- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
X- Ray Diagnostics Of Pneumothorax: Radiographic Representations Of The Lung Tissue In This Respiratory Disorder
Detecting Diseases On X-Rays
Pneumothorax is air in the pleural space leading to partial or complete collapse of the lung and occurs spontaneously or secondary to chest trauma. A 'tension pneumothorax' is rare unless the patient is on a mechanical ventilator or nasal non-invasive ventilation. In this situation, the pleural tear acts as a one-way valve through which air passes during inspiration but is unable to exit on expiration. There is a unilateral increase in intrapleural pressure with increasing respiratory distress and eventually shock and cardiorespiratory arrest. Treatment is immediate decompression by needle thoracocentesis (2nd intercostal space, mid-clavicular line) and then intercostal tube drainage.
Pneumothorax On Chest X-Ray
1. All X-ray photos here are from DFM E-Group, in the photo and X-ray section.
2. Notes and explanations: Wikipedia, Essentials of Clinical Medicine by Kumar and Clark's, Medicinenet and Mayor's Clinic.
© 2014 Funom Theophilus Makama