes in Children
The greatest risk factor for type 2 diabetes in children is being overweight. The obesity epidemic in the US has grown immensely as nearly one out of every five children is considered overweight. An overweight child has a greater chance to develop type 2 diabetes – in fact the changes are more than doubled. Additionally as it is seen in adults, the risk of type 2 diabetes in children displays a positive correlation associated with excess abdominal weight with the obesity pattern increasing the likelihood of insulin resistance and the chance of type 2 diabetes.
Risk Facors for Type 2 Diabetes
Anyone can get Type 2 Diabetes, not just children however it is more prevalent and more likely to occur in people that are obese and overweight. It is believed that type 2 diabetes has a strong genetic link meaning that it tends to run in families. In fact several genes are being currently studied to determine whether there is a relationship to the cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes risk factors including the following:
- Being obese and overweight
- Having a sedentary lifestyle
- Do not exercise
- Female gender
- Have had gestational diabetes
- Gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
- Have family members who have type 2 diabetes
- Have prediabetes
- Have low HDL cholesterol
- High triglycerides (fat levels)
- Have high blood pressure (hypertension)
- High alcohol intake
Being a member of certain racial/ethnic groups also have an impact and increased chance for type 2 diabetes. American Indian, African-American, Asian, or Hispanic/Latino all have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites.
Aging is another significant factor that has an increased effect on the risk factor of type 2 diabetes. At age 45, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes begins to rise significantly and even more so after age 65.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
In regards to controlling type 2 diabetes, one needs to first recognize it. According to the Diabetes Forecast:
Many people who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes aren’t aware of it, according to a survey conducted by the American Diabetes Association. Researchers called almost 1,500 people, ages 40 and older, and asked them about health factors related to type 2 diabetes risk, such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and physical activity. Seven out of 10 people who had type 2 diabetes risk factors did not realize they were at risk.
Most people with type 2 diabetes will have no symptoms but when symptoms do occur, they vary from person to person and my include the following:
- Increased thirst and hunger
- Unexplained weight loss even though you are eating and feel hungry
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and possible vomiting
- Increase urination
- Fatigued feeling (weak/tired)
- Blurred vision
- Numbness/tingling of the hands and/or feet
- Slow healing sores
- Infections of the skin, urinary tract or vagina
Typically, type 2 diabetes is not diagnosed until health complications become present. In most cased, there are no prevalent diabetes symptoms or at most, a gradual development of the above symptoms. About a third of all people that have type 2 diabetes do not know they have the disease.
Type 2 Diabetes
Do you know anyone with type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes Links
- Type 2 Diabetes: Everything You Need to Know
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Learn about causes, symptoms, & more from the site doctors prescribe the most.
- Diabetes mellitus type 2 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2: a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia.
- Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More
Learn more about type 2 diabetes, once called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, the most common form of the disease.
- Type 2 Diabetes by the American Diabetes Association
Familiarize yourself with the risks, causes, symptoms, and treatments for the increasingly common disease of type 2 diabetes.