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Eid Ul Adha - Bakr Id - the Muslim Festival of Sacrifice

Updated on June 22, 2020
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Eid Ul Adha 2020

Eid Ul Adha or Bakr Id this year is on 31 July 2020

Eid Namaaz (Prayers) At The Taj Mahal


About Eid Ul Adha | Bakr Id

Eid Ul Adha is also known as Bakr Id in India, because of the traditional sacrifice of a goat (called Bakri in Urdu).

It is a Muslim religious holiday festival and is also called by other names like Eid Ul Zuha, Qurbani Eid, Eid of Sacrifice, Greater Eid etc.

The word Eid in Arabic means festival and Zuha becomes translated into meaning sacrifice; Qurbani also means sacrifice.

There are 2 main Eids in Islam :

  • Eid Ul Fitr - celebrated at the end of the month of Ramadan
  • Eid Ul Adha - celebrated at the end of Hajj (annual pilgrimage to Mecca undertaken by Muslims, worldwide)

Id Ul Adha or Bakr Id is celebrated by both Shia as well as Sunni Muslims.

Eid Ul Adha celebrations start after the completion of Hajj. This festival comes about 70 days after Eid Ul Fitr. It is celebrated from the 10th to 12th day in the month of Dhul Hijjah.

Every able Muslim is directed to go on a Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his lifetime.

(Note : Id is also written as Eid. Both forms have been used in this hub).

Muslims Offering Prayers At The Taj Mahal

Some Beautiful And Healthy Animals For Sale

Eid Ul Adha is a festival that Muslims around the world celebrate with special prayers, greeting and gifts. It is one of the most important Muslim festivals.

Early in the morning Muslims dress in their best clothes and proceed to the mosque to offer (namaaz) prayers. Prayers are offered collectively by hundreds of Muslims for peace & prosperity. Prayers can be offered in the mosque or in an open air area called Eidgah.

Bakr Id is celebrated over a period of 3 days and 2 nights. The animal (goat, sheep, cow or camel) sacrifice can be given before sunset on the 3rd day.

Muslims in India mostly sacrifice a goat or sheep to commemorate the sacrifice of their prophet Ibrahim, who showed his willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail, as per Allah's wish.

Each financially capable Muslim is supposed to sacrifice an animal. Those who cannot afford, can collectively offer a single animal for sacrifice. After the sacrifice, 1/3 of the meat is kept for personal consumption, 1/3 is given to friends and relatives and 1/3 is distributed among the poor and needy.

The skin or proceeds from its sale is donated to charitable institutions, orphanages or madrasas.

The sacrificial meat is distributed once the Id prayers are offered. Along with this special delicacies are prepared on this occasion for friends and relatives.

The animals meant for sacrificed are cared for very well and are given good healthy food so as to make them put on weight and look good. The price a good looking healthy animal fetches is more and there are markets where these animals can be bought for this festival.

Muslims wish each other 'Eid Mubarak", visit family and friends, serve specially prepared food and exchange gifts. Children are given gifts called 'idi and money.

This festival is celebrated in a big way in India with traditional fervor and gaiety.

This day is also significant as on this day the Holy Quran was declared complete.

Bakr Id is a national holiday in India. All central & state government offices, post offices, banks are closed on this day.

Eid Gah

The open place meant for offering prayers
The open place meant for offering prayers | Source

Legend Of Bakr Id

Hazrat Ibrahim was a Muslim religious leader. Once, he had a dream in which he saw that Allah commands him to sacrifice his son. Ibrahim had gotten his son after years of praying and it was very difficult for him to carry out this order. But he soon realized that Allah wanted to test his faith and obedience to His will. He told his son Ismail of his dream. Ismail was not found wanting.

Both Ibrahim and his son reached the place where the prophet was supposed to offer the sacrifice. This was at a place called Mina near Mecca.

As Ibrahim was about to carry out the sacrifice, he heard Allah's voice say to him that he had passed the test of devotion and he needn't now sacrifice his son and advised him to sacrifice a lamb instead.

