ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Zika Virus, Should Aussies Be Concerned?

Updated on March 27, 2016

What is Zika Virus?


Zika virus is carried by mosquito's and is much like dengue fever and yellow fever in that it has similar symptoms such as:-

  • fever
  • aches and pains in the joints, especially hands and feet, maybe some swelling.
  • muscular pain
  • headache, with pain behind the eyes
  • conjunctivitis
  • a skin rash
  • lack of energy and feeling weak

The Zika virus is spread by 'infected' mosquitoes and only certain types of mosquitoes. The aedes mosquito family.. Aedes aegypti, the dengue mosquito is in the aedes group that can carry the disease.

There have been some reports of Zika being sexually transmitted but this is low particularly compared with being carried by mosquitoes.


Zika Virus and birth defects.

The link between microcephaly is under investigation due to the significant outbreak of Zika in Brazil and the increased number of babies born with microcephaly.

There are other causes of microcephaly, however the Zika Virus has been found to be present in the brains of babies with microcephaly. There were concerns that a pesticide called pyriproxyfen (used for the control of disease carrying mosquitoes) was linked to microcephaly but this has since been disproved. Further more this pesticide has been in use for decades in Brazil and is used in other countries.

Zika virus can be sexually transmitted, however the primary way a pregnant women can be infected is by getting bitten by an infected mosquito. And Zika virus can be spread to the fetus during pregnancy or at delivery.

It is still unknown if a pregnant woman infected with Zika will actually be affected or the likelihood of the virus passing to the foetus. http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pregnancy/question-answers.html


Is Zika Virus new?

No. The Zika virus was first discovered in Uganda in 1947, but the first human case wasn't reported until 1952.

It probably wasn't reported as much because the symptoms are similar to many other diseases and in most cases were very mild only lasting for several days after being bitten by the mozzie.

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/about/


What about Australia?

At the present moment the Zika Virus cases reported in Australia are ONLY from travelers that have been overseas.

To view the current list of countries with reported outbreaks of Zika Virus go to http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-zika-countries.htm this list is constantly being updated as information comes to hand.



How Authorities Are Stopping the Spread to Australia

Border security, monitoring of international ports of entry.

In North and Central Queensland where the Aedes aegyptii and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are present any reports of the virus will be responded to by the health authorities urgently to prevent it from spreading. This includes stopping the infected person from being bitten by mosquitoes and controlling mosquitoes around the persons home.


Is there a vaccine?

NO however a Melbourne based biotech company "Sementis" in partnership with the University of South Australia have developed a protective vaccine for Chikungunya virus (is now in the clinical manufacturing process) and are hoping to adapt the vaccine for Zika.

http://www.unisa.edu.au/Media-Centre/Releases/UniSA-industry-partnership-seeks-vaccine-for-Zika-virus/#.Vvi979J95ix

Finally.

For we Australians especially the North and Central Queensland mob we're probably best to include insect repellent into our Slip Slop Slap routine because the Slap bit is probably to late.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)