Lynch syndrome is a hereditary condition which predisposes the person to develop colon cancer. The person having the syndrome has a higher risk to develop colon cancer at a younger age especially before 50 years as compared to the general population. A family history of endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, renal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer or other cancers may be present.
The syndrome has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern i.e. one parent carries a gene for the Lynch syndrome so there are 50% chances that the gene will be passed on to each child. The person who inherits the abnormal gene of Lynch syndrome lacks the ability to correct the genetic mistake. So there is more likelihood that the person will develop the colon cancer.
The treatment of colon cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy depending upon its stage. Similarly, other cancers associated with the syndrome must also be treated accordingly.