What is Blue Skin Disorder? Treatment and Prognosis of Blue Skin Disorder
What is Blue Skin Disorder?
Blue Skin Disorder is a condition that is characterized by blue discoloration of the skin, particularly, the finger and toe nails.
It is not life threatening, but does leave a few long-term and permanent effects on the body.
Symptoms of Blue Skin Disorder
Blue skin disease is seen as:
What Causes Blue Skin Disorder?: Risk Factors for Blue Skin Disorder
The primary cause is that your body does not use and store the requisite amount of oxygen. A shortage of oxygen makes the nails and the skin turn blue. When the number of red blood cells in the body is less; and the cells fail to hold sufficient amounts of oxygen, that's when the the disorder develops. Cyanosis or blue discoloration is frequently seen in the following medical conditions:
- Cardiac defects such as tetralogy of Fallot, ventricular arrhythmias and transposition of the great arteries are important causative factors. Raynaud's Syndrome is also known to cause the disorder.
- Pulmonary disorders like: COPD including Asthma (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), epiglottitis, and high altitude pulmonary edema set off hypoxia and cyanosis.
- Minocycline, an antibiotic that treats Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Mycoplasma-type pneumonias, chancroid, and Borrelia infections tends to cause blue discoloration.
- Chemicals like aniline dyes, nitrates, nitrite, dapsone, ergotamine, and phenazopyridine have also been incriminated in the development of the blue skin disease.
Treating Blue Skin Disease: Treatment Regimen for BSD
Correct and prompt diagnosis and the right line of treatment are vital for the effective management of the condition.
- Your physician will first start off a course of antibiotics to fight infections.
- Oxygen therapy is necessary to manage severe shortness of breath and breathing irregularities.
- Cardiac defects become evident at birth itself, and can be tackled prudently and properly.
- Likewise, a suitable treatment regimen is essential to manage pulmonary diseases. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy is suggested to manage lung malignancies.
- Your doctor may also ask you to stay away from cold temperatures.
Prognosis for Blue Skin Disease
The outcome of blue skin disorder is moderate to good; depending up on the etiological factor and how soon the treatment is started.
Pulmonary diseases, such as COPD, croup and edema; and blue discoloration because of chemical toxicity show good prognosis; whilst, cardiac anomalies like tetralogy of Fallot, ventricular arrhythmias and transposition of the great arteries show relatively poor prognosis.