ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

An Introduction to Health and Safety

Updated on October 18, 2011


Health and safety is all about the following three actions; assess, control and record.


Assess

Risk assessment involves thinking about something and working out the negative effect on mind and body.

The "something" or subject of the risk assessment may be a task someone is performing or it may be a physical thing like a piece of machinery.

The negative effect could be an injury to a person or animal or it could be stress that could lead to damaged mental and physical health.


Many a true word
Many a true word | Source

Control

Once a risk has been identified it needs to be controlled or better still removed.

This may be achieved through the following control measures; engineering, safety equipment, supervision, training, signage, personal protective equipment (PPE) and first aid.

Engineering - For example a guard to cover a moving part on a machine. Is a service or maintenance required? If a piece of machinery is unsafe due to a fault can it be locked off to prevent use?

Safety Equipment - Alarms, emergency lights, fire exits, access equipment, sprinkler system, RCBs (residual circuit breakers), fire extinguishers. All equipment should be checked and tested regularly.

Supervision - Life guard, etc.

Training - In the work place all employees should be given basic health and safety training such as manual handling, dealing with a fire, violence avoidance and disability awareness. Before using any equipment an employee should be given training for it.

Signage - Fire escape route signs, instructions to wear PPE in certain areas or if using certain equipment, no entry signs, please ask for assistance signs, health and safety notice board (contact your local authority to see what you need to display).

PPE - Safety shoes, high visibility jackets and vests, gloves, face shields, safety glasses, dust and vapour masks, aprons, ear plugs and defenders.

First Aid - Have at least one person on duty on each shift who is trained to deal with an injury incident. Well stocked first aid stations with eye wash should be within easy reach of all areas of a site. Ensure contents are in date.


Ah, those were the days
Ah, those were the days | Source

Record

Once you have assessed the situation you need to record your findings and detail what you have done or are going to do to reduce the risk.

This is useful for three reasons. First, it serves as a memory aid. Secondly, others can read your findings and be made aware of the hazard and thirdly the record is available for any authorities to view. This gives evidence you are showing due diligence.

Your records should contain the following; risk assessments, SWPs (safe working practices), training records, checklists, maintenance records, accident records, health and safety meeting minutes and other statutory documents such as licences and permits, etc.

Risk Assessment - Tell the story. What is the hazard? Who is at risk? What injury could result? Why could it happen? Record all the control measures you have put in place and any you are yet to action. Record who will action the measure and a date when it is due to be actioned and a date when it has been actioned. Communicate your assessment to your staff. Get appropriate staff to read it and sign that they understand it.

SWP - These documents should highlight the particular hazards of a task, the specific injuries that can result and detail how to carry out the task safely. Get your staff to sign that they have read and understood it.

Training Records - Record all training with names, dates and signatures of instructors and pupils. It is best if these records contain details of all the information covered in the training course. Some training will need to be carried out by persons with recognised technical qualifications.

Checklists - Keep a record of daily, weekly, monthly, 3 monthly, 6 monthly and yearly checks that you make around your site. Check everything to ensure it is as it should be. Check assessments are in place for all machinery and tasks. Check controls are in place, check equipment for damage. Check all documents are in place. Check the checks. Some checks will need to be made by persons who have the recognised technical qualifications.

Maintenance Records - Keep all records of maintenance carried out at your site.

Accident Records - If an accident occurs on your site you need to record as much relevant information as possible. Names, date, time, place, contact details, injuries, how did the accident happen and why, what first aid treatment was given and by whom, what has been done to prevent recurrence, witness statements, photos. Keep in mind that some serious injuries may need to be reported to the authorities.

Health and Safety Meeting Minutes - Best held on a quarterly basis these meetings will review your previous minutes and all your records made since the last meeting. Create a committee who can represent each department of your company and present issues that have been escalated from staff. Your meeting will produce an action plan stating issues discussed, action needed, dates when action is due to be completed, names of persons assigned to carry out the action and dates when the action is complete.


Keep safe.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)