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Eid al Fitr (2018) - Eid ul Fitr - Ramadan Eid - Islamic Festival

Updated on December 20, 2017
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a botany and chemistry major. He has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Eid al-Fitr Date 2018

Eid al-Fitr

will begin in the evening of 14 June 2018

and

will end in the evening of 15 June 2018

Istiqlal Mosque - on Eid ul Fitr

Thousands of the Indonesian muslims congregrated during Eid ul Fitr mass prayer in Istiqlal Mosque, the largest mosque in Southeast Asia, located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.
Thousands of the Indonesian muslims congregrated during Eid ul Fitr mass prayer in Istiqlal Mosque, the largest mosque in Southeast Asia, located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. | Source

About Eid al-Fitr

Eid al-Fitr is popularly called Eid ul-Fitr and Ramzan Eid. Eid al-Fitr translated into English means "festival of breaking of the fast" as Eid al-Fitr marks and celebrates the end of the Islamic holy month of fasting, Ramzan which is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar.

Fasting is called Roza. It is kept from break of dawn to dusk. Roza or fasting is abstaining from food all day, drinking, gambling & sex.

Muslims not only celebrate the end of the month long fasting but also thank Allah for the help and strength that He gave them throughout to help them complete it successfully and practice self control.

The holy Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammed in the month of Ramzan or Ramadan.

Eid al-Fitr falls on the last day of month of Ramadan which is the 1st day of the month of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar.

The date of Eid al-Fitr is based on the Islamic lunar calendar, the Hiijri calendar, and, therefore, its date, as well as the date of start of any lunar Hiijri month, depends on the local sighting of the new moon by the local religious authorities.

The date of Eid al-Fitr can vary in different areas of the world.Thus the festival can be celebrated on different days depending on the sighting of the new moon.

However, most people, if they are not able to sight the new moon, base their celebrations on the declaration made in Saudi Arabia.

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated during the first 3 days of Shawwal.

Of the 2 Eids in a year, (the other being Eid al-Adha) Eid al-fitr is the first Eid of the year and the smaller Eid of the two. It is also known as Choti Eid.

Eid al-Fitr is also called Sweet Eid because most of the dishes made and consumed on this festival are sweet.

Eid al-Adha is called Salty Eid as most of the dishes made and consumed on this occasion are savory.

History of Eid al-Fitr

Prophet Muhammed was blessed with Divine knowledge in the month of Ramzan (the Holy Quran being revealed to him. This was in the last 10 days of the month). He then ordained the entire month of Ramzan be kept for fasting and prayer which Muslims follow to this day.

It is believed that the Eid al-Fitr festival first started in Medinah when Prophet Muhammed first migrated to Medina from Mecca. According to a hadith, (a collection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad which, with accounts of his daily practice (the Sunna) constitute the major source of guidance for Muslims apart from the Koran) attributed to Anas Ibn Malik, a companion of the prophet, the festivals of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha were instituted by the prophet after his migration to Medinah.

The First Eid al-Fitr

The first Eid al-Fitr was celebrated in 624 CE by Prophet Muhammed following victory in the battle of Jang-e-Badar

The Eid al-Fitr Day

On Eid, Muslims wake up early to offer Salat ul-Fajr. Following this they have ghusl (bath), apply perfume (just the men), have breakfast and head off for Salat al-Eid, (a community prayer), held at special prayer grounds.

They recite the takbir (chant Allahu Akbar, a declaration of faith), on their way there. A special charity called Zakat al-Fitr is given, which is supposed to be given before offering the Eid prayer.

Eid Prayers at Barashalghar, Debidwar, Comilla

Offering Eid Prayers
Offering Eid Prayers | Source

Eid al Fitr Celebratons

Eid al Fitr celebrations continue for 2 to 3 days. These begin from the pre Eid night.

On the pre Eid night people go on a shopping spree in markets and malls. These extend till late into the night. New clothes are bought, food purchased, women apply mehndi (henna) on their hands and wear colorful bangles.

On the occasion of Eid al-fitr special prayers are held in mosques and large grounds, from sunrise to noon, the world over, wherever Muslims reside.

Muslims wear new clothes, greeting "Eid Mubarak" and embrace one another. Gifts are exchanged, children are given Eidi (a token amount of cash) by elders in the family. Children offer salaam (greetings) to parents & acquaintances and are on their best behavior.

Mosques are filled with people offering prayers. Charity or Fitra is given in the belief that given at this time charity is rewarded manifold. It is time to distribute Zakat or donation of 2.5% of one's yearly earnings.

