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Wonderful Jain cave temples at Ellora

Updated on December 6, 2011
A sculpture at 'Indrasabha cave' (chota Kailas), one of the five Jain caves at Ellora.
A sculpture at 'Indrasabha cave' (chota Kailas), one of the five Jain caves at Ellora. | Source
Lord Parshwanatha statue,present in the 31st cave,Ellora(Author is seen)
Lord Parshwanatha statue,present in the 31st cave,Ellora(Author is seen) | Source
Siddayini yakshi,Ellora cave
Siddayini yakshi,Ellora cave | Source
Lord Gometeshwara statue.cave 31,Ellora
Lord Gometeshwara statue.cave 31,Ellora | Source
Parshwanatha staute,closer view
Parshwanatha staute,closer view | Source

Cave temples are perhaps abundant in India than in any other part of the world.Nearly 200 cave temples are carved here in different states like Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa(Odisha) ,Goa, etc. Cave temples at Ajanta and Ellora( both in Maharashtra state) are remarkable. While caves in Ajanta are only Buddhist, Ellora caves belong to all three main religions -Vaidic,(Brahminic),Jain, and Buddhism.

Ellora is only a village just 30 away from the prominent city of Aurangabad,in Maharashtra.Aurangabad is well connected by rail, road, and air routes.

Period of making

Jaina caves at Ellora were carved from the close of 8th century and completed by 10th century.Hindu and Buddhist caves were carved earlier.These wee carved by the patronage of Rashtrakuta Kings who ruled the area then They belonged to Karnataka and there was their headquarters.

King Amoghavarsha Nrupathunga, who ruled the kingdome for 64 years,initiated the making of these caves.

Five Jain caves

Out of 34 cave temples at Ellora, five are dedicated to Jainism. These 34 cave temples are almost in a horizontal line.Jain caves are at the northern end of this line.these are numbered 30 to 34.All caves belong to Digambar Jain sect.

Many images

In these caves many images of Thirthankaras, Yakshas, yakshis, Animals are seen.Details of each cave is given here:

Cave 30 -

This is known as Chota kailas, comparing to cave 16, Kailasnath temple,
the Vaidic cave, dedicated to Lord Shiva.This has fine statue carvings of
thirthankaras, and yaksha yakshis,dancing figures, animals, etc
Cave 31
This is dedicated to Tirthankara Parshwanatha.He is the 23 rd tirthankara according to Jainism.In this cave, statues of Matanga Yaksha and Yakshi Siddayini are beautifully carved.Big carvings of Lord Mahaveera,And Gomateshwara, are present.

Cave 32
This is locally called Indrasabha-i.e. the assembly of Indra-the king of gods.This is finest of all.this has first floor also.Rich carving is seen here. Statue of Lord Mahaveera,Yaksha Kubera,Dhanalakshmi, and many animals are seen.
This is known as 'Jagannath sabha'.This is also a fine cave complex. This has upstair also.
Cave 34
This is a small one.There is a small hall.Mahaveera and yaksha, yakshi idols are there.

These Jain caves are about 3 apart from the Kailasnath temple cave, infront of which tourists usually stop.But it is much worthy to to hire a vehicle and visit these caves first and then come to main part of the hill, where other caves are seen.


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    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 4 years ago from Tumkur

      Much research work is available on that subject. Ellora caves are ofearly Christian centuries.Indian civilization had well developed by 2000 B.C. itself

    • Elias Zanetti profile image

      Elias Zanetti 4 years ago from Athens, Greece

      Fantastic! I wish i could visit one day, I know literary next to nothing about Indian civilization of that time.

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 4 years ago from Tumkur

      Thank you very much

    • jainismus profile image

      Mahaveer Sanglikar 4 years ago from Pune, India

      I have had visited this place few years ago. The images in these caves are beautiful carved. I liked the image of Matang Yaksha, which is a subject of my research.

      Voted up and shared.

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 6 years ago from Tumkur

      The above replay is mine own. By some mistake, it has appeared as 'anonymous'

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Thanks Dr. Yogeesh,These photoes are taken from my mobile Camera. I have written another hub on jain temples in Karnataka.Follow the link below.

    • profile image

      Dr.Yogeesh Tumkur 6 years ago

      Nice information about ellora. The caves are beautiful .but photos are not up to the mark . please give more information about jain art of karnataka.

    • profile image

      Surendra Kumar,Bhilai 6 years ago

      I have visited Ellora but not seen Jain caves. In fact, nobody told us such beautiful caves are there.Thanks for this eye opening hub.