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What to expect during pregnancy

Updated on May 11, 2020
Help yourself and your baby
Help yourself and your baby

What to expect during pregnancy?

Pleasant emotions during pregnancy is unfortunately associated with some unpleasant moments, which in most cases are inevitable. Here are some of the most frequent difficulties, faced by new moms:

Morning nausea: Morning nausea and vomiting in many cases are among the first symptoms of pregnancy. They appear around 4-6 weeks of pregnancy and decreased or disappeared in 12, 14 or 16 weeks when finished the main part of organs development of the baby. From Morning nausea suffer about 70-80% of pregnant women. Nausea is not always accompanied by vomiting. The reasons for their appearance is most often determined by the increased amount of hormones, low blood sugar, and changes in metabolism. In most cases this does not affect the baby, on the contrary, according to many experts is even better characteristic for development. Don't be worry if you don't have these symptoms it is perfectly OK.

In some cases, women may suffer from very severe form of nausea and vomiting. This condition can lead to dehydration, weight loss, inadequate intake of foods. This is dangerous for both mother and baby and requires mandatory supervision by a physician, and in most cases required hospitalization.


How we can alleviate the situation?

  • do not get up sharply out of bed in the morning,
  • try to rest during the day,
  • Do not lie down right after eating a meal,
  • Eat more frequently, small amount of food,
  • be sure to always get some fresh air,
  • drink liquids ½ hour before or after but not during meal,
  • Drink plenty of fluids during the day,
  • Don't be afraid to ask family members and friends for help. Let them cook for you and you go for a walk.
  • Avoid smells which you makes you ill,
  • Avoid greasy and spicy foods,
  • Eat more raw fruits and vegetables,
  • Drinking peppermint tea and ginger also work well,
  • When you feel sick, use lemon, mint candy or soda,
  • Do not skip meals - empty stomach also causes nausea,
  • Keep in your purse salty sticks or biscuit,
  • Avoid tobacco smoke and smoking itself,
  • Never take any medicines without consulting your gynecologist!

Headache

Quite frequent discomfort throughout pregnancy, most often at the beginning and the end of the pregnancy.

The reasons for it may be: stress, insufficient sleep, high or low blood pressure, low blood sugar, hunger, fatigue, depression. The good news for migraine sufferers during pregnancy is that , its frequency and intensity will likely decrease after labor.

How we can alleviate the situation? 

  • Avoid consumption of peanuts, chocolate, coffee, milk, alcohol, cigarettes,
  • Rest more often, doing light exercises every day
  • Eat balanced meals,
  • Try to provoke more positive emotions by performing a favorite activity or meeting friends,
  • Listen to relaxing music,
  • Soft massage may help

Insomnia

Insomnia or insufficient sleep are inevitable during pregnancy. With growing tummy the situation is not improving. 8-hour uninterrupted sleep remains in the past. So nature is most likely to prepare the expectant mother for the waking nights that lie ahead after the birth of the baby.

The reasons for the interruption of your sleep several times at night is due to the reduced volume of the bladder which is pressed by the growing uterus; of uncomfortable posture - with a big belly is hard to find place in bed (here comes the prenatal pillow for help), by rapid pulse and shortness of breath.

How we can alleviate the situation?

  • More rest during the day but do not sleep more than ½ hour afternoon,
  • Avoid beverages with caffeine,
  • Do yourself a list of obligations for the next day so you don't worry
  • Avoid excitement and physical exercise late in the evening,
  • Use one or more pillows to create your comfort in bed (I recommend prenatal pillows I even use it after the pregnancy)
  • Ensure peaceful and quiet place to sleep. 
  • Pregnancy pillow does magic for your comfort. I am using it even after the labor.

Depression

Pregnancy is often described as the most wonderful time of the woman life.But it is not always associated  with positive emotions.Around one fifth of all pregnant women suffer from mild or severe depression.

It can be caused by many things:

  • Hormonal dis-balance
  • Unwanted pregnancy
  • Financial problems 
  • Family problems (with partner, with parents)
  • Health problems
  • Concerns about the unknown future
  • Loss of loved one
  • Difficulties in adjusting to the new situation of a pregnant woman and many others.

