ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is Type 2 Diabetes

Updated on March 18, 2014

Type 2 Diabetes Explained

Diabetes is a problem in the body that causes blood glucose (blood sugar) levels to rise above normal levels; this is also known as hyperglycemia. Type 1 diabetes results from the body (specifically the pancreas) no longer being able to produce the hormone insulin that regulates the blood glucose levels. The more common form of diabetes however is that of type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the result of the body no longer being able to properly use insulin. The body, specifically the pancreas produces very little insulin or the body does not respond appropriately to insulin, better known as insulin resistance. When the body isn’t able to produce enough insulin or properly recognize and use the insulin properly, the glucose from processing food is unable to enter the body’s cells to be used for energy. Rather the glucose builds up in the bloodstream which can cause damage to the body and its organs, while also preventing the body to function properly.

Even though type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in the world compared to type 1 diabetes, the causes of type 2 diabetes are less understood than the causes of type 1 diabetes. Understanding the cause of type 2 diabetes continues to be highly important due to the fact that so many people in the world suffer from it. Originally known as adult-onset diabetes, it is now better categorized as insulin resistant diabetes because either the body does not produce enough insulin or it is unable to use the insulin to the fullest extent. In this day and age, more and more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes negating the name of adult-onset diabetes.

What is Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes in Children

The greatest risk factor for type 2 diabetes in children is being overweight. The obesity epidemic in the US has grown immensely as nearly one out of every five children is considered overweight. An overweight child has a greater chance to develop type 2 diabetes – in fact the changes are more than doubled. Additionally as it is seen in adults, the risk of type 2 diabetes in children displays a positive correlation associated with excess abdominal weight with the obesity pattern increasing the likelihood of insulin resistance and the chance of type 2 diabetes.

Risk Facors for Type 2 Diabetes

Anyone can get Type 2 Diabetes, not just children however it is more prevalent and more likely to occur in people that are obese and overweight. It is believed that type 2 diabetes has a strong genetic link meaning that it tends to run in families. In fact several genes are being currently studied to determine whether there is a relationship to the cause of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes risk factors including the following:

  • Being obese and overweight
  • Having a sedentary lifestyle
  • Do not exercise
  • Female gender
  • Have had gestational diabetes
  • Gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • Have family members who have type 2 diabetes
  • Have prediabetes
  • Have low HDL cholesterol
  • High triglycerides (fat levels)
  • Have high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High alcohol intake

Being a member of certain racial/ethnic groups also have an impact and increased chance for type 2 diabetes. American Indian, African-American, Asian, or Hispanic/Latino all have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites.

Aging is another significant factor that has an increased effect on the risk factor of type 2 diabetes. At age 45, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes begins to rise significantly and even more so after age 65.

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

In regards to controlling type 2 diabetes, one needs to first recognize it. According to the Diabetes Forecast:

Many people who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes aren’t aware of it, according to a survey conducted by the American Diabetes Association. Researchers called almost 1,500 people, ages 40 and older, and asked them about health factors related to type 2 diabetes risk, such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and physical activity. Seven out of 10 people who had type 2 diabetes risk factors did not realize they were at risk.

Most people with type 2 diabetes will have no symptoms but when symptoms do occur, they vary from person to person and my include the following:

  • Increased thirst and hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss even though you are eating and feel hungry
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and possible vomiting
  • Increase urination
  • Fatigued feeling (weak/tired)
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness/tingling of the hands and/or feet
  • Slow healing sores
  • Infections of the skin, urinary tract or vagina
  • Headaches

Typically, type 2 diabetes is not diagnosed until health complications become present. In most cased, there are no prevalent diabetes symptoms or at most, a gradual development of the above symptoms. About a third of all people that have type 2 diabetes do not know they have the disease.

Type 2 Diabetes

Do you know anyone with type 2 diabetes?

See results

Type 2 Diabetes Statistics



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • bigfeet profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from California

      Take a look at my tumblr:

    • bigfeet profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from California

      Hi Question&Answer,

      Thanks for sharing your experience with Type 2 Diabetes. As it is becoming a bigger epidemic worldwide, the only way to battle it is by arming ourselves with knowledge!

      Thank you for the encouragement and the read!

    • QuestionandAnswer profile image

      Bex Walton 

      4 years ago from Kent, UK

      Great hub! I think it is extremely important that diabetes is a topic that people know more about. My father was diagnosed with T2D 5 years ago now and it completely turned my family upside down. Probably because none of us really knew what it was or how to deal with it. He's good at looking after himself now, but it would've been nice to be more informed at the start - it would've saved lots of hospital trips.

      Thanks again for the great hub!

    • bigfeet profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from California

      Hi Married2Medicine,

      Thanks for the encouragement! It feels great to know that people read and appreciate the Hubs I write. I look forward to writing more to get my creative juices flowing!

    • married2medicine profile image

      Funom Theophilus Makama 

      4 years ago from Europe

      great hub... Hoping to read more creative contents from you. Well said and I just can't agree more.


    • profile image

      Sally Pe 

      4 years ago

      Good explanation on T2D! Thanks.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)