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Trigger Point Therapy - Techniques and Self Massage Tools

Updated on February 14, 2013

What is Trigger Point?

Trigger point refers to the tiny areas of muscle stiffness (can be smaller than a pinhead up to a pea size) that are the consequences of small contraction knots that progress in the tissue and muscle area when the body gets injured or is overworked. They can be discrete and hyperritable spots and "triggers" a throbbing response, hence the name.

However, trigger points is far from being a mere tender nodule as this can affect not just the muscle where it is located but at the same time, this can also cause a "referred pain" in the nerves' supplied tissues. Aside from muscle pain, they can also manifest in other forms such as tension headache, tinnitus, back pain and decrease motion in the limbs.

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What are Some Forms of Trigger Point Therapy

Trigger points that develop in the muscles are painful upon compression and can influence tenderness ans pain to other areas of the body. They can contribute to an over all variety of painful conditions and can cause muscles to be weak and tight. There are several therapy and treatments available in order to alleviate this condition. This includes self help with the use of a workbook and trigger point therapy tools and working with a professional therapist.

Trigger point therapy comes in different forms and some of the options available are discussed below:

#1 Trigger Point Therapy Tools

TriggerPoint GRID Foam Roller with Free Online Instructional Videos, Original (13-inch), Black
TriggerPoint GRID Foam Roller with Free Online Instructional Videos, Original (13-inch), Black

Foam rollers are long cylinders made from foam, commonly having a length of 3” and diameter of 6”. The user’s body weight is being used in order to provide the pressure when you lie or sit on the roller. Rolling the muscles along this foam roller will break up the adhesions that are formed in the muscles, similar with what massage can do. Using foam roller in trigger point therapy will send signals to the brain in order to start the myofascial release process at worked on trigger points, which will then cause the body to slowly start removing the muscle knots. When done regularly, healthy muscles can possibly be restored and sustained.


Body Back Buddy & Mini-BBB Self Massage Tool Duo: Trigger Point ReliefCHECK PRICE

Trigger Point Performance Self Myofascial Release and Deep Tissue Massage Starter SetCHECK PRICE

Neck King - Hands-free Trigger Point Self Massage Tool for the Neck and BackCHECK PRICE

Travell and Simons' Trigger Point Flip ChartsCHECK PRICE

Trigger Points of Pain: Wall Charts (Set of 2)CHECK PRICE

Trigger Point Chart Set: Torso and ExtremitiesCHECK PRICE

Top Rated Self Help Books - Workbook that targets specific areas of the body

# 3 Massage Therapy

Trigger point therapy using massage is particularly designed in order to lessen the pain source through the use of various cycles of isolated release and pressure. For this kind of massage, the recipient will participate actively by deep breathing and determining the exact spot and intensity of discomfort. The benefits and results of trigger point massage therapy focus on releasing the muscles' constricted areas in order to reduce the pain. In a single treatment, one can already experience a remarkable pain reduction. Undergoing massage regularly will naturally help in managing stress and pain brought by chronic injuries.

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Gurin Massage RollerCHECK PRICE

Body Back Buddy Classic Trigger Point Massager - Pain Relief Self Massage Tool - The Best Self Massage Tool CHECK PRICE

# 4 Centers that offer therapy/treatment

Therapy or treatment for trigger points is now being offered. Some of the methods that can be used by therapists include myotherapy, pulsed ultrasound, mechanical vibration, dry needling, ischemic compression, electrostimulation, stretching techniques, Low Level Laser therapy, and "spray-and-stretch."

Trigger Point Performance Cold Roller: Foam Roller Alternative for Myofascial Release and Cold Compression RecoveryCHECK PRICE

Trigger Point Performance The Grid Revolutionary Foam Roller with SMRT-CORE Level 1 DVD CHECK PRICE

PB Elite Molded Foam Roller CHECK PRICE

# 5 Injection

Dry needling or injections with no anesthetics and injections that include saline, the local anesthetics like steroids, botulinum toxin, and procaine hydrochloride can provide more instant relief, becoming more efficient when the rest of the methods fail.

How Muscles Develop Trigger Points

As far as trigger points are concerned, no man is spared because practically all muscles might develop trigger points. The primary factors that can activate trigger points include persistent muscular strain, overuse or contraction (physical or emotional cause); adverse conditions of the environment (heat, damp, cold); trauma; febrile illness; prolonged immobility; and systemic biochemical imbalance which can be nutritional or imbalance.

The secondary factors that can cause muscles to develop trigger points include infections; food allergies and others; nutritional deficiencies, particularly iron, B-complex, and C; hormonal imbalance especially thyroid; and low tissue oxygenation. The compensating antagonist and synergist muscles to the ones that house the triggers might develop triggers as well.

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      ijssel578 4 years ago

      You have written well for the topic of Trigger Point Therapy. Thanks for sharing helpful tools to reduce pain. Do you know ultrasound therapy is very effective to reduce pain? I recommend you to read the article here:ultrasound in physical therapy

    • Snakesmum profile image

      Jean DAndrea 4 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      This has given me more information about some ongoing pain in a muscle area. Interesting.

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      jimporsche86 4 years ago

      I will have to try these ideas, I need a good massage.