I always see pictures and video of these starving children in Africa. Why do they all have pot bellies? I know it has something to do with their starvation, but I'd like to know the physiological cause.
The bloated abdomen is the result of a condition called kwashiorkor, which is defined as a lack of protein in the diet. This is a form of malnutrition more prevalent in third world countries due to the lack of adequate food and medical supplies; westerners would typically be treated long before they experienced these types of symptoms.