ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Yellow Fever Vaccination - Do I need it?

Updated on August 2, 2016

Yellow Fever is a mosquito-borne virus so it’s not infectious between individuals (like a cold or flu) but only to the people bitten by an infected mosquito. It carries a high mortality rate.

There is a risk of Yellow Fever in tropical areas of Africa and South America, as well as eastern Panama, Central America and Trinidad in the Caribbean. However the dynamic nature of the disease means that there are additional risk areas and that travellers should check a national travel information site for the changes. For example, see nathnac.org.

The risk of getting Yellow Fever is determined by several factors:

  • Your travel destination
  • The intensity of Yellow Fever transmission in the area – ie how many mosquitoes carrying the virus
  • The season you’re travelling in
  • How long you’re in the risk area
  • Your activity while you’re there – are you working outside or inside, etc
  • Your immunisation status.
  • Yellow Fever is preventable by vaccination.

Yellow Fever symptoms.

The disease varies in its severity and initial symptoms are:

  • Muscle aches
  • High temperature
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting.

In many people there will be an improvement and a gradual recovery within about 3-4 days.

However 15-25% of sufferers will relapse 24 hours after an apparent recovery and have:

  • Haemorrhagic fever with bleeding from the eyes, mouth, ears and stomach (seen by vomiting fresh blood)
  • Jaundice – yellowing of the eyes and skin
  • Kidney damage
  • Shock and major organ failure.

Of the people who develop this severe stage of Yellow Fever, up to 80% will die. Those who survive will have life-long immunity to future infection.

Yellow Fever treatment and Yellow Fever prevention.

There is no specific anti-viral treatment for Yellow Fever. Medical staff can only manage the patient’s symptoms.

The 2 ways to prevent Yellow Fever are by avoiding mosquito bites and by Yellow Fever vaccination which has been available or 60 years and so has proved itself to be very safe.

Yellow Fever vaccination side effects (allergy, meningitis or total body reactions) are extremely rare and occur in only 1 in 130,000-200,000 vaccinations. There’s more information at nathnac.org.

Expected Yellow Fever vaccine side effects are mild. They include soreness at the vaccination site, headache, slight fever and muscle aches.

CLICK HERE for the vaccination schedule and precautions.

The vaccination can only be given at an approved Yellow Fever centre and an internet search for your local area will show you where the service is available.

When travelling you will need to keep the certificate you’re given at vaccination with your passport and be prepared to show it at any airport/border crossing during your journey. It may be a requirement for entry into some countries.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)