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Cyst On Ovaries And What You Should Know

Updated on July 8, 2013

What Causes Cyst On Ovaries And Should You Be Concerned

It is very common for women to develop a cyst on ovaries. In some women cysts require little or no treatment because they are fairly harmless. These cysts would be considered "Benign" or non cancerous. On the other hand some cysts are cancerous. That's why if a cyst is suspected its very important to get a diagnosis from your health care provider. An ultra sound is used to determine if is a cyst or not.

A cyst are small fluid-(water) filled sacs (rather like a blister) that develop in a woman"s ovaries. Many ovarian cysts are caused by the growth of abnormal cells.

A Cyst on the ovaries are normally small, but can vary in size. That's why you may never know if you have one until a routine examination finds it. However, some can grow fairly large and can cause irregular periods, discomfort and pain.

Depending on the type of cyst a woman has will determine how it would be treated.

Benign cyst on ovaries
Benign cyst on ovaries

Functional Types of Cyst on Ovaries

Most Common and Benign or Non Cancerous Cyst

There are two main types of ovarian cysts: functional and abnormal. These are then broken down into several further types, depending on the characteristics and cause. These are the most common type but functional cysts are different, caused mainly by a slight change in how the ovary normally functions.

Follicular cyst: This type of simple cyst can form when ovulation does not occur or when a mature follicle collapses on itself. It usually develops at the time of ovulation and can grow to about 2.3 inches in diameter.

Corpus luteum cyst: This type of functional cyst forms after an egg has been released from a follicle. After this happens, the follicle becomes what is known as a corpus luteum. If a pregnancy doesn't take place, the corpus luteum usually breaks down and disappears. It may, however, fill with fluid or blood and persist on the ovary. It usually is found on only one side and doesn't cause any symptoms.

Hemorrhagic cyst: This type of functional cyst occurs when bleeding happens inside the cyst. Symptoms such as abdominal pain may be present on just one side of the body with this type of cyst.

A Dermoid Cyst

A Dermoid Cyst
A Dermoid Cyst

Abnormal Cysts

Cyst's that are usually not cancerous

These cysts are caused by the growth of abnormal cells, which make theme very different from functional cysts. This doesn't mean they are cancerous. Many cysts are simply benign growths. The cause of abnormal cell growth is unknown. The cysts may never go away and not cause any problems, or they could break, requiring emergency surgery.

Cystadenoma Cyst: form from ovarian tissue on the outer surface of the ovaries. They sometimes adhere to the ovary by a stem and can grow very large and may measure 12 inches or more in diameter. They can also twist on their stems and rupture, which can be extremely painful, and require emergency surgery.

Dermoid cyst: This is an abnormal cyst that usually affects younger women and may grow to 6 inches in diameter.

Endometriosis is a condition in which the lining of the womb begins to grow in other parts of the body. It affects women during child bearing and may cause chronic pelvic pain associated with your period.

Polycystic ovaries are diagnosed based on its large size, usually twice what is normal with small cysts present around the outside of the ovary.

Laparoscopic View Of A Large Ovarian Cyst

Symptons of a Cyst On Your Ovaries

What to look for

Cyst on the Ovaries usually don't cause symptoms whatsoever. Others notice changes in their monthly cycles that indicate potential problems. Still others experience pain and obvious symptoms. The following symptoms may also be present

- Nausea and Vomiting

- Irregular Periods

- Pelvic pain after strenuous exercise or sexual intercourse

- Swelling in the abdomen

- Feeling of lower abdominal or pelvic pressure or fullness

- Break Through Bleeding

Diagnosed With A Cancerous Cyst on Ovaries - She Is Not Pregnant!

Diagnosed With A Cancerous Cyst on Ovaries - She Is Not Pregnant!
Diagnosed With A Cancerous Cyst on Ovaries - She Is Not Pregnant!
Treatment of Cyst on ovaries
Treatment of Cyst on ovaries

Treatment For Ovarian Cysts

What Are Your Options

Functional ovarian cysts are the most common type of ovarian cyst. They usually disappear by themselves and seldom require treatment. Growths that become abnormally large or last longer than a few months should be removed or examined to determine if they are in fact something more harmful.

Medications

Oral contraceptives: Birth control pills may be helpful to regulate the menstrual cycle, prevent the formation of follicles that can turn into cysts, and possibly reduce the size of an existing cyst.

Pain relievers: Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (for example, Advil) may help reduce pelvic pain. Narcotic pain medications by prescription may relieve severe pain caused by ovarian cysts.

Surgery

* Laparoscopic surgery: A woman's abdomen is filled with a gas and a small incisions through which a thin scope (laparoscope) can pass into the abdomen. The surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and may remove the cyst or take a sample from it.

* Laparotomy: This is a more intrusive surgery in which an incision is made through the abdominal wall in order to remove a cyst.

* Surgery for ovarian torsion: An ovarian cyst may twist and cause severe abdominal pain as well as nausea and vomiting. This is an emergency and surgery is necessary to correct it.

Natural treatment

Not all ovarian cysts can be treated with natural remedies. It depend on the kind of cyst you have, the size of it and if there are any complications. Natural treatments are aimed at prevention. A functional cyst usually disappears on its own, or you may have been advised to have it aspirated. In either case, the objective is to prevent it from coming back again. Herbs and nutrition can help to do this. In addition you will need to work on the health of your liver, to ensure that any excess hormones are excreted.

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    • profile image

      anonymous 2 years ago

      My girlfriend has a cyst

      I m very worried about her, i just want to make this thing go away from her

      But she is very casual about all these things, she is never listening to me

      dont know what to do

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      I found bout mines. Whn I was in 6th grade. In 2006 :( I still remember it. It was so painful my mom didn't know wat to do.

    • noner profile image

      noner 4 years ago

      I had to have surgery to have an ovarian cyst removed. According ot the doc, It was the size of a mans head. I'm a large woman anyway so we didn't even know it was there.

    • lilblackdress lm profile image

      lilblackdress lm 5 years ago

      Very educational. And the picture of the woman's tummy is a real eye opener.

    • profile image

      gedsudski 5 years ago

      Wow.. maybe I should get checked out; I look like that picture and I'm not pregnant either. :/ Really great, informative lens!

    • yayas profile image

      yayas 5 years ago

      I spent many years struggling with pain due to cysts an' Endometriosis. In the end, I did hafta' have surgery, but the relief from that kinda' pain has been more than I could have hoped for.

      Thank you for visiting my 'Gardening and Nursery Rhymes for Preschool' page. You honor me with your visit.

    • davenjilli lm profile image

      davenjilli lm 5 years ago

      Very informative lens on an important subject. *blessed*

    • Pam Irie profile image

      Pam Irie 5 years ago from Land of Aloha

      This is such an important subject for all women and I've found it very helpful. Thank you!

    • profile image

      tinamahan 5 years ago

      Thank you for educating us with the types and symptoms of cysts, I learned a lot from reading your lens. Great job!