Emergency steps after being bitten by a dog
How to treat a person bitten by an unknown dog
Today I saw a hub request in the request section of hubpages which is asked by one of our fellow hubber, pankaj3625, so in order to answer this request, I will tell you a short story, which will serve as an example for answering this request.
Some months ago, one of my friend who lives and works in USA was bitten by a boxer dog and the steps he had taken at that time to prevent rabies which is a viral disease which is caused by an animal bite. The rabies virus directly goes to the brain through the peripheral nerves. The signs and symptoms of rabies disease appear after 1 to 3 months of exposure or after being bitten, so rabies is a fatal disease which directly affects the central nervous system.
HERE IS THE STORY:
One of my close friends, Rohit, was bitten on the left knee area by a boxer dog when he was going for a morning walk down the road. He received a superficial puncture wound and abrasion wounds at the area of the lateral and anterior aspects of the left knee. He had some swelling and discomfort after he was bitten. When Rohit asked the alleged owner of the dog that if the dog was up-to-date on his shots, the owner continued to walk and ignore him. The status of the dog and its home was unknown. My friend reported to the animal control in order for the dog to be taken into custody and quarantined and observed by animal control.
He then went to the emergency room to get the rabies immunoglobulin and also to get his first rabies vaccine shot. In the emergency room, the wounds were cleaned and he was provided with rabies immunoglobulin and his first rabies vaccination. He was also given a tetanus shot.
MORAL OF THE ABOVE STORY:
So, the best option after being bitten by a dog is to reach the nearest emergency room and if the status of the dog is unknown, you must get the Rabies Immune Globulin and rabies vaccine administered within 48 hours of being bitten by the dog. The tetanus shot should also be administered if the last tetanus booster was more than 5 years ago.
If the status of the dog is known and you get to know that the dog is up-to-date on its vaccination, contact a good veterinarian in your area and he/she will quarantine and observe the dog for 10 days or so and will take the necessary steps.