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What is Diabetes

Updated on February 21, 2014

Diabetes is more common than ever before Diabetes is a disease caused by a lack of insulin (a hormone that your body relies upon to convert blood sugar into energy) in the body. So diabetes is a disease where your body does not produce enough insulin, or else the insulin it produces is not doing what it is supposed to do, which is to lower blood sugar.

Fighting diabetes is not at all easy because patients need to pay extra attention to preventing and even reversing, if possible, the complications of this disease. Diabetes is classified into type 1 as well as type 2 diabetes.

Type1 diabetes


Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is common in young adults and insulin is a must dose so it is known by the names early onset diabetes and insulin dependent diabetes.

Gestational diabetes is quite normal among pregnant women. In most cases, gestational diabetes is managed by diet and exercise and goes away after the baby is born.

Type 2 diabetes is one form of a disease that happens when blood sugar levels go beyond normal levels. Type 2 diabetes is more common among people who are above 40 years and above and insulin is not a required dose so it is known by the names as adult onset diabetes or insulin independent diabetes. It is accepted that one of the best ways to take care of your type two diabetes is indeed education. Diabetes is an ongoing disease; it is an incident when there is as well most of glucose in a tellurian body.

Damaged Metabolic Process in Type 2 Diabetes


Addressing Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is due to low prolongation of insulin or when receptors of cells stop reacting to insulin produced, this condition is referred as insulin resistance. So, adult onset diabetes is because of the body’s inability to regulate blood glucose levels or if the receptors of the cells fail to react to the insulin produced which is commonly known as insulin resistance. Adult onset diabetes is commonly found in people who 40 plus age.

While diabetes can be avoided by leading a healthy and active life style, it may be difficult to control diabetes once a person is affected by it. However, it is possible to control diabetes with half an hour of brisk walk or any other form of physical exercise, cutting down on consumption of carbohydrate, fat, and sugar to replace them with salad, skimmed milk, lean meat, fresh fruits and vegetables. In addition, there are effective medications to keep the blood glucose level from spiking high.

When diabetes is controlled, it will help prevent serious complications such as infections, kidney damage, eye damage, nerve damage, damage to feet and heart disease. If you are like me you probably thought diabetes is one of those things you have or don't have; nothing could be further from the truth because diabetes is now the biggest threat to health in the developed world and we are eating ourselves into it because of poor diet. Though type 2 diabetes is easy to control, it is somewhat a serious matter to take care. The world health organization, also known as WHO, recognizes that type 2 diabetes is a spreading epidemic throughout the world. They also watch closely where type two diabetes is developing and how fast the epidemic going upwards. Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that affects many millions of people worldwide.


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    • A_K profile image

      Ajit Kumar Jha 5 years ago from Delhi

      Most people do not suspect they have diabetes unless complications strike them. They best thing is to go for periodical regular checkups.

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      what is diabetes 6 years ago

      Diabetes can lead to some dreadful complications as you mentioned. I'm wondering how many people unknowingly have diabetes and aren't aware of its potential dangers.