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What’s in My Food: Starburst Ingredients Explained

Updated on December 3, 2015

It's one thing to read the ingredient list on your food label and another to understand what you're reading.

In this article, I identify and define each ingredient in Starbursts and explain any known side effects on health.

Like all science, food science is a work in progress, and there is wide debate about many of these ingredients and what they do to our bodies. Do your own research to learn more about what various sides are saying. Knowledge is power.

Starburst Original Ingredients Are:

  • Corn syrup
  • Sugar
  • Hydrogenated palm kernel oil and/or palm oil
  • Fruit juice from concentrate (apple, lemon, strawberry, orange, and cherry)
  • Less than 2%: Citric acid, tapioca dextrin, gelatin, food starch-modified, natural and artificial flavors, ascorbic acid (vitamin c), and coloring (red 40, yellow 5, yellow 6, and blue 1)

Note: There are many different kinds and flavors of Starburst, and the formulas may also vary by region and country. Many of the ingredients overlap, but not all. Always check the ingredient label of the candy that you are purchasing for the most recent ingredient list. When in doubt, call Wrigley (makers of Starburst) to get the most up-to-date ingredients.

Starburst: Ingredient by Ingredient

1. Corn Syrup

What it is: A sweet syrup made from corn starch that's been treated with acid or enzymes.

Health effects: May cause allergic reactions.

2. Sugar

What it is: A sweetening additive made mainly from sugar cane and sugar beet.

Health effects: Safe if eaten in small amounts, but consumption of large amounts over time has been linked to tooth decay, periodontal disease, obesity, hyperactivity, B vitamin deficiencies, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.

3. Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil and/or Palm Oil

What it is: Polyunsaturated vegetable oil that has been partially converted to saturated oil in order to create a solid or semi-solid substance, making it a trans fat. Its use banned in restaurants across the USA.

Health effects: It has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease, colon cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, liver dysfunction, and infertility in women.

4. Citric Acid

What it is: A weak organic acid used as a flavoring agent and preservative. It is extracted from citrus fruits or made by fermentation of yeast or mold. It may contain MSG or be genetically modified.

Health effects: It may provoke symptoms in people who are MSG-sensitive.

5. Dextrin

What it is: A thickener and foam stabilizer made from wheat or corn starch.

Health effects: May cause allergic reaction in some people. Should be avoided by those with celiac disease.

6. Gelatin

What it is: A substance made from the boiled skin, tendons, ligaments, and bones of hoofed animals, such as cows and pigs. A food thickener, it absorbs five to ten times its weight in water. It may contain MSG and sulfur dioxide.

Health effects: It may provoke symptoms in the MSG-sensitive.

7. Food Starch-modified

What it is: A thickening agent also known as modified food starch. It is starch that has been chemically altered for specific food applications. It also may be genetically modified.

Chemicals used for modification include, but are not limited to:

  • Propylene oxide — A petroleum derivative
  • Hydrochloric acid — A corrosive used to remove rust
  • Succinic anhydride — Used in paper production to strengthen paper
  • Potassium hydroxide — Used to make alkaline batteries
  • Sodium hydroxide — Chemical base used to make detergents, paper, and drain cleaners

Health effects: Modified corn starch is frequently used in baby foods, and safety concerns have arisen due to the use of these various chemicals, especially since babies are still developing and have little resistance to foreign agents. More testing is required to understand its effect on human health.

8. Natural Flavors

What it is: Any flavor not chemically-derived. Natural flavors are obtained by physical processes from plants or animals and provide flavor to a food rather than nutritional value. They may contain MSG.

Health effects: Unknown. Different foods use different natural flavors and processes. Naturally-derived ingredients may be altered or rendered unsafe. It should be noted that the use of the word “natural” is often used to mask the use of harmful substances that are technically naturally-derived.

9. Artificial Flavors

What it is: A synthetic mixture not found in nature, designed to mimic a natural flavor. May contain MSG. Over 1,700 artificial flavors are approved by the FDA.

Health effects: Unknown. Companies are not required to identify the various synthetic mixtures used in foods, and are only required to list them under the umbrella of “artificial flavors." Some individuals are sensitive to artificial flavors and experience headaches, nausea, and drowsiness, among other symptoms.

A short list of some artificial flavors: Benzyl isobutyrate, ethyl acetate, ethyl methylphenylglycidate (petroleum derivative), methyl benzoate (petroleum derivative), hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone. An artificial flavor may be made up of any number of synthetic chemicals.

10. Ascorbic Acid

What it is: Vitamin C. A water-soluble preservative and antioxidant. It may be chemically synthesized.

Health effects: Considered safe.

11. Red 40

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring that is also known as Allura Red AC, E129

Health effects: A suspected carcinogen that has been linked to hyperactivity, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and lower IQs in children. Some scientists question its safety since all the tests were conducted by the manufacturer instead of the FDA.

12. Yellow 6

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring also known as Sunset Yellow FCF, E110

Health effects: Known to cause allergic reactions and hyperactivity in children. Caution is advised in people who aspirin-sensitive.

13. Yellow 5

What it is: A coal tar-derived artificial food coloring also known also as Tartrazine, E102

Health effects: Has been linked to thyroid tumors, chromosomal damage, asthma attacks, hives and hyperactivity. When ingested, some aspirin-sensitive patients have been reported to develop life-threatening asthmatic symptoms.

