Hindu New Year Festivals in Various Regions of India
Hindu New Year start days are based on Hindu Panchang that is celebrated on various days at various states of India. Generally that falls in the month of March-April, but the dates of celebration vary based on solar (Sun) and lunar (Moon) calendars. Also at some part of India People do not consider New Year start based to calendar dates.
New Year start dates in India for year 2017.
28th March 2017
According to “Lunar calendar”, start from 1st day of Hindu “Chaitra” month
14th April 2017
According to “Solar calendar”, start from 1st day of Hindu “Chaitra” month
20th Oct. 2017
Start from 1st day of Vikaram Samvat Calendar month
14th Jan 2017
According to “Solar calendar”, start from 1st day of Hindu “Magh” month
JANUARY, Hindus New Year Celebration and Festival
Baishakhi is a religious festival of Sikhs and celebrated every year to mark the birth of the Khalsa, and harvesting festival in Punjab state of India that is also known as Baisakh, Vaisakh, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi. Baishakhi is also the start of the Sikhs New Year, the start day is calculated according to Hindu Solar New Year that falls every year on the day “14th January".
Baishakhi is a religious festival of Sikhs and celebrated every year to mark the birth of the Khalsa, and harvesting festival in Punjab state of India that is also known as Baisakh, Vaisakh, Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi. Baishakhi is also the start of the Sikhs New Year, calculated according to Hindu Solar New Year that happen every year on the day “13th or 14th April”, every year.
MARCH-APRIL, Hindus New Year celebration and Festivals
Gudhi Padva is celebrated to Maharastra, Konkan and south Indian states of India, start on the first day of the Chaitra month (Sanskrit) and also known as Gudi Padva or Samvatsar Padvo. The Festival start dates vary for every year, which is based to “Lunar Calendar”. According to Hindus methodology and Brahma Purana, Brahma created the world after the cascade on Gudi Padawa and Hindu calendar began from this day.
Gudi Padwa Celebration
People celebrate, Gudi Padawa festival by Hindu rituals and tradition and they clean their house and decorate with colourful Rangoli and wear the traditional Hindu dresses. At villages people plastered the house (mainly entrance) with fresh cow-dung and make Rangoli on that. At evening people gather together and wear new clothes Rangoli and visit to the temple, friends and relatives. And also exchanges the sweets among friends and neighbors.
Ugadi festival is an auspicious day for Hindus and celebrated with great fanfare in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka that is also celebrated by Hindus in Maharashtra, Goa and Tamil Nadu states of India. The name Yugadi or Ugadi is derived from the Sanskrit words yuga (age) and ādi (beginning) that mean "the beginning of a new age". That starts from the first day of the in the Chaitra month of the Sanskrit calendar month that falls in March or early April month of the Gregorian calendar.
According to Hindu methodology the celebration signifies the god blessing for good crop and general well-being. Hindus decorate a Kalash by mango and coconut leaves on this occasion and worship the propitiate gods. And cook the delicious foods like polyhedra, in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana district and "pleasure" and "holige". In Canute district. And also make colorful Rangoli by garland, at villages people cement the house with splash fresh cow dung water on the ground in front of their house and make the worship of nature and God. At many places people organise cultural programs and local folk dance and visit the temples at evening.
Cheti Chand Festival
Cheti Chand is greatly auspicious festival in India and Pakistan that is celebrated with much fanfare to welcome the start of Sindhi’s New Year and people worship the water, they mark that the elixir of life. Cheti Chand festival is celebrated on the second day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha, when day when the New Moon becomes visible after no moon day that comes a day after Ugadi and Gudi Padwa festivals.
Cheti Chand Festival Celebration
Cheti Chand Festival was started to mark the Saint Jhulelal, at the time of Sumras rulers during 10h century. Saint Jhulelal saved the Sindhi Hindus from Mughal Mirkshah, who was threatening them convert to Islam or face the death. Sindhis worship the Jhulelal and take Baharana Sahib to a nearby river or lake on occasion of Cheti Chand Festival. Baharana Sahib consists Oil lamp, Crystal Sugar, Cardamom, Fruits, Water jar) and a Coconut, covered with cloth, flowers and leaves. Sindhis believe that the saint Julelal was born in Nasarapur district was sent by river God to protect them from the forced conversion, so they worship water on this day.
Navreh Festival of Kashmir
Navreh festival is a New Year celebration festival of Kashmiri Pandits that is celebrated with great enthusiasm and holiness in Kashmir and other parts of India. Navreh festival start from the first day of the Chaitra (Sanskrit Month) of Hindu Panchang (Calendar) and Nav Durga Puja commences in Kashmir from this day.
The Navreh festival celebration starts with the worship of goddess Durga, Kashmiri girls and housewife decorate the Puja Thali (worship plate), filled with rice and paddy along with silver, gold coins and flower and walnut. The family member pic the worshiped walnut and drops to the river and take a bath, and the thanks giving affair start after that.
