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- Personality Disorders
Narcissism is an attitude of intense self-love, self-idealisation and an artificially inflated sense of one's own value, significance, importance and self-esteem, which calls for others to defer to, and recognize these highly valued attributes as an actual reality. Anything or anyone who questions or jeopardizes this view is likely to provoke a reaction of superior indignation followed by an attempt to discredit any other view.
The sexual instinct is directed towards one's own body or psychological attributes. By corollary, the narcissist is indifferent to other persons, unless by attracting their favorable attention his self-admiration is proportionately enhanced.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder affects approximately 1% of the population. According to Jeremy Hoffman BSc, Adiele Hughs BSc, Andrew Allard BA and Sarah Greenough BSc, numerous attributes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder are displayed in the character of Captain Jack Sparrow.
The psychoanalyst believes that a narcissistic individual is incapable of bestowing love upon anyone other than himself. Sometimes this extreme self-valuation of the person is made in defense against a sense of inadequacy and belittlement.
Psychoanalysts differentiate between primary and secondary narcissism. Developmentally, it is regarded as normal for the infant and young child to place this kind of value on himself; in moderation it is an aspect of normal pride in the self and its capacities and achievements.
Secondary narcissism Freud defined as that which occurs when love-objects are taken away or when the libido is redirected from the external objects or persons toward which it has been flowing.
Narcissism becomes a problem when it interferes with a person's capacity to acknowledge others and their skills and attributes, obstructing the development of a mutual relationship which can acknowledge the prime qualities in the other person.
The relationship with a narcissistic personality is likely to be a very one-sided affair, catering for the narcissistic needs of one person and obliterating any mutuality in the relationship.