What you need to know about Cataracts
The lens is a transparent structure and has a large refractive power. Cataract is the clouding or opacity of the lens, leading to a gradual, painless loss of vision.
The most common cause of cataracts is aging (senile cataracts). When people reach the age of 80 years, about 85% of them suffer from some clouding of the lens. This type of Cataract is a common cause of blindness in the elderly.
Possible causes of this eye disease:
- Injuries: by a puncture wound or a bruise on the eyeball.
- Physical factors: Ultraviolet B radiation, presence of extraneous matter in the eye, electrical injury, etc.
- Other eye diseases, such as uveitis.
- Systemic diseases: diabetes mellitus, hypocalcemic syndrome, etc.
- Birth defects: hereditary defects or as a result of prenatal viral diseases such as rubella.
Surgery is the only method to cure cataracts.
Aspects to consider after cataract surgery.
The symptoms of urgency by which the person should see a doctor are:
- Decreased vision.
- Red eyes.
Instructions for proper application of eye drops:
- Wash hands before instillation.
- Cover well the cans of eyedrops.
- Prevent eye infections avoiding dust, sand and pool (wearing sunglasses).
What not to do after cataract surgery:
- Take weight.
- Make physical effort.
- Rub your eyes.
What can you do after cataract surgery?
- Do your usual diet.
- Watching TV, reading and writing.
- Keep eye covered for sleeping during the early days.
- If you wear glasses, you can wear them for comfort.
- Shower and wash your hair without getting wet eyes.