ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Everything About The Bicycle Mechanism

Updated on February 13, 2010

The Modern Bicycle

Understanding the simple mechanism behind the bicycle helps us to use it in an efficient way and modify it in the way which best suits us.
Understanding the simple mechanism behind the bicycle helps us to use it in an efficient way and modify it in the way which best suits us.

Bicycles work on a rather simple mechanism. There is no major electrical or mechanical principle hidden behind it. It uses two simple techniques.

  • Applying friction in brakes to stop the bicycle
  • The gear mechanism make the bicycle go faster.

Let us see in detail about various bicycle parts before we go deeply into these principles. The main part of a bicycle is its center frame which is the base for all other parts.

Apart from the frame the major parts are two wheels, a handlebar, pedals, brakes, gears, chains and a seat. Of course additional equipments like front and back lights, bells, carriages and baskets are added as extra fittings. But a bicycle can very well run without them also.

Once the frame is manufactured two wheels are fitted to it first. To make the wheels move further the gear and chain mechanism is used.

Gears and Brakes:
Two gears rotate in opposite direction enabling the wheel to rotate faster and many times once it is pedaled. If gear steering mechanism is not there, our bicycle wheel will rotate only once when we pedal it. So we need be pedaling constantly and also the size of the front wheel has to be very big to cover at least a little distance in a considerable time.

Earlier bicycles were created without the gear mechanism and looked like this. They were extremely hard to drive.

James Starley was the first master mind to apply the gear mechanism in bicycles. Then there is the brake connected via cable to both these wheels. If the rotation of the wheels had to be stopped these brakes are pulled and automatically a friction is created stopping the wheels immediately. Browett and Harrison experimented a lot with this technology and finally patented it in their names in 1876.

Ball bearings:
The same concept used in brakes to stop the bicycle is used in ball bearings to make the bicycle run faster by reducing friction.

Ball bearing are found in bicycles in the fork tube, pedal, freewheels and front and back hubs of the wheels. Ball bearings make the handle bar turn smoothly, help us pedal easily and also helps smooth movement of wheels.

Ball bearings invented by Jules suriray are the small yellow balls shown in the figure. Whenever there is turn or movement the small balls rotate to adjust with it avoiding the direct contact of metals reducing friction. Ball bearings should be regularly cleaned and greased.

These are the two simple mechanisms applied in bicycle which makes it the most common, durable, household machine.

Nowadays lot of other technologies is used in bicycles. To name one we can mention the hydraulic and mechanical brakes, and various types of suspension methods. There is news stating the next generation bicycles are going to use thermostatic and electrical principles to make it more efficient. However the future for bicycle seems bright when we compare the old penny-farthing cycle to all these advancements.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Avan Josh 

      3 years ago

      This sight us very educative

    • profile image

      vamshilkrishna 

      5 years ago

      detail information with images is needed.

    • profile image

      Dean Kennedy 

      6 years ago

      i like cucumber

    • profile image

      thiswebsiteis 

      6 years ago

      rtjd

    • profile image

      josh 

      6 years ago

      this site gave me the info i needed

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)