Pulmonary edema is a problem caused by excess fluid in the lungs . This fluid collects in the bag many alveoli in the lungs , causing difficulty breathing .
In most cases , heart problems cause pulmonary edema . But the service can accumulate due to other reasons , including pneumonia , exposure to certain toxins , medications and exercise, live at altitude .
Pulmonary edema develop suddenly ( acute ) is a required emergency medical care immediately . Although pulmonary edema can sometimes be fatal , the outlook could be better treated if timely treatment of pulmonary edema with the basics . Treatment of pulmonary edema varies depending on the cause , but generally includes supplemental oxygen and medications .
Depending on the cause , pulmonary edema symptoms may appear suddenly or develop slowly .
Signs and symptoms can appear suddenly included
Extreme difficulty breathing .
Feeling of suffocation or drowning .
Wheezing or shortness of breath .
Anxiety , restlessness or feeling afraid .
Coughing up blood-stained phlegm bubble .
Sweating too much .
Chest pain , if pulmonary edema due to heart disease .
Tachycardia ( heart palpitations ) .
If you develop any signs or symptoms , call emergency medical help immediately . Pulmonary edema can be fatal if not treated .
Lungs contain many alveoli . With each breath , the bag alveolar oxygen exchange and carbon dioxide emissions . Typically , the gas exchange takes place with no problems .
But in certain cases , the alveolar -filled instead of air , preventing the absorption of oxygen into the blood . Some things can cause fluid buildup in the lungs , but most with cardiogenic pulmonary edema . Understanding the relationship between the heart and lungs could help explain why .
Treatments and drugs
Oxygen is the first step in the treatment of pulmonary edema . Commonly used oxygen through a face mask or nasal catheter - a flexible plastic tube with two holes to provide oxygen to each nostril . This will alleviate some of the symptoms . Sometimes support ventilator may be needed.