ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What to Expect in the 5th Week of Pregnancy

Updated on October 22, 2012

The Baby at 5 Weeks Pregnant

The embryo undergoes major changes at 5 weeks of pregnancy. All the cell layers are in place to create the baby's organs.
The embryo undergoes major changes at 5 weeks of pregnancy. All the cell layers are in place to create the baby's organs. | Source

Five Weeks Pregnant

Symptoms of pregnancy may start to become evident around the fifth week of pregnancy. At this point, a woman's menstrual cycle will be one week late, and the embryo will be three weeks old from the point of conception.

Some foods may seem suddenly unappealing, even if they looked appetizing minutes before. Frequent trips to the bathroom due to frequent urination are another common complaint, along with overwhelming fatigue.

The baby is making dramatic changes this week, changing from a spherical configuration to a symmetrical, elongated gastrula. The cell layers responsible for all organ formation are present this week, and the embryo is particularly fragile and susceptible to environmental toxins.

Pregnancy Symptoms at Five Weeks

What pregnancy symptom was the worst during early pregnancy?

See results

Pregnancy Symptoms at 5 Weeks

  • Nausea is a common complaint in early pregnancy. Not all women experience morning sickness, but a significant proportion of women will experience an aversion to some foods, nausea, or even vomiting.
  • Fatigue is often extreme in early pregnancy, and many women will find themselves taking naps or seeking an early bedtime.
  • The increasing size of the uterus and hormonal changes may cause frequent urination.
  • Bloating may make pants feel tight.
  • Some women will feel pinching and pulling sensations this week.
  • Sore breasts are a common complaint, due to the hormonal changes in early pregnancy.

Gastrulation Animation

Baby's Development in the 5th Week

Many significant changes occur to the embryo during its third week of life (the fifth week of pregnancy, as dated from the last menstrual cycle). The embryo completely changes shape, going from a spherical ball of cells to a flattened structure known as the gastrula.

The embryo forms three separate layers: the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. Organ systems like the lungs and intestines will arise from the endoderm, muscles and blood cells will come from the mesoderm, and skin and the nervous system are derived from the ectoderm.

The embryo also forms the primitive streak at this stage of development, which forms an axis for the embryo. This point is the beginning of gastrulation, and the mesoderm and endoderm migrate to their final positions within the embryo.

The notochord also forms during this week, along the axis created during gastrulation. The vertebrae (spinal column) will form around the notochord, which is present from day 17 of life until the beginning of the second month of development.

The neural crest and neural tube also form this week, as the neural plate of the embryo forms a neural tube. The neural crest cells will give rise to many cell types, including bone, cartilage, pigment, muscle and nerve cells.

Ultrasound at 5 Weeks of Pregnancy

An ultrasound shows the "double ring" sign of a gestational sac and yolk sac. This is commonly seen on ultrasounds performed during the 5th week of pregnancy.
An ultrasound shows the "double ring" sign of a gestational sac and yolk sac. This is commonly seen on ultrasounds performed during the 5th week of pregnancy. | Source

Cramping or Bleeding at Five Weeks Pregnant

Spotting is a common concern at this stage of pregnancy. Mild pinching and pulling sensations are often normal, but severe cramping is not typical. In addition, sometimes spotting is due to "old blood" from implantation, but any bright red bleeding or spotting should be reported to a physician promptly. Approximately 50% of pregnancies that have spotting in early pregnancy go on to have healthy babies, while the other half do experience an early miscarriage.

A physician will be able to order a viability ultrasound, which can determine uterine lining thickness and determine the presence of a gestational sac at this stage of a pregnancy. Sometimes a yolk sac or fetal pole are visible, showing the presence of the embryo. The heartbeat is not typically observed until around six weeks of pregnancy, so the scan may be repeated in a week's time to monitor the baby.

In addition to an ultrasound, the doctor may order blood work to determine the concentration of beta human chorionic gonadotropin, or beta hCG. This hormone is produced in pregnancy and should double every 2-3 days. By taking blood draws over the course of a few days, the doctor can tell if the hormone levels are rising as they should, or if a miscarriage is impending.

Avoid Toxins in Early Pregnancy

Stay away from deli meats and soft cheeses: these food items may carry a bacteria called Listeria, which is extremely harmful for the embryo. Listeriosis causes miscarriage in early pregnancy and fetal death in later pregnancy. While it is not common in the United States, any exposure could be devastating and the risk is simply not worth it. Instead of ordering a sandwich with deli meat, try ordering a version with cooked meat.

Do not smoke or drink in early pregnancy, as both can cause birth defects or intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR), which harms the development of the baby.

Don't take any medication without consulting your physician to determine if it is safe. Drugs are classified into an alphabetical labeling system which states the known risk level to a developing baby. Class A drugs are drugs which have been studied and do not demonstrate any harm to an embryo or fetus, and Class D, Class X, and Class N drugs are known to cause harm to the developing baby.

Most doctors will allow a woman to take regular strength acetominophen (Tylenol) for headaches.

