ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Your Kidney Stone - Extremely Widespread Prevalence

Updated on October 26, 2009

There are a wide variety of factors which can contribute to the formation of kidney stones, and they can diverge significantly from hereditary and dietary. Some of the more puzzling include the higher incidence of kidney stones among people who perspire excessively, work in hot environments like steel mills and bakeries, or among those individuals who have moved to desert and semi-arid climates.

Sunlight shining on your skin triggers a reaction which produces vitamin D. Although this is a necessary vitamin, excessive amounts can cause the intestinal tract to absorb more calcium than it ordinarily would, leading to the formation of kidney stones.

Lifestyle factors and personal choices also affect the development of kidney stones. Chronic dehydration is also a factor linked to the formation of kidney stones, and people with some eating disorders have a greater chance of developing them. Individuals who restrict their intake of fluids, whether consciously or not, are at much greater risk of acquiring stones. So are people who habitually eat a large meal at night time, shortly before bed.

However, there are also a significant number of medical ailments which can contribute to the development of kidney stones. These include Anatomic Abnormalities, Bowel Disease, Cystinuria, Hyperparathyroidism, Medullary Sponge Kidney, Milk-Alkali Syndrome, Paralysis, Renal Tubular Acidosis, and Ulcers.

Kidney stones have become extraordinarily prevalent in Western society and it is well beyond doubt that our modern lifestyle has significantly contributed to this prevalence.

The condition of kidney stones was at one time almost an entirely male domain, but now is being found in both sexes. An astounding 13 per cent of the American population has or will develop kidney stones which translates into over 40 million people, or more than the entire population of California. In the United States more than a million people a year are hospitalized for the treatment of kidney stones and many more than that are treated in doctors' offices or as out-patients.

The statistics for kidney stone sufferers in the United States reflect the severity and universality of this serious ailment:

  • 2.2 million visits were made to physician offices regarding kidney stones in the U.S.
  • 5.2% of adults aged 20-74 self-reported having kidney stones
  • 6.3% of male adults aged 20-74 self-reported having kidney stones
  • 4.1% of female adults aged 20-74 self-reported having kidney stones
  • 0.45% of hospital episodes were for kidney stones
  • 90% of hospital consultations for kidney stones required hospital admission
  • 71% of hospital episodes for kidney stones were for men
  • 29% of hospital episodes for kidney stones were for women
  • 41% of hospital admissions for kidney stones required emergency hospital admission
  • 3.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for kidney stones
  • 2 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for kidney stones
  • 51 was the mean age of patients hospitalized for kidney stones
  • 68% of hospitalizations for kidney stones occurred in 15-59 year olds
  • 8% of hospitalizations for kidney stones occurred in people over 75
  • 32% of hospitalizations for kidney stones were single day episodes
  • 0.22% of hospital bed days were for kidney stones

Continued In: Your Kidney Stone - Caused By Your Lifestyle

Back To Start


Disclaimer: The information on this Hub page does not constitute medical, legal, commercial, product, and/or service advice or endorsement of any vendor, supplier and/or brand, and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the author. Listing of an entity or service on this Hub page is not a warranty of the quality or efficacy of the products or services furnished by any entity. The author is not directly compensated by any entity other than the advertising placement services shown on this page.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • watergeek profile image


      5 years ago from Pasadena CA

      Interesting statistics. If your readers want to know why these situations you describe happen, I've written a hub about kidneys and how they function that shows it. You're right on about water being a factor. Fortunately, it's being a factor also makes it a cure. Thanks for writing this hub, Hal.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)