ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Incontinence Symptoms and Treatment

Updated on December 31, 2016

Incontinence of Feces

Incontinence is the inability of the body to control the discharge of waste products. Incontinence of feces takes two forms:

1) those patients who are aware of passing a small amount of feces through the anus but are physically incapable of stopping it.

2) those who are not aware of passing the feces but may have been able to stop it if they had been aware.

Included in the first group patients are those with severe diarrhea (such as cholera, gastroenteritis), women after childbirth (the anal canal may be torn), and patients who have had operations on the anus. In these cases, the condition causing this type of incontinence is usually of short duration and may be treatable. While it may be a considerable inconvenience it is usually a short-term problem.

The sadder and much more difficult situation occurs with those who are not aware of their own body to know that they are soiling themselves. This includes patients who are in a coma or unconscious (due to disease or injury), cases of paralysis of the lower half of the body (paraplegics and quadriplegics), the elderly (such as advanced Alzheimer's disease), the mentally deranged and those with subnormal mentality. Most of these cases cannot be cured, and the problem is long-term.

In these cases the wearing of nappies and use of protective sheeting in beds becomes routine. Careful attention to hygiene and cleanliness by attendants is essential to avoid rashes and sores developing on the buttocks and around the anus of the patient and the spread of disease and infection to those attending to their needs.

Treating Incontinence

  • Immediately after childbirth exercises to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor should be undertaken by women. These can also be done in the early stages of incontinence to help control the bladder function as normally as possible.
  • A patient can practice stopping and starting the urinary stream several times whenever they go to the toilet. A physiotherapist can teach the finer details of these exercises.

If the problem has progressed beyond control by exercise alone, the options are limited.

  • In younger women, an operation to correct the abnormal bladder urethra angle is usually successful.
  • Men can also have an operation, but it is not as successful as in women.
  • In older women, a specially shaped rubber ring may be worn inside the vagina to put pressure on the urethra and prevent urine from escaping. These rings are fitted and checked regularly by a doctor.
  • In elderly and paralyzed men, it is often more practical to use a collecting bag, as this can be easily attached to the penis.

As with most diseases, the earlier incontinence is treated, the better the results. And prevention is even better than cure.

Incontinence of Urine

Uncomfortable, distasteful, embarrassing, unpleasant, intolerable, distressing and very annoying... these are just some of the words to describe the feelings associated with urinary incontinence

It is a topic that is never discussed with friends or family. Incontinence is usually associated with the old man lying on a nursing home bed. But surprisingly, it is far more common in women, and many relatively young women in their thirties or earlier can be effected by it.

Incontinence is the loss of urine from the bladder at times when such loss is not desirable. It can vary from constant bed-wetting, to the occasional dribble when a woman jumps, coughs or laughs.

The most common cause of incontinence is the damage done during childbirth to the genitals, and this is the reason for women being the victims far more frequently than men. Other causes include urinary infections, confusion in the elderly, bladder injury, strokes, epilepsy and damage to the spinal cord in quadriplegics and paraplegics.

The urethra is the tube that exits urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In women it is only 1 cm long. It leaves the bladder at an acute angle, and this angle causes the pressure of the urine inside the bladder to keep the urethra closed. It requires a voluntary muscular effort to open the urethra and allow the urine to escape. The stretching that occurs during childbirth can cause this critical angle to be lost and the urethra to become a straight tube leading from the bladder to the outside. Any pressure put on the bladder, or any significant volume of urine, can then cause incontinence. Unfortunately this straightened tube can also allow bacteria and infection to enter the bladder more easily and cause the pain and discomfort of cystitis.

The bladder is controlled by nerves, and damage to the nervous system by a stroke or the cutting of the spinal cord in paraplegics can also lead to incontinence.

Please Note:


  • The information provided on this page is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a registered physician or other healthcare professional.

  • The content of this page is intended only to provide a summary and general overview. Do not use this information to disregard medical advice, nor to delay seeking medical advice.

  • Be sure to consult with your doctor for a professional diagnosis and appropriate medical treatment.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)