Bihu is the festival of Assam state of India that has a set of three festivals, celebrated every year on different days.
Rongali Bihu (April)
Kaati Bihu (October)
Bhogali Bihu (January)
Rongali Bihu is the Hindu New Year festival celebrated in Assam and also known as the Festival of Merriment, which is celebrated to mark the agricultural New Year at the advent of seeding time. Generally Rongali Bihu starts from the 13th day of April and Bohag Bihu festival start with the first day of start month of the Assamese calendar (Bohag). That falls at mid-April, according to English calendar year.
Rongali Bihu is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Assam and nearby states. People celebrate the Bihu festival in the traditional manner by singing traditional Bihugeets and performing Assamies group folk dances. Traditional Assami dresses are also an attraction of the festival, the teenagers wear the traditional dhoti, gamosa and saadar mekhela to perform folk dance. At the end of the day people wishes New Year and do the fun-filled activities.
Pohela Baisakh is a Bengali New Year celebration, celebrated with full of bliss and zeal by Bengali Hindus in West Bengal and other Indian States including Assam, Jharkhand and Odisha by Bengali Community. Also Pohela Baisakh is the national holiday in Bangladesh, where people enjoy the celebration. The celebration starts on the first day of the year, according to the Bengali calendar, which is based on Bengali solar calendar derived on Surya Siddhanta (Sun principals).
Pohela Boisakh Celebration
The festival starts by worshiping the god and visiting and wishes to the friends, neighbours and relatives. On occasion of Pohela Baishakh people prepare special sweet dishes and exchange among friends and neighbours. The traditional food of the day is meal of 'panta bhaat and ilish maach' (fermented rice and hilsa fish).
At evening people wear traditional Bengali dresses and many stage shows, cultural events and classical Jatra plays are being organised to enjoy and welcome Bengali New Year, where the singer performs the traditional song to welcome the New Year. The song “"Esho, he Boishakh" written by Ravidra Nath Tagore is the most common song being performed at this occasion.
Lasoong festival is a grand festival and New Year Celebration of Sikkim State of India. Celebrated every year by Bhutias, the indigenous people of the Sikkim, who belongs to Tibetan ancestry. The celebration starts from Dec 14 to 1st of January. The word Lasoong is taken from “word Lhosar” that means start of the New Year of Beginning of New era.
Lasoong CelebrationThe celebration starts at in temples and monasteries of Sikkim state, begin after the priest offering Chi-Fut, which is a special alcohol to the gods. The presenting of wine, take place along with burning the statue of the demon King that’s the symbol of destroying immoral from the lives of the human. People cook various delicacies dishes at this occasion and offer to the god at the midnight to please the goddesses.
Puthandu is Tamil New Year festival start from the first day of Chitterai in the Tamil calendar, which is based on the Tamil Solar Calendar. Puthandu is sanctified festival in Tamilnadu state of India and also celebrated by Tamils in Puducherry and other Indian States, Sri Lankan and Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, and by Tamils in Malaysia, Singapore. The celebration day falls on 13th or 14th April every year, according to the English Calendar.
According to Tamil Hindus trust, Puthandu is the day of the year when Hindu God, Lord Brahma created the life on earth. And people celebrate Puthandu festival, to mark the Lord Brahma by worshiping and feasting together and visit the temple. Also people visit friends and relatives and exchange greetings for New Year - “Puthandu Vazthukal”.
Vishu is Malayalam festival that is also known as Bisu, Vishu festival is celebrated every year on occasion of Hindu New Year in Kerala, Mangalore and Udupi district of Karnataka states of India to mark the beginning of the harvest year that falls on the second week of April month of English Gregorian calendar. Another trust to celebrate Vishu is associated with the demon king Ravana. According to Hindus methodology the demon king Ravana had defeated the God Surya Deva (SUN) and he never allowed him to rise from the East. And after Ravana’s death again Surya Deva started to rise from the East on the day of Vishu. And Hindus in Kerala consider the day of Vishu, as the begging of of new era.
The celebration starts with worship of god by old Hindu ritual and then make fireworks, decorate the house and prayer room with lights. Also wearing new clothes and elders gifting money or clothes to younger is the part of tradition. Gifting money or new clothes to tenants or servants on the occasion of Vishu is common in urban areas.
Bestu Varas is the Gujarati new Year celebration Festival, celebrated every year on the occasion of Diwali festival of lights. Usually that start of the next day of Diwali festival. Usually that falls in the month of late October or early November, according to the Gregorian English calendar.
The New Year celebration start with grand Govardhan Pooja with full of zest and believe that it’s the time to step down all the pains, miseries and memories of past years and step into happy and blessed new year. On this occasion people dress up nicely and visit temples, exchange sweets and best wishes. And cleaning and decorating the house and making Rangoli with garland is a very common tradition in Gujarat.
© 2017 Sunita Rai