After Eid prayers families visit the graves of their deceased members and offer prayers for them.

Special meals and delicacies are prepared and shared with relatives and friends. This is the time for thanksgiving as well as great merriment.

Eid revelry is shared by the non Muslims as well.

Eid Meal

A family celebrating Eid (End of Ramadan) in Tajikistan.
A family celebrating Eid (End of Ramadan) in Tajikistan. | Source

The Sunnah of Eid (Practices of Prophet Muhammad)

  1. Wake up early.
  2. Prepare for personal cleanliness, take care of details of clothing, etc.
  3. Take a Ghusl (bath) after Fajr.
  4. Brush your teeth.
  5. Dress up, putting on best clothes available, whether new or cleaned old ones.
  6. Use perfume (men only).
  7. Have breakfast on Eid-al-Fitr before leaving for prayer ground. On Eid-al-Adha, eat breakfast after Salaat or after sacrifice if you are doing a sacrifice.
  8. Pay Zakaat-al-Fitr before Salaat-al-Eid (on Eid-al-Fitr).
  9. Go to prayer ground early.
  10. Offer Salaat-al-Eid in congregation in an open place except when whether is not permitting like rain, snow, etc.
  11. Use two separate route to and from the prayer ground.
  12. Recite the following Takbir on the way to Salaat and until the beginning of Salaat-al-Eid. On Eid-al-Adha, Takbir starts from Mughrib on the 9th Zdilhijjah and last until the Asr on the 12th Zdilhijjah: Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. La ila-ha ill-lal-lah. Allaho-Akber, Allaho-Akber. Wa-lilahill hamd. (Allah is greater, Allah is greater. There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater, Allah is greater. And all praises are for Allah).

Source: http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/hajj/Adha/sunnah_of_eid.htm

For Muslims, Eid and its celebrations carry a different and distinctive meaning and spirit, in that, it is time to celebrate the occasion by offering prayers & thanks to Allah for His bounties and celebrate His glory and greatness rather than indulging in indiscriminate eating & drinking or immersing in other wordly pleasures or prohibited acts.

Seviyan Kheer

Vegetable rice Pulao

Eid al-Fitr Recipes and Foods

A number of mouthwatering dishes and delicacies are prepared to celebrate this festival. Some of these are:

  • Badam Phirni (a rice & almond pudding)
  • Haleem (a savory dish made with lamb)
  • Nawabi Biryani (a delectably flavored non-vegetarian rice dish fir for Kings)
  • Seviyan (a traditional dessert made with vermicelli, milk & dry fruits)
  • Gulab Jamun (a ball shaped milk dessert immersed in sugar syrup)
  • Ras Malai (a sweet dessert prepared with milk)
  • Vegetable Pulao (a rice-veggies dish)
  • Kheer (a dessert of rice cooked in milk)

© 2017 Rajan Singh Jolly

Comments

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    • Emmy ali profile image

      Eman Abdallah Kamel 

      13 months ago from Egypt

      It is very excellent article, thanks for your important information about Ramadan month, Eid al- Fitr, and it is very interesting article to read.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      17 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for stopping by Devika.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      17 months ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Informative and interesting about a different culture.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      17 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thank you Shaloo Walia.

    • swalia profile image

      Shaloo Walia 

      17 months ago from India

      Quite informative...There were things that I didn't know before.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      17 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for appreciating the hub Chitrangada.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      17 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Glad you found the article informative Flourish. Thanks for stopping by.

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      17 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      MsDora for Muslims it is a time to thank Allah for having given them the strength to complete the month long fast successfully and thus they celebrate it by offering prayers first and then the merrymaking follows. Thanks for reading.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      18 months ago from The Caribbean

      The devotion of Muslims to the worship and celebration of these festivals is quite impressive. Thanks for sharing the details. That spread sure looks bountiful!

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 

      18 months ago from USA

      I knew nothing about this, so your article was enlightening. Thank you!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      18 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Very impressive and detailed article about Eid celebrations!

      I know about the Namaz, the fast and delicious food associated with this festival. But your hub tells so many other details I didn't know about.

      Thanks for sharing this excellent informative hub!

    • rajan jolly profile imageAUTHOR

      Rajan Singh Jolly 

      18 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thank you Vekatachari M.

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 

      18 months ago from Hyderabad, India

      You have provided some nice, interesting, and useful information about Ramjan celebrations.

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