ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

World Strategy to eliminate Malaria

Updated on July 5, 2016

World Health Assembly Resolution

Malaria cases and deaths reduced significantly between 2000 and 2015. Nevertheless, the number is still high. 90% of deaths occurred in Africa and children under 5 are most at risk.

The World Health Assembly took a resolution in May 2013 to make a focused effort to reduce malaria cases and malaria deaths, and set targets for 2030.

The resolution can be found at #mce_temp_url#. In this Resolution, the global technical strategy for malaria 2016–2030 is adopted.

Since 90% of deaths occur in Africa, this is mostly directed to Africa, its health systems, and its leaders. The global community is urged to support the funding and implementation of the strategy.

Source

Eliminating Malaria

The Strategy sets goals to aimed at dramatically lowering the global malaria burden in the next 15 years. They include:

  • REDUCING MALARIA CASE INCIDENCE BY AT LEAST 90%
  • REDUCING MALARIA MORTALITY BY AT LEAST 90%
  • ELIMINATING MALARIA IN AT LEAST 35 COUNTRIES
  • PREVENTING THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF MALARIA IN ALL COUNTRIES THAT ARE MALARIA-FREE

Countries are not all at the same level in terms of malaria control:

  • High or moderate rates of malaria transmission: countries must aim to maximize the reduction of malaria cases and deaths.
  • Countries approaching elimination: need enhanced surveillance systems to ensure that every infection is detected, treated and reported to a national malaria registry.

5 Key principles

The Strategy gives 5 key principles for action:

  • Tailored responses: What works in one country, may not work in another and it is important that each country develops its own research-based responses.
  • Country ownership and leadership: For elimination efforts to succeed, government needs to take a strong stance, together with the affected communities and crossborder collaboration.
  • Strengthened surveillance. Malaria surveillance assist the planning of programmes and responses to changes in trends.
  • Equity in access to health services.A high proportion of cases are found among vulnerable populations living in remote areas. Progress can be accelerated by ensuring access to malaria prevention and treatment for all at-risk groups, regardless of their legal status.
  • Innovation in malaria control tools. Eliminating malaria will require new tools such as: development of improved diagnostics, more effective medicines, new insecticides and innovative vector control tools.

"The effectiveness of insecticide-based vector control is threatened as malaria mosquitoes develop resistance to the insecticides"

Source

Some special issues in Africa

Why is the problem of malaria worse in Africa?

There are many reasons of course, one of which is the tropical climate of the continent. The reason why Lesotho has fewer problems than a tropical area like Rwanda clearly has to do with its geography.

Of course we have the usual culprits:

  • Poverty which also implies challenges to access health systems, implementing simple solutions like nets, insecticides
  • Management of water resources
  • Inadequate health system
  • Inadequate surveillance systems
  • People who have gained some immunity to malaria and don't have visible symptoms, but are nevertheless affected
  • Congenital transmission from mother to child
  • Cross-border challenges

Even so, the continent has more than halved child deaths (children younger than 5 years) from malaria between 2000 and 2015.

Your country

Does your country have high risk of malaria incidence?

See results

Introduction to Malaria

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)