Fun Historical Facts About Independence Day (4th of July)
Independence Day Fireworks on the 4th of July
Independence Wasn't Always the Goal
At the start of the American Revolutionary War, in 1775, only the minority of the American colonists favored a break with England. However, as the war continued, the tides turned.
The original issue behind the Revolutionary War was that the American colonists were being heavily taxed by Great Britain, but didn’t have any representation in English Parliament. This lead to the famous slogan, “Taxation without representation.”
In the first year of the war, it became clear that success would not be found unless the colonies declared their independence from their mother empire.
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The First Continental Congress and Official Motion for Independence
It took great effort to convene the first continental congress as the 13 colonies operated as independent colonies at the time. However, there was a general consensus that a discussion on how to fund General George Washington’s Revolutionary army was needed. Eventually they met with this discussion as one of their primary objectives.
On June 7, 1776, at the Pennsylvania State house, now known as Independence Hall, delegate Richard Henry Lee from Virginia proposed a motion for independence. He wrote:
"Resolved: That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved."
The Committee Behind the Declaration of Independence
On June 11, consideration of the movement was postponed when the colonies voted 7:5, with New York declining to vote. However, a committee of 5 people was appointed to draft a statement that presented the colonies case for independence to the world. On the committee was Thomas Jefferson from Virginia, Benjamin Franklin from Pennsylvania, John Adams from Massachusetts, Roger Sherman from Connecticut and Robert R. Livingston from New York. Although he was the youngest member of the committee, Thomas Jefferson was considered the most eloquent writer and was the primary author of this statement.
It’s interesting to note that this committee was not considered the most important committee to be on in June and July of 1776. For example, John Adams was the most enthusiastic member of the committee about declaring independence from England. He believed that he had already written the document that was going to lead to independence in May of 1776.
The movement for independence was re-visited on July 2, 1776. The vote was unanimous in the affirmative, with the exception of New York, who again declined to vote. New York later voted in the affirmative.
Jefferson-the Father of American Independence
Debate Over Which Day is Independence Day
The events of this day led some of the founding fathers, particularly John Adams, to believe that Independence Day should be celebrated on July 2, not July 4. According to the History Channel John Adams wrote his wife, Abigail, saying, “July 2 ‘will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary Festival’ and that the celebration should include ‘Pomp and Parade…Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations from one End of this Continent to the other.’”
The article also states that John Adams felt so passionately that July 2nd should be Independence Day that he declined invitations to speak at and attend Independence Day celebrations held on July 4.
Acceptance of the Declaration of Independence
Eighty Six changes were made to Thomas Jefferson’s original draft, and on July 4, 1776, the 5th draft of the committee’s statement was accepted by the continental congress as the official Declaration of Independence. The first draft can be seen in the Library of Congress and the fifth and official version is kept in the National Archives, a few blocks away. One of the reasons this document was monumental was because it took the blame from Parliament and shifted it to include the King, King George III, himself. While we herald the document as a great act of revolution and freedom today, it was also as treasonous as a document can be.
Publication of the Declaration and the Ringing of the Liberty Bell
The Pennsylvania Evening Post was the first newspaper to print the Declaration of Independence. It did so on July 6, 1776. The famous ringing of the Liberty Bell occurred 2 days later, on July 8, 1776, at the first official public reading of the declaration.
Liberty Bell-the Symbol of American Independence
History of 4th of July Fireworks
Although cannon salutes were originally one of the most popular methods of celebrating, fireworks have been part of the celebration of Independence Day from the beginning. They were officially approved for use in Independence Day celebrations by congress on July 4, 1777, the first anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Today, more than 14,000 fireworks displays occur every year. The largest of which is Macy’s Fourth of July Spectacular held in New York City. The show includes roughly 7500 pounds of fireworks during the thirty minute show.
Which Three Presidents Died on Independence Day?
Another interesting fact is that 3 of the US Presidents have passed away on the Fourth of July. All three were founding fathers. John Adams, the 2nd US President, and Thomas Jefferson, the 3rd US president, died within hours of each other on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the signing of the declaration. Both men signed the Declaration of Independence. James Monroe, the 5th US president, died July 4, 1841. Although he didn't sign the Declaration, he did sign the US constitution.
Independence Day: An Official Holiday
Even though the Fourth of July has been celebrated since the first anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, it hasn’t always been a national holiday. Independence Day was officially made a legal federal holiday in 1941. It is one of 4 federal holidays that are celebrated on the same calendar day every year.