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Hypertension and Hypotension

Updated on April 29, 2012

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) when your average blood pressure is above the normal and Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure) when your average blood pressure is below the normal , There are so much information about hypertension , it is a well known diseases , at least 1 billion people around the world have it . On the contrary there is not so much information about hypotension and not so many people know about it , it should be noted that hypotension is not a dangerous disease , but if any of them is chronic it can lead to serious complications such as :

In the case of hypertension :

  • Heart attack
  • Coronary Artery
  • Kidney Disease

In the case of hypotension:


What is hypotension ?

Low blood pressure or hypotension is when your blood pressure values are lower than the normal values . Keep in mind that the normal values of blood pressure varies from individual to individual check out the table below for more information .

Although low blood pressure is less dangerous than having high blood pressure or heart disease . Sometimes it can a be a serious problem if it is not treated correctly . If this continues for too long enough , oxygen will not be delivered to the organs. For example, when you have low blood pressure, there is a great decreased of oxygen to the brain cells as a consequence you have dizziness and other related diseases .

Average blood pressure range for your age

Symptoms of hypotension

The most common symptom of hypotension is a great drop in blood pressure in the standing position without the adaptive response of the nervous system, and this leads directly to the impairment of cerebral blood flow.It must be emphasized that some patients do not experience any symptoms, while others may experience mental tiredness, fatigue, dizziness, headaches, confusion and blurred vision, loss of appetite . All these symptoms may develop due to physical problems , but they also occur during hot weather or atmospheric pressure drops.

Although its symptoms can be unpleasant and not good for life, they are not dangerous.

  1. Lack of concentration .
  2. Fatigue .
  3. Blurred vision .
  4. Rapid breathing .
  5. Depression .
  6. Thirst.
  7. Dizziness .
  8. Weakness .
  9. Fatigue .
  10. Sometimes nausea and vomiting .

Causes of hypotension (low blood pressure)

Experts say the most common cause of hypotension is drug abuse. This applies in particular to such pharmaceuticals that reduce blood volume such as diuretics . Another class of drugs that may cause hypotension are those that dilate blood vessels such as nitrates, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin inhibitors and alpha-blockers. There are other important group that specifically contribute to hypotension and they are any kind of antidepressant medication.Medically is confirmed that alcohol abuse can cause drops blood which can sooner become a cause of hypotension.

Hypotension often affects people who are lying in bed for a long time . This is because of the prolonged stay in a lying position without any movement leads to a reduction in tension of the blood vessels . It varies depending on individual physiology , your age , gender and also other factors such as : What you eat , what you drink , whether or not you use drugs .


When women are pregnant their circulatory system grow quickly and it makes blood pressure to drop . During the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, systolic pressure , falls between 10-15 mmHg . After birth, blood pressure levels usually returned to normal.

Endocrine Problems

If the thyroid is inactive ( hypothyroidism) or if it is overactive (hyperthyroidism) blood pressure will be lowered .

Common causes of hypotension

  1. Heart disease .
  2. Bleeding .
  3. Anemia .
  4. Infection.
  5. Medications .
  6. Drugs that reduce blood pressure .
  7. Heart drugs .
  8. Diuretics .

blood pressure
blood pressure

Treatment of hypotension (low blood pressure)

There are many ways to reduce hypertension . However , not so much information about hypotension has been written . The treatment to low blood pressure is different depending on the cause or the age , etc .Low blood pressure is usually not treated .

Keep in mind that this disease is the oposite of hypertension(High blood pressure) so the best tips to help you increase your high blood pressure are those one oposite to the treatment of hypertension.

  1. Consumption of buttermilk, salt, soda are recommended. (This should not be excessive).
  2. Your weight should be protected and balanced .
  3. You should not eat starchy foods.
  4. 2 liters of liquid should be taken every day.
  5. Walk and exercises should be done to adapt your blood pressure and your blood circulation .

What is hypertension ?

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is a continuous increase in pressure above the normal ( check out the table below for more information ) ,

when it is is usually higher than 140/90 mmHg .

Hypertension is not easy to detect you can have it for many years and not know about it .Statistics have shown that almost 1 billion people around the world suffer from hypertension .

This disease is more common for young people and also people aged between 30 and 40 years .

Average blood pressure range for your age

Causes of hypertension


The greater the weight, the more pressure on the artery wall .

Physical activity

Lack of activity causes an increase in heart rate, which forces them to work harder in every heart.


Chemicals found in cigarettes can damage artery walls.


Excessive consumption of sodium can lead to high blood pressure .


Low levels of potassium in the body increases the sodium in the cells, these two components are mutually balanced.


Repeated stress causes increase in blood pressure.


Alcohol abuse over time increases the risk of heart disease.


The risk of high pressure increases with age.

Common causes of hypertension

  1. Obesity .
  2. Smoking .
  3. Excessive sodium intake .
  4. Family history .
  5. Stressful lifestyle .
  6. Medications that contain steroids .
  7. Birth control pills.

Symptoms of hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

  1. Heart attack .
  2. Feeling of instability .
  3. Insomnia .
  4. Chest pain .
  5. Blood in the urine.
  6. Chronic sleepiness .
  7. Kidney failure .

Treatment of hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Treatment depends on the disease. If you are diagnosed from hypertension, in addition to pharmacological treatment, what plays a very important role is a proper diet and also regular exercise. People with hypertension should exercise daily and their eating habits should be changed completely . Meals have to be rich in fruits and vegetables, fatty meat should be replaced with fish, which contain value for our health omega-3 fatty acids, which also is very effective for lowering cholesterol . It is good to spend an hour every day for sport, even for a walk in the park


Here there are some foods against hypertension

  1. Spinach .
  2. Sunflower seeds .
  3. Banana .
  4. Some fish .
  5. Garlic.
  6. Tomatoes.
  7. Broccoli .

10 tips to lower blood pressure



If you think that you suffer from low blood pressure . Keep in mind that in many cases hypotension is not a serious disease, but we recommend you to visit a doctor if you think that is not the case . Long-term with this disease can lead to health problems such as cardio vascular diseases.

Blood pressure increases with age, which is good news for people suffering from hypotension. Unfortunately, this are not good news for people suffering from high blood pressure .


The treatment of hypertension can not rely solely on medication. You should also change your diet and exercise more. You have to lose weight , reduce the consumption of alcohol and eat less salt .

Untreated hypertension can lead to the devastation of four organs .

Pressure must be checked regularly , it must be measured at different times of day, because even in a healthy person, it can vary by 20 mmHg on the day than at night .

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      barbaracollins 5 years ago

      Wow there are so much information thanks for this.

    • profile image

      roberjones211 6 years ago

      Thanks for this useful information . I will try to follow some of these tips .

    • profile image

      smithjames220 6 years ago

      I have just understood the difference between hypertension and hypotension