Pharmaceutical Pregnancy Categories

Drug Class
Definition
Drug Examples
A
No evidence of harm or risk to the developing baby.
Folic acid
B
Animal studies show risk while human studies do not, OR animal studies show the drug is safe, but the drug has not been studied in human pregnancies.
Amoxicillin, acetaminophen
C
There are insufficient studies of the drug in pregnant humans, though animal studies show risk. Some drugs in this category may be used in pregnancy if the benefit outweighs the risk.
Theophylline, Sudafed
D
Harm has been demonstrated to a fetus in human pregnancies, though the drug may still be used if the benefits outweigh the risk.
Lithium, chemotherapy drugs
X
Birth defects and damage to the fetus have been documented and the risks do not outweigh any potential benefit.
Thalidomide, Accutane

Toxoplasmosis and Pregnancy

Toxoplasma gondii, as seen in a brain biopsy. This organism is found in soil and in cat litter, and can cause miscarriage or birth defects to a developing baby.
Toxoplasma gondii, as seen in a brain biopsy. This organism is found in soil and in cat litter, and can cause miscarriage or birth defects to a developing baby. | Source

Preventive Health Measures for Pregnant Women

The embryo is extremely fragile at this state of development,and environmental toxins and infectious diseases may cause miscarriage or birth defects. There are a number of measures pregnant women can take to prevent exposure to many viruses and parasites:

  • Get a flu shot. Influenza, particularly the H1N1 virus, has been known to cause miscarriage.
  • Avoid changing the cat litter. Toxoplasmosis, a parasite carried by cats, is known to cause miscarriage or birth defects.
  • Do not eat soft cheeses, uncooked deli meats, and wash all fruit and vegetables before consumption. Listeria, a bacteria that lives in unpasteurized dairy products and in the soil, can cause fetal death.
  • Wash your hands frequently, particularly if you work in a daycare facility or around small children. Cytomegalovirus and Parvovirus are two viruses that are known to cause birth defects or miscarriage in pregnant women.
  • Ensure all of your vaccinations are up-to-date. Rubella is another virus that can wreak havoc on a developing baby.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      4 months ago from Western New York

      I remember those weeks well, Sophia! I was lucky and by 12 weeks my nausea had mostly dissipated - I hope you are through the icky stage soon, too. Pregnancy affects everyone differently and this part can be a real challenge. I survived on Otter Pops (the frozen ice pops) for weeks with my first child as it was the only thing I could keep down!

    • profile image

      Sophia1990 

      4 months ago

      6 weeks in and I throw up From chicken pot pie!! Get nauseous from carrot cake, chicken nuggets, grilled cheese and tomato soup. Breasts are so sore and only feel better in a sports bra. Bloating. My feet were swollen the other day. Been craving sweets but every time I get one in me I get nauseous from it. Being pregnant is tricky right now I feel like. I have no idea what’s going to set me off and what will not.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      4 years ago from Western New York

      Joyce, I hope you have determined whether you are pregnant or not by now - one thing you can ask for is a blood test called a beta hCG test. This will determine how much pregnancy hormone (if any) is in your system. There are many reasons for a missed period, so it is important to seek medical advice if your cycles aren't typical and/or if you suspect a pregnancy.

    • profile image

      joyce 

      4 years ago

      Gud ev.im joyce.my last period was march 24.then april missed period.now may end no menstrual period.actived in sex.but i used pregnancytest said negative.do i am pregnant? Please help.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      4 years ago from Western New York

      Ana Maple, the only way to determine if you are pregnant is to take a pregnancy test and to see a doctor to confirm any potential pregnancy.

    • profile image

      Ana Maple 

      4 years ago

      I had my period for 1day do that mean I'm pregnant.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      6 years ago from Western New York

      The early weeks are the most exciting (and the most fragile) for the baby's development. So many things happen in the first twelve weeks! I am trying to get the rest of the hubs written - I need a time machine to get them all done quickly, lindacee!

    • lindacee profile image

      lindacee 

      6 years ago from Arizona

      Another great Hub about the stages of pregnancy. I didn't realize how critical each week was in development. I think is this a wonderful idea for a Hub series! Can't wait to read more! :)

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      6 years ago from Western New York

      I love Western NY, swetypie1968! We live in Jamestown, and I love raising my boys in a place so filled with nature. Of course, the winter months are long and hard for me (I'm a Southern California native)!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      Thanks for the information, Audra. I try to eat only the better, natural brand of deli meats now, if at all.

    • sweetypie1968 profile image

      sweetypie1968 

      6 years ago

      This is quite interesting. My baby making days are also long behind me, but I just wanted to say "hello" since you also live here in Western New York.

    • leahlefler profile imageAUTHOR

      Leah Lefler 

      6 years ago from Western New York

      Many cheese varieties are OK, teaches12345 - Mozzarella, cheddar, American - only the soft cheeses like Brie are potentially dangerous. The biggest danger comes from unpasteurized milk (with respect to Listeriosis), though the condition is not common. I just avoided Subway Subs and other sandwiches with deli meats until I had delivered - the risks, while rare, are devastating if the mother does ingest Listeria!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      Even though I am past this stage of life, I find reading this so educational and fascinating. I am sure many women are benefiting from this read. I had a miscarriage in my twenties and I wonder if some of the tips you posted had anything to do with it. I loved cheese back then and deli meats. Can't second guess it now, but it's really something to think about for future moms. Voted way up!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)