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Essential Oil Distillers

Updated on September 18, 2010

This page is to be a clearinghouse of information and equipment the production of essential oils.

These things are called amebics. I have been studying online these things and they are made of copper, steel, or pyrex. With an essential oil distiller you can capture the essential oils of garden flowers and herbs in this distillation process. Make your own aromatherapy oils, perfume, cologne, after-shave, etc.

Design and build your own automatic still.

This is the book recommended for making your own still.

Alkindus Distiller - The Father of the Perfume Industry

Ibn Yusuf Al Kindi (Alkindus)

Another major figure in Islam's Golden Age involving chemistry was Ibn Yusuf Al Kindi, who lived in the ninth century and is often Latinized as Alkindus. He was a promoter of Chemistry yet unlike many scholars of the early Golden Islamic Age, he was an opponent of alchemy. He was considered revolutionary in his time for proving that regular base metals could not produce precious metals like gold and silver.

He wrote volumes against the concept of medieval alchemy called: Warning against the Deceptions of the Alchemistsand Refutation of the Claim of Those Who Claim the Artificial Fabrication of Gold and Silver. Alkindus's work was more applied then Geber and Rhazes, though still using their findings to his benefit. Geber had concluded that boiling wine produces a flammable vapor, that is, ethanol alcohol. Using this information, Alkindus wrote out a procedure to extract pure distilled alcohol from distilling wine. Alkindus worked mainly in the area of perfumes and scents.

He would work to combine plants with other natural substances to produce scents. He had his own laboratory where his assistance would write down the instructions to produce a particular scent. Alkindus also wrote books on his works, and one was Kitab Kimiya' al-'Itr, or Book of Chemistry of Perfumes.For his works with fragrances, he is called the Father of the Perfume industry. Alkindus, being an advocator of applied sciences, used his knowledge to create perfumes but found

other uses for herbs. He figured out substitutions for expensive ingredients in medicines and produced new medications too. However, even though Alkindus contributed a grand amount to chemistry, he is remembered more for his preservation of works of other intellectuals of the time. He is often called the 'Arab Philosopher' for being an affluent polymath.

Steam Distillation Kit Distiller

The perfect system for making your own STEAM DISTILLED essential oils!

This is a true vertical steam distillation unit made from scientific-grade borosilicate glass, specifically designed for easy steam extraction of essential oils from plant materials by the non-chemist at home, resulting in the highest purity essential oils

Unlike other steam distillation units on the market, this system offers true "dry steam" distillation in an all glass (Pyrex) system. Coupled together with ground glass joints, there are no hoses or rubber stoppers in contact with your product...it's ALL glass!

This system's underlying design addresses a number of problems associated with competitives stills, Because of it's "vertical" design, the biomass flask stays dry, none of the "boiling water" is wastefully condensed and trapped in the biomass flask, and because it uses separate flasks for boiling and biomass, there's no risk of overheating or possibly burning your plant material.

Our UNIQUELY DESIGNED RECEIVER (click for info) traps up to 20mL of either "heavier than water" oils or "lighter than water" oils while automatically draining away the excess condensed water (the "Hydrosol", that can be kept for many purposes) thus allowing you to start the distillation and let it proceed on it's own without constant need of attention.

When the distillation is complete, the receiver then doubles as a tapered separatory funnel, allowing you to easily separate your prized oil from the remaining water.

Persian contribution to perfume

In Islamic culture, perfume usage has been documented as far back as the 6th century and its usage is considered a religious duty. Muhammad said:

“ The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male Muslim who has attained the age of puberty and (also) the cleaning of his teeth with Miswaak (type of twig used as a toothbrush), and the using of perfume if it is available. (Recorded in Sahih Bukhari). ”

from wikipedia history of perfume

distiller
distiller

Steam Distillation

for essential oil and perfume production

Steam distillation, the most common method of essential oil production, involves the flow of steam into a chamber holding the raw plant material. The steam causes small sacs containing essential oil to burst. The oil is then carried by the steam out of the chamber and into a chilled condenser, where the steam once again becomes water. (Hydro-distillation is a similar process where the plant material is boiled, with the resultant steam being captured and condensed). The oil and water are then separated; the water, referred to as a 'hydrosol', can be retained as it will have some of the plant essence.

A number of factors determine the final quality of a steam distilled essential oil. Aside from the plant material itself, most important are time, temperature and pressure, and the quality of the distillation equipment. Essential oils are very complex products; each is made up of many, sometimes hundreds, of distinct molecules which come together to form the oil's aroma and therapeutic properties. Some of these molecules are fairly delicate structures which can be altered or destroyed by adverse environmental conditions. So, much like a fine meal is more flavorful when made with patience, most oils benefit from a long, slow 'cooking' process.

The Process of Distillation

The Process of Distillation
The Process of Distillation

Essential fragrant oils - Numerous possibilities

Essentiail Oil Distillation Video - Expert: Lila Avery-Fuson Bio: Lila Avery-Fuson owns and runs a Lavender farm with her husband and daughter in Paso Robles, C

Distilling lavender involves loading the retort with the lavender buds, filling it with purified water, monitoring it for two to three hours and separating the essential oils from the hydrosol found in the steam produced. Distill lavender with tips from a lavender-farm owner in this free video on lavender.

The compleat distiller: or the whole art of distillation practically stated

The Compleat Distiller
The Compleat Distiller

There has never before been a book published on the subject of home distillation that is as detailed as this. Every aspect is covered, from first principles to a clear explanation of the science behind it all. Every type of small still is described in detail, from the simplest to those incorporating the latest advanced techniques. No myths, no guesswork. Just tested and proven facts and designs.

 

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