- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Ebola viruses are mainly found in primates in Africa and possibly the Philippines; there are only occasional outbreaks of infection in humans. Ebola hemorrhagic fever occurs mainly in Africa in the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Sudan, Ivory Coast, and Uganda, but it may occur in other African countries.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever
Ebola hemorrhagic fever has a short history since it was discovered in 1976. There have been a few outbreaks, including the current (April 2014) "unprecedented epidemic" in Africa.
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by four different strains of Ebola virus; these viruses infect humans and nonhuman primates. It is also referred to as Ebola virus disease.
Ebola has left Africa before, but only under controlled conditions. Aid workers who have fallen ill in the current outbreak have been flown to the U.S., the U.K., Spain and France for treatment. A researcher who fell ill in 1994 in Ivory Coast was taken to Switzerland for care.
Ebola virus, on the other hand, is a broader-acting and more non-specific pathogen that can impede the proper functioning of macrophages and dendritic cells—immune response cells located throughout the epithelium. 15,16 Epithelial tissues are found throughout the body, including in the respiratory tract. Ebola prevents these cells from carrying out their antiviral functions but does not interfere with the initial inflammatory response, which attracts additional cells to the infection site. The latter contribute to further dissemination of the virus and similar adverse consequences far beyond the initial infection site. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by one of five different Ebola viruses. Four of the strains can cause severe illness in humans and animals. The fifth, Reston virus, has caused illness in some animals, but not in humans.
Ebola is classified as a Level 4 type containment disease by the CDC requiring the most stringent handling measures to prevent transmission. The previous writers are right, terrorists need only to go to Africa (they are are already there) mingle with the dying Ebola patients and then cross over our Southern border to bring it to the US. Figure 300 million Americans dead once it starts spreading because we won't be able to contain it.
Ebola is one of the most dangerous contagious and deadly diseases in the world
Ebola is one of the most dangerous contagious and deadly diseases in the world. No one should be allowed into the country with it or with its symptoms. The doctor and the health worker should have been quarantined in an African hospital, wearing a bio-hazard suit and living in a tent. Michael Savage who is a trained epidemiologist said it's crazy and makes no sense in risking an out break of this pernicious disease and cause pandemonium in the country.
Health care workers treating Ebola patients
Health care workers treating Ebola patients are among the most vulnerable, even if wearing protective gear. A Spanish nurse assistant recently became the first health care worker infected outside West Africa during the ongoing outbreak. She helped care for a missionary priest who was brought to a Madrid hospital. More than 370 health care workers in West Africa have fallen ill or died since the epidemic began earlier this year.
Ebola was the start of AIDS
Ebola was the start of AIDS and it is transmitted through phlegm, semen, blood and excrement. There is no guarantee that anyone is infected here and it was very unusual that the two people were brought to this country for treatment. But for God's sake let's not panic. By keeping us in a panic, the govt. has more control over you.
The World Health Organization has declared the largest-recorded Ebola
The World Health Organization has declared the largest-recorded Ebola epidemic an “international public health emergency,” yet the international effort to stem the outbreak is dangerously inadequate. MSF teams on the ground are seeing critical gaps in all aspects of the response: medical care, training of health staff, infection control, contact tracing, epidemiological surveillance, alert and referral systems, community education, and mobilization. All countries require an immediate and massive mobilization of resources.
The virus is one of the deadliest ever seen, killing up to 90 percent of its victims. And the death isn't pretty. About half of patients exhibit the gruesome bleeding symptoms typical of any hemorrhagic fever—seared into the American consciousness by the 1995 movie Outbreak . But it can also resemble other tropical diseases, like dengue with its high fever, so Ebola is sometimes missed in its early stages. The virus has already killed 1,552 people in Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, according to the World Health Organization. In fact, a little more than half of all Ebola deaths recorded since the virus' discovery in 1976 have occurred in the last five months, according to WHO data.
Hospital personnel first will determine if the patient has or has had a fever greater than 101.5 degrees in the past 24 hours.
Hospital personnel first will determine if the patient has or has had a fever greater than 101.5 degrees in the past 24 hours. Headache, muscle pain, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain or hemorrhaging.
The hospital has to take blood tests, but it doesn’t have the right tools for testing Ebola samples on-site. Four milliliters of your blood will be drawn into a plastic vial. A glass vial would be too risky, the CDC says . Specimens must be packaged in a sealable plastic bag, wrapped in an absorbent material, inserted in a secondary, leak-proof receptacle, and stuck in an outer shipping package for transport. The test comes back positive.
The hospital tells the ambulance to pull into a special bay. The ER personnel run out of the hospital garbed in infection-control gear—most likely consisting of fluid-impermeable gowns, gloves, masks, and face-shields. If the paramedics weren’t properly outfitted during the ambulance ride, they would be quarantined and tested for the virus. Everything you or your bodily fluids touched would be washed with bleach. Treatment generally refers to something that directly affects the disease itself. There is no treatment for Ebola. People go to the hospital for supportive care -- e.g., fluids, electrolyte balance, blood pressure control, etc. Supportive care helps significantly and may drastically reduce the sky high mortality rate (still leaving it sky high, but then 50% is far better than 80% or 90%), but it doesn't in any way treat the disease.
Last month, USAID airlifted more than 16 tons of medical supplies and emergency equipment to Liberia, including: 10,000 sets of personal protective equipment, two water treatment units and two portable water tanks capable of storing 10,000 liters each, and 100 rolls of plastic sheeting which can be used in the construction of Ebola treatment units. Additionally, in late August the DART airlifted 5,000 body bags to step up support for the safe removal and transport of the bodies of Ebola victims and 500 infrared thermometers to bolster Ebola screening efforts. These supplies will be distributed and used by the WHO and Liberian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare.