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pulmonary edema

Updated on April 9, 2016


Pulmonary edema is a problem caused by excess fluid in the lungs . This fluid collects in the bag many alveoli in the lungs , causing difficulty breathing .

In most cases , heart problems cause pulmonary edema . But the service can accumulate due to other reasons , including pneumonia , exposure to certain toxins , medications and exercise, live at altitude .

Pulmonary edema develop suddenly ( acute ) is a required emergency medical care immediately . Although pulmonary edema can sometimes be fatal , the outlook could be better treated if timely treatment of pulmonary edema with the basics . Treatment of pulmonary edema varies depending on the cause , but generally includes supplemental oxygen and medications .

The symptoms

Depending on the cause , pulmonary edema symptoms may appear suddenly or develop slowly .

Signs and symptoms can appear suddenly included

Extreme difficulty breathing .

Feeling of suffocation or drowning .

Wheezing or shortness of breath .

Anxiety , restlessness or feeling afraid .

Coughing up blood-stained phlegm bubble .

Sweating too much .

Pale .

Chest pain , if pulmonary edema due to heart disease .

Tachycardia ( heart palpitations ) .

If you develop any signs or symptoms , call emergency medical help immediately . Pulmonary edema can be fatal if not treated .


Lungs contain many alveoli . With each breath , the bag alveolar oxygen exchange and carbon dioxide emissions . Typically , the gas exchange takes place with no problems .

But in certain cases , the alveolar -filled instead of air , preventing the absorption of oxygen into the blood . Some things can cause fluid buildup in the lungs , but most with cardiogenic pulmonary edema . Understanding the relationship between the heart and lungs could help explain why .

Treatments and drugs

Oxygen is the first step in the treatment of pulmonary edema . Commonly used oxygen through a face mask or nasal catheter - a flexible plastic tube with two holes to provide oxygen to each nostril . This will alleviate some of the symptoms . Sometimes support ventilator may be needed.


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