ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is polyneuropathy?

Updated on September 23, 2017
Arsh Aiman profile image

is a freelance writer with 4 years of experience in writing blogs and articles in every niche.

This disease, polyneuropathy effect nerves, organs and muscles. The damage of nerves causes them to become unable to send signals to your brain. However, the good news is that the nerves in your brain and spinal cord are not damaged.


Polyneuropathy is classified into two major categories:

Acute polyneuropathy

Acute polyneuropathy happens when the symptoms are severe and you get the disease suddenly. When the infection damages the nerve or when the auto-immune reaction takes place then this type of polyneuropathy occurs. Any specific kind of disorder such as Guillain-Barré syndrome can also contribute as the cause of this disease. The acute cases of polyneuropathy can usually be treated in short time span.

Chronic polyneuropathy

When the symptoms last for a long time and cannot be treated quickly then this form of neuropathy is known as chronic polyneuropathy. Diabetes or kidney failure may lead to the development of this condition. However, the causes of chronic polyneuropathy can be numerous. The cause is not always manifest and its sometimes difficult to figure out the cause. Often it happens without any cause at all.

Symptoms of polyneuropathy

Symptoms of polyneuropathy can differ according to the cause. The most common symptoms include:

  • Paresthesia: that is the condition in which random and bizarre sensations are experienced.
  • Sharp and sudden pain in any part of the body
  • Distal polyneuropathy characterized by burning or tingling sensations in your feet and your hands
  • Allodynia a condition in which a person feels extremely sensitive to the touch
  • Numbness of any part of the body
  • Atrophied muscles causing your legs and arms to feel weak
  • Being unable to walk straight which can cause you to stumble and fall
  • Trouble swallowing the food.

What causes polyneuropathy?

Polyneuropathy can be caused by genetic, acquired and Idiopathic factors.

Idiopathic is a term that is used when the causes of development of certain disease are unknown and the health practitioners are unable to pinpoint the causes.

Acquired polyneuropathy is caused by the development of the disease due to the factors outside the body, simply put external factors, such as the traumatic injury caused by an accident or falling down etc or an infection of grave nature. The underlying condition that was left untreated can also cause polyneuropathy such as vitamin deficiency, cancer, diabetes and other illnesses that may cause complications.

The genetic or hereditary polyneuropathy as the name suggests is passed on to the patient by their parents. This type of condition usually leads to slow and gradual nerve damage such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

In addition, there can be several different factors that cause acute forms to develop.

These factors include certain insecticides, autoimmune disorders in which your body cells attack the myelin sheath on your nerve cells, antibiotics, sedatives and anticonvulsants. The cancers such as multiple myloma that affect multiple parts of the body also cause this condition.

Chronic forms usually do not have any specific causes but certain factors can contribute to the development of chronic polyneuropathy.

  • Drinking a lot of alcohol is one of the causes,
  • fluctuation in blood sugar levels and diabetes,
  • exposure to heavy metals,
  • nutritional and vitamin deficiencies,
  • failure of kidneys, condition of hypothyroidism,
  • and some cancers such as lung cancer,

All these factors are responsible for the development of polyneuropathy.

How to get rid of it?

To get rid of this disease you must first determine the cause of this condition. Then, you need to identify the parts of your body where it is taking place. In some or most of the cases, pain killers are given to the patient to provide relief from the excruciating pain that is caused due to the nerve damage. The drugs that are given may include non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs.

Changes in lifestyle

Changing habits and modifying your lifestyle may help you to treat polyneuropathy. Avoiding alcohol or joining a rehab for getting rid of alcohol addiction and avoiding the specific repetitive task may provide you some relief from this disease.

If a certain toxic or chemical such as metal, pesticides etc is the cause of your condition, then the health care practitioner may suggest ways to limit your exposure to it.

For severe injuries

If you have developed polyneuropathy as a result of an injury then your doctor may suggest physical therapy and refer you to a physiotherapist for a physiotherapy session. He will help you regain the full control over your body and be able to move your body parts freely once again. You may also learn that how to manage the body pains and sensations that are being caused by the nerve damage.

Disorder caused due to autoimmune conditions

If an autoimmune condition is the cause of polyneuropathy, then your physical health practitioner may suggest alternative therapies and treatments. These may include the use of corticosteroids, direct injection of immune globulin into your veins, exchange of plasma that may remove the toxins from your blood.

What to watch out for

The overall health of an individual determines his risk factors for developing a certain disease. If a person has Diabetes, kidney or liver disorders, alcohol addiction, autoimmune disorder, severe infections such as HIV, lyme and shingles or the jobs that require repetitive movement of body parts; then they are at the risk of developing polyneuropathy.


One can prevent nerve damage from happening by checking for the early signs and symptoms of the disease. Watch out for your symptoms before they start messing up with your life. This is one of the sure fire ways to stay away from this debilitating disease.

© 2017 WriterAimz


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)