Hence, on Bakr Id the ceremonial sacrifice of a goat or sheep is done to commemorate the supreme sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim and the celebrations of Id Ul Zuha commemorate this historical incident of faith and devotion of Ibrahim in Allah.

Some Eid Recipes

  • Fish Kebab Recipe

With yogurt, lemon juice and Indian spices

  • Chicken Mughlai Recipe

With Indian spices, sugar and cream

  • Boti Kebab

With Lamb, yogurt and Indian spices

To see the above recipes click HERE

  • Kashmiri Biryani

With chicken, yogurt, milk, dry fruits, saffron and Indian spices

To see recipe click HERE

Zarda Pulao Recipe | Meethe Chawal Recipe | Sweet Rice Recipe

Calculated Dates For Bakr Id 2012 & Beyond

October 26
October 15
October 4
September 23
September 11
September 1
August 18
August 11
July 31
July 20

The Bakr Id dates are calculated on the basis of the Islamic or the lunar calendar and as such are tentative. Confirmed dates are dependent on sighting of the moon. The dates are corrected 10 days before the festival begins. These dates are announced by the Supreme Judicial Council in Saudi Arabia.

© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly


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    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      2 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thank you Eman

    • Emmy ali profile image

      Eman Abdallah Kamel 

      2 years ago from Egypt

      Nice photos, informative article, interesting to read, thank you.

    • mk-globetrotter profile image

      Mustafa Khursheed 

      5 years ago

      Well, that is freat! Thank You for replying!

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      mk, the word paaji is actually Bhaaji meaning brother. Non Punjabis who are unfamiliar with the correct pronunciation, would pronounce it as such. Anyway, bhaaji means brother, esp an elder brother. Yes, all males can be addressed as bhaaji if the age difference is not too much.

      By the way, mk I am originally from Mumbai.

      Shifted to Jalandhar about 15 years back. So would'nt know about the show/serial you are talking about.

      I'm no expert on anything but I'll definitely go read your hub and see what I can understand.

      Thanks and have a nice day.

    • mk-globetrotter profile image

      Mustafa Khursheed 

      5 years ago

      Thank You for replying Rajan Jolly! I have followed you and your articles seem amazing! It would be great if you would follow back. Also, could i ask u a favor. It would be awesome if u could go through my hub on the Top Cities of the Muslim World and provide some expert criticism by commenting. Thanks.

      Also i see, that u are from Jalandhar. I guess a show used to come on t.v named Jugni chali Jalandhar which was about the same place, i believe.

    • mk-globetrotter profile image

      Mustafa Khursheed 

      5 years ago

      Well, thank you once again for answering. And you are right about the celebration in Muslim Countries. Also it would be great to know whether every sikh can be called Paaji?

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      5 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      mk-globetrotter thanks for appreciating the hub. I'm a Sikh and though Sikhs originated from Hindus, not the religion however, it has a different set of beliefs and customs ever since.

      Eid is a Muslim festival so it's bound to be celebrated with more ardour in Muslim countries including Pakistan.

    • mk-globetrotter profile image

      Mustafa Khursheed 

      5 years ago

      Rajan Excellent Hub which illuminates us about Eid ul Adha. It is celebrated in Pakistan also with a lot of pomp and pageantry! I would like to ask if you are a Sikh or a Hindu and also if both religions have any connection! Thanks.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      7 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Glad to know you found this useful. Thanks Devika.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      7 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Each culture has their own beliefs and I respect that, I learned something new here and enjoyed reading this Hub

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      @ Hunbbel Meer - Thanks very much for finding the hub worthy of appreciation. Coming from a Muslim it means a lot. Thanks for all the votes and sharing. Wish you a belated Eid Mubarak as well.

      @ Silvia - Thanks for your input and visit. I love knowing about other festivals and sharing my knowledge as well.

      Thanks for visiting.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Ishwaryaa, thank you for your visit, support and the comments. Much appreciated as ever.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Lovely Hub! Thank you for sharing and educating people. I was lucky enough to work with a number of people from different faiths and cultures including Muslim and the shared a number of the holidays and their culture with us. It was always a lovely experience for us all.

    • Hunbbel Meer profile image

      Syed Hunbbel Meer 

      8 years ago from Karachi, Pakistan.