How we could alleviate the situation?

  • Rest more often with pleasant activities fill your time with work or a hobby
  • Stay busy and useful to your family needs
  • Eat healthy foods and get your favorite treat on certain occasions
  • Go out more often
  • Meet positive minded people
  • Go to movies
  • Discuss topics that are not related to birth
  • Start furnishing baby's room
  • Shopping for baby
  • Prepare a romantic dinner - surprise
  • Keep a diary of your pregnancy
  • Sports - make appropriate exercises for your condition
  • If something is bothering you talk to your partner 
  • Just pamper yourself believe it or not this is a great time for you

Increased vaginal discharge

Sexual glands work harder, so this is normal. Consult with your gynecologist if this trend suddenly changed color, odor and quantity or appear to be burning and / or itching.

Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums is often one of the first symptoms of pregnancy and in most cases accompanied until labor. This is due to hormonal changes that occur in the body. Mouth becomes more susceptible to the influence of bacteria and dental plaque, leading to inflammation and bleeding gums.

How we could alleviate the situation?

Use soft brush, wash your teeth regularly cleaned them with thread, use a special toothpaste for pregnant women, consult a dentist if you experience pain. Do not forget to take sufficient amount of calcium - as a good investment for you and for your unborn child.

Breast engorgement

Breast become sensitive from the outset of pregnancy, often before you realized your breast has began to change. At different stages they enlarge, become extremely sensitive and even painful, their areola darkens and enlarges, it may leak a yellowish fluid (colostrum).

To relieve this discomfort: Get a comfortable bra (neither too tight nor too loose) Wear it day and night.

Acne

The increased of fat secretion during pregnancy often leads to the emergence of pimples and acne.Cleaned your face before bedtime and use cosmetics suitable for pregnant women. Some ingredients in cleaning lotions and creams are not suitable for this condition. It is possible to have pigmentation at various locations on your body and face. Use sunscreen with sun exposure. Try to use natural products.

Stretch Marks

Stretch marks appear when have rapid and abrupt increase or decrease of your weight in which the skin is stretched or shrunk. Stretch marks occur not only in pregnant women, many of as suffer from stretch marks  even men. These are pink, brown or whitish scars that appear most often in the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, breasts.

What could have prevented their appearance?

If it is genetically inherent unlikely to succeed preventing it.However, you can try avoiding them by using  specially designed cosmetics for pregnant woman. Spread cream or oil on the trouble spots (it is better to start after the first trimester, at least once per day and after 4-5 months twice per day).


Swelling

Increased swelling during pregnancy caused by retention of body fluids, stimulate the formation of edema on the face, arms and legs (ankles and feet). Most often this symptom occur when is very hot in the summer, when we consume salt or we stand for a long time.However, if suddenly appear unusual swelling call your gynecologist and let him/her see it.

How we could alleviate the situation?

  • Don't stay in the sun for a long time,
  • Rest your feet by raising them up,
  • Use comfortable shoes
  • Reduce salt intake.

Constipation

This is a problem occurs in almost every second pregnancy. One of the main reasons for constipation are: hormones, stress, anxiety.

How can alleviate the situation?

  • Consume healthy food rich in fiber - like fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, yogurt with live bacteria
  • Accept plenty of fluids during the day - fresh juices, mineral water and tea
  • Sedentary lifestyle

In Summery

What woman should expect during pregnancy? They are some difficulties on the way but when baby come I guarantee that you won't remember them. Symptoms like constipation, nausea, vomiting, pregnancy acids, swelling, acne, breast engorgement and stretch marks appearance will become a faint distant memory as soon as you see the face of your little angel.

Comments

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    • milenaamr profile imageAUTHOR

      milenaamr 

      11 years ago

      Thanks Maita. I just went through pregnancy and everything it is still fresh to me.

    • prettydarkhorse profile image

      prettydarkhorse 

      11 years ago from US

      very comprehensive hub on pregnancy, Thanks a lot, Maita

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