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How To Avoid Being Infected With Infections

Updated on November 28, 2015

Transmitted Infections (TIs)

One of the common ways through which infection in human are transmitted is through the exchange of blood. Transmitted Infections (TIs) represent one of the major health problems which are the chief causes of illness and sometimes death; hence, the socio- economic consequence. Infections contracted through exchange of blood could be any of the followings :


1) Genital herp : this infection has no known cure and continues to resurface after being treated. Any babies infected during child birth suffer severe brain damage or may even die.


2) Genital wart: this, in male, grows around the male genital organ and in female, it can grow around the vulva, cervix and around the anus it sometimes result to cancer of the cervix and sterility.


3) Syphilis : this is another disease which is pass on through exchange of blood. It causes damages to the heart, brain, spinal cord and other organs. It sometimes results to death of the infected person.


4) Pubic lice : this is another infection which is transmitted trough exchange of blood. Pubic lice are blood sucking crab like organism which is about the size of a pin head. They are usually lurked in the pubic hair where they cause itching, discomfort and possibly anaemia.


5) Gonorrhea : this is one of the most exchange of blood transmitted infection (TIs). This infection affects both male and female reproductive organs. The Yoruba people call it ‘aisan gbajumo’ which means popular illness or illness of the popular man. Gonorrhea causes infertility in the female and urethra contractions in the male which usually result in difficulty and pain when pass out urine. Baby infected during birth by infected mother may develop severe eye problem which may lead to blindness. Gonorrhea is not notice at early stage, in female, in most cases
6) Trichinosis : infected male experience something similar to urethra contraction. In female, there is usually a yellowish foul smell discharge from the female reproductive organ.


7) Chlamydia : this infection affects the urethra, cervix and the rectal area. It is one of the most common TI. It is the major causes of infertility.


8) HIV & AIDS : this is the most popular TI. The acronym stands for Human Immuno -Deficiency Virus and AIDS stands for Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV is a virus which affects human being by bringing down the immune system, hence it disable the body from fighting other infections

Socio-Economic Effect of ITI


1) Economic effect : TIs are more predominant among youths or people who are at their reproductive age. If youths, who represent larger percentage of the work force, fall ill frequently, there will be reduction in size of the work force and productivity will be adversely affected

2) Social : failure of reproductive organs usually leads to marital disharmony and infidelity. People with TIs are usually stigmatized in the society. TIs cause infertility and childlessness. In some society, especially in Africa and Asia, childlessness lowers one prestige in the society.

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