      Hello Rajan,

      I am really, really glad for this hub. As I am a Muslim, I thoroughly appreciate your efforts here.

      Moreover, the best thing about your hub is the in-depth explanation of the real concept of our Eid, i.e. to show your piety and offer a chance to the poor ones as well to enjoy different foods.

      Allah says: "It is not their meat, nor their blood that reaches Allah; it is your piety that reaches Him."

      Congratulations for such a wonderful hub! Voted up, awesome and shared! Be blessed, and a belated Eid Mubarak to you :)

    • ishwaryaa22 profile image

      Ishwaryaa Dhandapani 

      8 years ago from Chennai, India

      An informative hub on Eid. Through your well-written hub, I came to know about 2 main Eids and its legend. Food prepared on this day are indeed delicious and I will be checking out new recipes listed by you.

      Thanks for SHARING. Useful & Interesting. Voted up & shared

    • profile image


      8 years ago

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Hi tipstrix,

      Thanks for reading and I'm glad you like the info. I'll be checking your Eid hub too. Eid Mubarak to you too. Have a great one!

    • tipstrix profile image


      8 years ago from Pakistan

      Very nice hub. I wrote a hub today on Eid ul Adha but your's is great one. Eid Mubarak to you and all.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Hi Millionaire Tips,

      Thanks for coming by and I'm glad you like the history behind the festival of Bakr Id. Thanks for visiting and for the wishes.

    • Millionaire Tips profile image

      Shasta Matova 

      8 years ago from USA

      An early Idd Mubarak to you Rajan! This is a well presented article about the history and celebration of this important holiday for Muslims. Voted up.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      @ and QURBANI, I appreciate your comments and feelings. Thanks for reading.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      QURABNI have grate importance such a nice event

    • profile image 

      8 years ago

      Qurbani is that it is a display of entire syndication to Allah and a evidence of comprehensive follow to Allah’s will or order. When a Muslim offers a ‘Qurbani this is accurately what he wants to prove. Thus, the ‘Qurbani offered signifies that he is a slave of Allah at his best. And that he would not wait even for a time once he receives a complete order from his Creator to give up before it, to respect it voluntarily, even if it be at the price of his life and belongings.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      @ alocsin - thanks for your input. Sharing is always better, isn't it? Glad you liked the hub. appreciate the votes/share.

      @ livingsta - glad you now know more about this festival. Thanks for the votes/share.

    • livingsta profile image


      8 years ago from United Kingdom

      Useful information Rajan. I knew about the festival, but never knew the meaning behind this. Thank you for sharing! Voted up and useful!

    • alocsin profile image

      Aurelio Locsin 

      8 years ago from Orange County, CA

      I like the idea for dividing festival sacrifices because it's more social. If it were me, I'd keep the whole thing for myself ;) I'd pick the lamb, though, because that's my favorite meat. Voting this Up and Interesting. SHARED.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      @ unknown spy - thank you.

      @ carol - thanks very much for the read/vote/share.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 

      8 years ago from Arizona

      I always love your hubs as I learn something new in an arena I am not familiar. I also love your hubs on healthy ideas. You did a great job in describing...and thanks for my lesson today. Voted UP and shared.

    • unknown spy profile image

      Life Under Construction 

      8 years ago from Neverland

      i always love the story behind the Taj Mahal :)

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thanks Bill. I appreciate your sparing time to read about the festival of sacrifice. I hope I have been able to do justice to the topic.Thanks for the compliments.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      8 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Hubs like this are so important. They raise awareness, and increase understanding of other cultures. We Americans are so lazy when it comes to learning about other cultures, but we are also opinionated with no knowledge to base that opinion upon. Great job Rajan!

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      8 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA.

      Thanks for the input Nell. Id is celebrated in a big way in India. I'm glad you liked the hub. Thanks for reading.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      8 years ago from England

      Hi rajan, really fascinating hub, I remember when I used to work in my office, we had so many different faiths there so we always celebrated each and every one. My friend told me about Eid, and so we always brought in soft drinks to celebrate with her, wonderful, and voted up!


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