14. Blue 1

What it is: A coal tar-derived food coloring that is also known also as Brilliant Blue FCF, E133

Health effects: Produces malignant tumors at the site of injection and by ingestion in rats. Possible effects include asthma, hives, hay fever, low blood pressure, and allergic reactions. Caution is advised for people who are aspirin-sensitive.

Are Starbursts Vegan or Halal?

According to an article from the Vegetarian Resource Group, as of 2010, Starbursts sold in the USA contain non-Kosher beef-derived gelatin and are not vegan, kosher, or halal. Wrigley's GummiBursts sold in the USA contain non-Kosher pork-derived gelatin.

Starbursts sold in the UK are vegan and say "suitable for vegans." They also do not contain any artificial colors or flavors.

Now you know the facts. You know what you are consuming, and can make an informed decision.


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    • profile image

      jeff 8 months ago

      starburst can cause you cancer if you eat alot and other kind of candies, so stay healthy! and don't eat starburst.....;)

    • profile image

      maryn 2 years ago

      i think this is really useful information

    • profile image

      Laruch 3 years ago

      Perhaps seeing what these ingredients can do, we may better understand the destruction of the healthy human body and, why so many "new" health issues have been surfacing in the past 30 years or so.

    • Janey Hood profile image

      Janey Hood 4 years ago from UK

      More of this please! This stuff should be taught in schools.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 4 years ago from USA

      Devil's Advocate

      Its basically flavored plastic dude. There are other, more food like substances out there to keep your taste buds happy.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 4 years ago from USA


      I can only show you the door hammygal. At least now you are making an informed decision every time you eat this candy.

    • profile image

      Devil's Advocate 5 years ago

      ...absolutely nothing beneficial in the product. What about the sweet sweet joy it brings to my taste buds

    • profile image

      babyfat123 5 years ago

      mom i know you wrote this about me

    • profile image

      bigchuck4.0 5 years ago

      starburst is the reason my mom made me move out, its like crack it makes you crazy. bananana.I don't even remember typing bananana, so theres that. don't do starburst kids, don't.

    • profile image

      hammysgal143 5 years ago

      this has opened my eyes. but i, still gunna eat startburst oops it good

    • profile image

      D-Man 5 years ago

      it's not halal or kosher, it's not vegan... lol it's not food! I'd like to see someone do a Supersize Me type experiment with candy. Ugh, I can only imagine...

      Thanks for this informative article.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 5 years ago from USA


      Starburst Icy Burst isn't carried in my area, I don't have access to its ingredients list.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 5 years ago from USA


      You won't drop dead from eating a few, but you simply need to look at the ingredients to realize that there is absolutely nothing beneficial in the product. Just about every ingredient has negative health effects.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 5 years ago from USA


      Unless it's labeled otherwise, I wouldn't bet on any mass produced candy being Halal

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 5 years ago from USA


      Gelatin is most commonly derived from pig and cattle. It can often be a mixture of both. Only the folks at Starburst really know if there is pig in their product.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 5 years ago from USA


      The thing with artificial and natural flavors is that they are usually trade secrets so companies aren't required to explain them. They are usually put together by flavorists, often using more than a hundred separate compounds derived from animals, plants, or synthetics (petroleum).

      Another reason why I don't trust companies that don't list all their ingredients and hide behind trade secret protections. I like to know what I'm eating.

    • profile image

      Laura 6 years ago

      Holy moly this is a great site!! Thanks so much! I was going to make a Starburst bracelet with my daughter but I am vegan... no way am I buying any Starburst now and I am going to be visiting YOU much more often... thanks a bunch!!

    • profile image

      Befour 6 years ago

      What about the added ingredients in Starbursts Icy Bursts?

    • profile image

      Abbie 6 years ago

      Starbursts won't kill you. Everything in them is Generally Regarded as Safe.

    • profile image

      mohammed 6 years ago

      is it halal?

    • profile image

      rickrod 6 years ago

      I ate quite a few of these poisonous Starburts before reading up on them and had such a nightmare of a time trying to get to where I can relax. Totally achey and miserable. I cannot believe they are allowing these poisons to go into our kids. Apparently MSG is a huge cause of ADD and ADHD as well as Diabetes.... Unbelievable!!!!!

    • profile image

      Jay 6 years ago

      Is there pork products in starburst?

    • profile image

      c xyuihsdygb 6 years ago

      I don't know and i dont care

    • profile image

      Umwakeel. 6 years ago

      Great article, thank you for the effort.

      A question tho, while the companies list (artificial flavors & natural flavors) how do we find out what exactly they are, i.e. if they were made of something harmful or made of any animal products?

      Thank you.

    • KimberlyAnn26 profile image

      KimberlyAnn26 7 years ago

      Great Hub. I never knew about the citric acid. Thanks for the info!

    • profile image

      Proud Mama 7 years ago

      Here's some data for you. Artificial colors have everything the author states and more - including lead, mercury, and arsenic.

    • The Smiling Man profile image

      The Smiling Man 7 years ago from USA

      The facts are easy enough to confirm. Google is your friend. Thanks.

    • profile image

      Emily T. 7 years ago

      I would have like to have seen some references but still a pretty good article nonetheless.