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Prostate Cancer Treatment

Updated on July 21, 2009

What is the best prostate cancer treatment? Unfortunately, the answer isn’t that simple. There is no optimal treatment for everybody because treatment options vary from person to person. Despite these facts, one often used “treatment” is watchful waiting, which is simply acting upon the cancer if it progresses far enough. Sometimes, the side-effects of treating the prostate cancer with things such as surgery are not worth it, which is why watchful weighting is a popular option. For example, one treatment option is removing the testicles, which can have severe emotional consequences. Most men who die with prostate cancer do not die because of the cancer, but because of unrelated causes such as a heart attack. However, if the person with prostate cancer is in their 40s or 50s, it makes much more sense to attack the cancer more aggressively.

Aside from watchful waiting, techniques used to actually reduce the cancer include radiation therapy, surgery, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy (only for those whose prostate cancer is in the advanced stages or keeps on reappearing), and other treatments. The best treatment for prostate cancer depends on factors such as age, seriousness of the cancer, and response to the cancer after initial treatment.

Although, which prostate cancer treatment option is hard to decide, exactly what are the available options if the prostate cancer is in its earlier stages? In other words, it is only contained in the prostate gland? As already mentioned before, the options include, but are not limited to, watchful waiting, radiation therapy, and surgery. Surgery involved taking the prostate gland out. However, before taking out the prostate gland the surgeon has to make sure that the lymph nodes are not infected. Potential complications from surgery include erectile dysfunction, leakage of urine from the bladder involuntary, and nerve damage. Radiation therapy has similar side effects.

The more advanced the prostate cancer is (the more it has spread) the more treatment options are considered.

One prostate cancer treatment, which has been getting some attention in the news is High Intensity Focused Ultrasound, which has been shown to be as effective as surgery without the harsh side-effects. Regardless, doctors can’t say that this is the “best prostate cancer treatment” because treatments vary significantly from individual to individual.

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